Leyland Victory Mark 2

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Leyland Victory Mark 2
Guy Victory At The Scottish Vintage Bus Museum - geograph.org.uk - 3119166.jpg
Preserved China Motor Bus Victory Mark 2 in Scotland in September 2012
Overview
Manufacturer Leyland
Production 1978-81
Body and chassis
Doors 2
Floor type Step entrance
Powertrain
Engine Gardner 6LXB
Transmission Voith DIWA 851
Self-Changing Gears GB350
Dimensions
Length 9.7 metres
Chronology
Successor Leyland Olympian

The Leyland Victory Mark 2 was a front-engined double-decker bus chassis manufactured by Leyland between 1978 and 1981. Like its competitor Dennis Jubilant, Volvo Ailsa B55, it was specifically designed for contemporary operating environment (hilly roads and one-person operation with a farebox) in Hong Kong.

The chassis was developed from the Guy Victory J, which was also chosen by Bus Bodies (South Africa) for the development of its own double decker. Four examples were delivered to Kowloon Motor Bus for evaluation.[1] It could be fitted with Gardner 6LXB engine and Voith D851 gearbox, but one Victory Mark 2 for China Motor Bus had been experimentally fitted with Self-Changing Gears GB350 gearbox.

Almost all Leyland Victory Mark 2s built for Hong Kong were fitted with Alexander bodywork, but the last 20 buses built for China Motor Bus were fitted with Duple Metsec bodywork.

Operators[edit]

Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) introduced 540 Victory Mark 2s between 1979 and 1983, including one air-conditioned coach, which was unsuccessful and had the air-conditioning unit removed.[2][1] China Motor Bus (CMB) purchased 167 Victory Mark 2s between 1979 and 1982.[3][4][5] New Lantao Bus (NLB) also purchased nine between 1980 and 1983, with a further six buses acquired from KMB in later years. In 1993 NLB sold 10 of its Victory Mark 2s to Citybus which took over 26 routes from CMB on 1 September 1993.[6]

This model of double-decker bus has served nearly all regions in Hong Kong, including New Territories, Kowloon, Hong Kong Island, and Lantau Island.

All NLB and Citybus's Victory Mark 2s were withdrawn in the mid-1990s. KMB withdrew its last Victory Mark 2 in early 1998. CMB operated Victory Mark 2s until the takeover of its routes, as well as these buses, by New World First Bus on 1 September 1998, the ex-CMB Victory Mark 2s were gradually replaced by new low-floor buses, the last Victory Mark 2s were withdrawn on 31 August 2000.

Four Citybus's Victory Mark 2s became service vehicles after withdrawal. On the other hand, some withdrawn KMB/CMB Victory Mark 2s were sold for use on rescue training.

Accidents[edit]

Leyland Victory Mark 2 has a notorious reputation as an unsafe bus, mainly due to its soft suspension and high centre of gravity, which makes it prone to overturning.

Major accidents involving Victory Mark 2
Date Company Route Fleet Number Accident type Location
29 August 1980 CMB 4 LV11 rollover Pok Fu Lam Road near Pok Fu Lam Tsuen
1 December 1980 KMB 70 G217 rollover Junction between Nathan Road and Waterloo Road, Kowloon
23 August 1981 KMB 66M G94 collision and fire Tuen Mun Road near Sham Tseng
24 November 1981 KMB 45 G58 rollover Junction between Fat Kwong Street and Chung Hau Street
25 January 1982 KMB 36M Unknown rollover Junction between Castle Peak Road and Wo Yi Hop Road
17 August 1982 KMB 85 Unknown rollover Lion Rock Tunnel Road
12 October 1982 KMB 48 G442 rollover Junction between Tai Wai Road and Lion Rock Tunnel Road
14 November 1982 KMB 60M G440 rollover Tuen Mun Road near Siu Lam
2 February 1985 KMB 82M G208 rollover Junction between Lion Rock Tunnel Road and Tai Chung Kiu Road
10 April 1985 KMB 72 G224 rollover Tai Po Road near Caldecott Road
5 November 1986 KMB 61A G470 rollover Junction between Ming Kum Road and Shek Pai Tau Road, Tuen Mun
17 March 1990 CMB 94 LV21 rollover Ap Lei Chau Bridge (Exit at Aberdeen side)
9 October 1991 KMB 43X G493 rollover Entrance of Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier bus terminus
25 July 1993 KMB 69M G305 rollover Junction between Hung Tin Road and Ping Ha Road

Trivia[edit]

  • Leyland Victory Mark 2 was also known as "chicken" in Hong Kong because its soft suspension made it behave like chicken when accelerating or decelerating.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hong Kong Buses Part 3: Kowloon Motor Bus" Fleetline issue 249 July 1997 page 112
  2. ^ All due credit Commercial Motor 15 September 1978
  3. ^ Tradition wins CMB 'Commercial Motor 30 March 1979
  4. ^ Leyland for Hong Kong Commercial Motor 10 November 1979
  5. ^ "Hong Kong Buses Part 1: China Motor Bus Co" Fleetline issue 247 March 1997 page 50
  6. ^ "Hong Kong Buses: Part 2 Citybus Limited" Fleetline issue 248 May 1997 page 93
  • Lee Tin Yau (2001). Leyland Victory 2. Northcord International Limited. ISBN 962-920-034-1. 

External links[edit]