The Leyla-Tepe culture is a culture of archaeological interest from the Chalcolithic era. Its population was distributed on the southern slopes of the Central Caucasus (modern territory of Azerbaijan, Agdam district), from 4350 until 4000 B.C.
Monuments of the Leyla-Tepe were first allocated in the 1980s by well-known archaeologist I.G. Narimanov.
Recent attention to the monuments has been inspired by the risk of their damage due to the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline, as well as the South-Caucasus gas pipeline, in the western region of Azerbaijan.
Characteristics and origin of the
Leyla-Tepe culture include a settlement in the Leyla-Tepe, the lower layer of the settlement Poilu I, Poilu II, Boyuk-Kesik I, Boyuk-Kesik II, and the other at the same time.. along also revealed the burial in ceramic vessels. Similar amphora burials in the South Caucasus are found in the Western Georgia - Jar-Burial Culture. Leyla-Tepe culture - genetically well linked with the north Ubaid period monuments, in particular, with the settlements of the district of Eastern Anatolia (Arslan-tepe, Coruchu-tepe, Tepechik, etc.). Settlement Leylatepe typical Western-Asian settlement - extremely hoarding, dwellings are being built right next to each other (mud-brick village with mud smoke outlets). According to some Russian scientists, media Leyla-Tepe culture were the founders of the Maykop culture, which migrated to the northern slopes of the Central Caucasus, and later, due to unfavorable climatic conditions. The Syrian expedition of the archaeologists of the Russian academy of sciences revealed the similarity of the artifacts of Maykop culture and Leyla-Tepe culture with those found recently in the course of excavations of the ancient city of Tel Khazneh l in northern Syria, the construction of which dates from the 4th millennium bc. Correspondingly, it is supposed that the monuments of the Leyla-Tepe culture, the evidence on the migration to the South and then the North Caucasus tribes media Ubaid period of the Middle East.
- Р. М. Мунчаев, Н. Я. Мерперт, Ш. Н. Амиров ТЕЛЛЬ-ХАЗНА I. Культово-административный центр IV–III тыс. до н. э. в Северо-восточной Сирии. Издательство «Палеограф». Москва 2004. ISBN 5-89526-012-8