Leymus

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Leymus
Elymus cinereus (5048924411).jpg
Leymus cinereus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Genus: Leymus
Hochst.
Type species
Leymus arenarius
(L.) Hochst.[1]
Synonyms[2]
Mammoth Wild Rye (Leymus racemosus)

Leymus is a genus of plants in the (grass family), widespread across Europe, Asia, and the Americas.[3][1][4][5]

The common name for this genus is "wild rye"; however, members of the genus Elymus are also sometimes given the same common name. The two are closely related and sometimes combined into one genus. The two names are anagrams of each other.[6][7]

Species[2][8][9][10]
  1. Leymus aemulans - Xinjiang, Central Asia
  2. Leymus ajanensis - Siberia, Russian Far East, Alaska
  3. Leymus akmolinensis - Siberia, Kazakhstan, European Russia
  4. Leymus alaicus - Central Asia
  5. Leymus altus - Xinjiang
  6. Leymus ambiguus - mountains of western USA
  7. Leymus angustus - Altai Wild Rye - China, Mongolia, Siberia, Central Asia
  8. Leymus arenarius - Lyme Grass - Europe
  9. Leymus aristiglumus - Qinghai
  10. Leymus × buriaticus - Siberia
  11. Leymus cappadocicus - Turkey, Afghanistan
  12. Leymus chinensis - China, Korea, Mongolia, Amur, Siberia
  13. Leymus cinereus - Basin Wild Rye - western North America (USA + Canada)
  14. Leymus condensatus - Giant Wild Rye - California, Baja California, Coahuila
  15. Leymus crassiusculus - Qinghai, Shanxi
  16. Leymus divaricatus - Kazakhstan
  17. Leymus duthiei - China, Korea, Japan, Nepal, northern India
  18. Leymus erianthus - Chile, Argentina
  19. Leymus × fedtschenkoi - Kyrgyzstan
  20. Leymus flavescens - Alberta, northwestern USA
  21. Leymus flexilis - Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
  22. Leymus flexus - Qinghai, Gansu, Shanxi
  23. Leymus innovatus - from Alaska + Northwest Territories to South Dakota + Ontario
  24. Leymus × jenisseiensis - Siberia
  25. Leymus karelinii - Xinjiang, Central Asia, European Russia
  26. Leymus komarovii - China, Mongolia, Korea, Russian Far East
  27. Leymus kopetdaghensis - Turkmenistan
  28. Leymus lanatus - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
  29. Leymus latiglumis - Uzbekistan
  30. Leymus leptostachyus - Qinghai, Xinjiang
  31. Leymus mollis - colder parts of Asia + North America
  32. Leymus multicaulis - European Russia, Central Asia, Xinjiang
  33. Leymus × multiflorus - California
  34. Leymus mundus - Tibet, Gansu
  35. Leymus nikitinii - Turkmenistan
  36. Leymus oblongolemmatus - Qinghai [11]
  37. Leymus obvipodus - Qinghai
  38. Leymus ordensis - Siberia
  39. Leymus paboanus - Russia, China, Mongolia, Central Asia, Afghanistan
  40. Leymus pacificus - California
  41. Leymus paucispiculus - Qinghai, Gansu
  42. Leymus pendulus - Qinghai
  43. Leymus pishanicus - Xinjiang
  44. Leymus pluriflorus - Qinghai, Gansu
  45. Leymus pseudoracemosus - Qinghai
  46. Leymus pubinodis - Xinjiang
  47. Leymus racemosus - Mammoth Wild Rye - Eurasia from Bulgaria to Mongolia
  48. Leymus × ramosoides - European Russia
  49. Leymus ramosus - Eurasia from Crimea to Mongolia
  50. Leymus ruoqiangensis - Xinjiang, Qinghai
  51. Leymus salinus - western USA
  52. Leymus secalinus - Siberia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Central Asia, Himalayas
  53. Leymus shanxiensis - Shanxi
  54. Leymus sibiricus - Russia from Altai Krai to Magadan
  55. Leymus × sphacelatus - Tuva
  56. Leymus spiniformis - Qinghai, Shanxi
  57. Leymus tianschanicus - Iran, Central Asia, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia
  58. Leymus triticoides - Creeping Wild Rye - British Columbia, western USA, Baja California, Tamaulipas
  59. Leymus × tuvinicus - Siberia
  60. Leymus × vancouverensis - British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California
  61. Leymus villosissimus - Yakutia, Magadan, Kamchatka, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia
  62. Leymus yiunensis - Xinjiang

Butterfly food plant[edit]

Butterflies whose caterpillars feed on Leymus include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tropicos, Leymus Hochst.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hochstetter, Christian Ferdinand Friedrich. 1848. Flora 31(7): 118, in footnote in German
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 387 Leymus Hochstetter
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  6. ^ Anamthawat-Jónsson, Kesara; Bödvarsdóttir, Sigrídur K. (2001). "Genomic and genetic relationships among species of Leymus (Poaceae: Triticeae) inferred from 18S–26S ribosomal genes". American Journal of Botany 88 (4): 553–559. doi:10.2307/2657053. 
  7. ^ "PLANTS profile for Leymus (wildrye)". PLANTS Database. United States Dept. of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  8. ^ The Plant List search for Leymus
  9. ^ Barkworth, M. E. & R. J. Atkins. 1984. Leymus Hochst. (Gramineae: Triticeae) in North America: taxonomy and distribution. American Journal of Botany 71: 609–625
  10. ^ Yen, C., J. L. Yang & B. R. Baum. 2009. Synopsis of Leymus Hochst. (Triticeae: Poaceae). Journal of Systematics and Evolution 47(1): 67–86
  11. ^ The International Plant Names Index