Leysin

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Leysin
Leysin -
Country Switzerland
Canton Vaud
District Aigle
Coordinates 46°20′N 7°00′E / 46.333°N 7.000°E / 46.333; 7.000Coordinates: 46°20′N 7°00′E / 46.333°N 7.000°E / 46.333; 7.000
Population 3,988 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 215 /km2 (556 /sq mi)
Area 18.57 km2 (7.17 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,260 m (4,134 ft)
Postal code 1854
SFOS number 5407
Mayor Syndic
Demonym Leysenouds
Localities Crettaz, Veyges
Surrounded by Ormont-Dessous, Aigle, Yvorne, Corbeyrier
Website www.leysin.ch
Profile (French), SFSO statistics
Leysin is located in Switzerland
Leysin
Leysin

Leysin is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in the Aigle district of Switzerland. It is first mentioned around 1231–32 as Leissins, in 1352 as Leisins.[3]

Located in the Vaudoises Alps, Leysin is a sunny alpine resort village at the eastern end of Lake Geneva in proximity to Montreux, Lausanne, and Geneva. In prior years, Leysin was known for its sanatoriums for tuberculosis; today its spectacular Alpine views across the Rhône Valley towards the Dents du Midi invite year-round mountain sports and recreation.

The entire village of Leysin and hamlet of Veyges are designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[4]

Geography[edit]

Tour d'Aï and Tour de Mayen
Old photochrom showing some of the resorts in Leysin

Leysin has an area, as of 2009, of 18.57 square kilometers (7.17 sq mi). Of this area, 6.48 km2 (2.50 sq mi) or 34.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.91 km2 (2.67 sq mi) or 37.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.43 km2 (0.55 sq mi) or 7.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.04 km2 (9.9 acres) or 0.2% is either rivers or lakes and 3.67 km2 (1.42 sq mi) or 19.8% is unproductive land.[5]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.0%. Out of the forested land, 33.3% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 0.0% is used for growing crops and 10.0% is pastures and 24.7% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water. Of the unproductive areas, 12.9% is unproductive vegetation and 6.9% is too rocky for vegetation.[5]

The municipality is located in the Aigle district, on the right side of the Grande-Eau at the foot of the Tour d'Aï and the Tour de Mayen. The main village is located at an elevation of 1,260 m (4,130 ft). It consists of the village of Leysin and the hamlets of Veyges, Feydey, Aï and Mayen.

Leysin can be accessed by road or the hourly Aigle - Leysin train, which makes four area stops.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess Sable and Or, overall issuant from Hills in base a Pinetree all Vert.[6]

Demographics[edit]

View of Leysin and surrounding mountains
Building in Leysin
Restaurant Tournant Kuklos atop the 2045 m la Berneuse

Leysin has a population (as of December 2012) of 3,988.[1] As of 2008, 59.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 37.5%. It has changed at a rate of 39.4% due to migration and at a rate of 2.6% due to births and deaths.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (1,683 or 56.1%), with English being second most common (356 or 11.9%) and German being third (104 or 3.5%). There are 43 people who speak Italian and 1 person who speaks Romansh.[9]

Of the population in the municipality 539 or about 18.0% were born in Leysin and lived there in 2000. There were 424 or 14.1% who were born in the same canton, while 361 or 12.0% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 1,525 or 50.9% were born outside of Switzerland.[9]

In 2008 there were 14 live births to Swiss citizens and 11 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 17 deaths of Swiss citizens and 1 non-Swiss citizen death. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 3 while the foreign population increased by 10. There were 10 Swiss men and 5 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 95 non-Swiss men and 140 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 17 and the non-Swiss population increased by 240 people. This represents a population growth rate of 7.4%.[7]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Leysin is; 271 children or 7.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 961 teenagers or 25.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 843 people or 22.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 391 people or 10.4% are between 30 and 39, 426 people or 11.3% are between 40 and 49, and 341 people or 9.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 305 people or 8.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 148 people or 3.9% are between 70 and 79,there are 61 people or 1.6% who are 80 and 89, and there are 12 people or 0.3% who are 90 and older.[10]

As of 2000, there were 1,699 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 989 married individuals, 126 widows or widowers and 184 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2000, there were 937 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household.[8] There were 409 households that consist of only one person and 30 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 1,004 households that answered this question, 40.7% were households made up of just one person and there were 3 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 223 married couples without children, 235 married couples with children There were 56 single parents with a child or children. There were 11 households that were made up of unrelated people and 67 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[9]

In 2000 there were 312 single family homes (or 43.3% of the total) out of a total of 720 inhabited buildings. There were 235 multi-family buildings (32.6%), along with 68 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (9.4%) and 105 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (14.6%). Of the single family homes 103 were built before 1919, while 19 were built between 1990 and 2000. The most multi-family homes (76) were built before 1919 and the next most (43) were built between 1961 and 1970. There was 1 multi-family house built between 1996 and 2000.[11]

In 2000 there were 2,345 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 711. There were 344 single room apartments and 289 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 885 apartments (37.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 1,095 apartments (46.7%) were seasonally occupied and 365 apartments (15.6%) were empty.[11] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 3.5 new units per 1000 residents.[8] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 2.51%.[8]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 21.19% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (20.41%), the SP (19.92%) and the Green Party (15.84%). In the federal election, a total of 477 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 40.7%.[13]

Economy[edit]

Ski lift, restaurant and skiing in Leysin

As of 2010, Leysin had an unemployment rate of 4.8%. As of 2008, there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 137 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 26 businesses in this sector. 1,074 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 116 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 1,160 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 45.7% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 1,080. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 30, of which 21 were in agriculture and 8 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 128 of which 36 or (28.1%) were in manufacturing and 85 (66.4%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 922. In the tertiary sector; 76 or 8.2% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 54 or 5.9% were in the movement and storage of goods, 167 or 18.1% were in a hotel or restaurant, 13 or 1.4% were the insurance or financial industry, 7 or 0.8% were technical professionals or scientists, 351 or 38.1% were in education and 174 or 18.9% were in health care.[14]

In 2000, there were 206 workers who commuted into the municipality and 234 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 1.1 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[15] Of the working population, 10.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 45.3% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

Church tower in Leysin village

From the 2000 census, 769 or 25.7% were Roman Catholic, while 803 or 26.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 110 members of an Orthodox church (or about 3.67% of the population), there was 1 individual who belongs to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 50 individuals (or about 1.67% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 3 individuals (or about 0.10% of the population) who were Jewish, and 63 (or about 2.10% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 84 individuals who were Buddhist, 23 individuals who were Hindu and 6 individuals who belonged to another church. 612 (or about 20.41% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 474 individuals (or about 15.81% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

In Leysin about 658 or (21.9%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 365 or (12.2%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 365 who completed tertiary schooling, 27.9% were Swiss men, 18.4% were Swiss women, 28.2% were non-Swiss men and 25.5% were non-Swiss women.[9]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 317 students in the Leysin school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[16] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 205 children of which 96 children (46.8%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 175 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 139 students in those schools. There were also 3 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[17]

As of 2000, there were 39 students in Leysin who came from another municipality, while 98 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

Leysin is presently the home to a number of international schools: Leysin American School, Kumon Leysin Academy of Switzerland, Swiss Hotel Management School, CP Language Institute, International School of Mountaineering, Voxlingua Language School. [18] It previously hosted two other higher educational institutions that no longer exist; there was once a campus of the Schiller International University located in Leysin as well as the American College of Switzerland which is no longer is in operation.

Sport[edit]

Leysin hosted the FIS Snowboard World Cup 2008.[19]

Leysin has hosted three world cup events in recent years: Boardercross, Speedskiing, and downhill mountain-biking.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 17 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Leysin in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 7 May 2011
  7. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 7 May 2011
  9. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (French) accessed 29 April 2011
  11. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  16. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  17. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  18. ^ Voxlingua Language School
  19. ^ FIS Events List

External links[edit]