Leyland, Lancashire

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Leyland
Leyland is located in Lancashire
Leyland
Leyland
 Leyland shown within Lancashire
Population 35,578 [1] (2001 census)
OS grid reference SD549232
District South Ribble
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEYLAND
Postcode district PR25, PR26
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament South Ribble
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°41′31″N 2°41′49″W / 53.692°N 2.697°W / 53.692; -2.697

Leyland is a town in the South Ribble district, in the county of Lancashire, England. It is approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston.

Throughout the 20th and 21st century, the community has seen a large growth in industry, population and farming, due to the establishment of Leyland Motors, housing developments and the surrounding usable arable land.

The name of the town is of old Anglo-Saxon origin, meaning "untilled land".

History[edit]

English Leyland was an area of fields, with Roman roads passing through, from ancient Wigan to Walton-le-Dale.

It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066 King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 1100s, it came under the barony of Penwortham.

The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.

Notable features that remain include the St Andrew's Parish Church, built around 1200 AD and the large stone Leyland Cross, thought to date back to Saxon times.

Industry[edit]

The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including BMC, Standard-Triumph and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland company. The truck business still operates today as Leyland Trucks, and is owned by Paccar.

Leyland is also home to one of the UK's leading maintenance and utility companies, Enterprise Plc on Centurion Way. The Leyprint company is situated on Leyland Lane, a company which produces menus and other printed items.

A large Tesco superstore was built in 2002, and it stands near the police station. The old BTR Factory was knocked down to make way for new housing in 2004 and in 2006, the town was installed with a Morrisons, a Homebase and an Argos store.

The Leyland Band have also recently moved to the town, after several years in various other rehearsal locations, and now have a permanent home in Farington Business Park.

Transport[edit]

Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line, the very placement of which moved the civic centre of the town briefly, including Leyland Police Station.

There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction.

John Fishwick & Son serve the town's public transport needs. They also connect the town to Chorley and Preston.

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

High schools in Leyland are Balshaw's CE High School near Leyland Cross, Leyland St. Mary's Catholic Technology College, Academy@Worden, a smaller high school situated to the west of the town, and Wellfield Business & Enterprise College near the town centre.[2]

Colleges[edit]

To the east of Worden Park is Runshaw College. The college received the best Ofsted report, for any further education college in the UK, for the year of 2005.[citation needed]

Architecture[edit]

Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town were built in the 1970s.

Areas[edit]

Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.

Geography[edit]

Sport[edit]

Leyland has some excellent sporting facilities, notably Leyland Tennis Club, based at Fox Lane Sports & Social Club, Fox Lane.

People[edit]

Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population of 35,578 is the sum of the following ward populations: Moss Side 3673; Earnshaw Bridge 3722; Golden Hill 3982; Seven Stars 3701; Lowerhouse 4050; Leyland St. Mary's 3562; Leyland Central 3626; Leyland St. Ambrose 3337; Leyland St. John's 5925. All accessed 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ GCSE success for Leyland students

External links[edit]