Leytonstone

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Leytonstone
Leytonstone is located in Greater London
Leytonstone
Leytonstone
 Leytonstone shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ3987
London borough Waltham Forest
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district E11
E15
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Leyton and Wanstead
London Assembly North East
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°34′08″N 0°00′36″E / 51.569°N 0.010°E / 51.569; 0.010

Leytonstone /ˈltənˌstn/ is an area of North East London and part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. It is a suburban area, located seven miles north-east of Charing Cross in Greater London. It borders Walthamstow to the north-west, Wanstead (in the London Borough of Redbridge) to the north, Leyton to the south, and Forest Gate (in the London Borough of Newham) to the east.

History[edit]

The main thoroughfare, High Road Leytonstone, running the length of Leytonstone to Stratford, is an ancient pathway dating to pre-Roman times. Roman archaeological features have been found in the area.[1] "There was a Roman cemetery south of Blind Lane, and massive foundations of some Roman building, with quantities of Roman brick, were discovered in the grounds of Leyton Grange."[2] The High Stone at the junction of Hollybush Hill and New Wanstead, near the eastern boundary of the parish at the junction of the roads from Woodford and Woodford Bridge, is a restored 18th-century obelisk set up on an earlier stump which has been traditionally described as a Roman milestone.[2]

The stone and obelisk

Two of the obelisk's inscriptions are still just legible: others are not.

"To Epping XI Miles through Woodford, Loughton"
"To Ongar XV Miles through Woodford Bridge, Chigwell, Abridge"

The earliest known cartographic reference to Leytonstone is dated from 1545.[citation needed]

Leytonstone was the centre of protests against the construction of the M11 link road, in the early 1990s.

Governance[edit]

Leytonstone was part of the ancient parish of Leyton in the Becontree Hundred. For ecclesiastical purposes it constituted a separate parish from 1845.[3] The parish of Leyton formed part of the West Ham Poor law union. In 1894 it became part of the Leyton Urban District, which was incorporated in 1926 as the Municipal Borough of Leyton. Leytonstone became part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest in 1965 upon the creation of Greater London.

The area is part of the Leyton and Wanstead constituency. As of May 2010, John Cryer has held the seat for the Labour Party. For elections to the London Assembly it is part of the North East constituency and the AM is Jennette Arnold of the Labour Party. It is part of the London constituency for elections to the European Parliament.

Geography[edit]

Transport[edit]

Leytonstone High Road was a Roman track from London to Epping Forest. This route became important for long distant coaches from the 14th century.[3] In the 1960s there was a problem of congestion around the shopping streets in Leytonstone,[2] a problem which continues with the one way system today.[4] In the 1990s the M11 link road was built through the area despite a long running protest by locals and road protestors. This and other protests led to the Conservative policy, Roads for Prosperity, being abandoned.[5]

Leytonstone tube station is on the Central line of the London Underground.

Leytonstone High Road is a London Overground railway station.

Education[edit]

The borough includes:

Notable features[edit]

Church of St John the Baptist

Public services[edit]

Thames Water supplies Leytonstones' water. EDF Energy Networks is the Distribution network operator licensed to distribute electricity from the transmission grid to homes and businesses in Leytonstone. Whipps Cross University Hospital, on Whipps Cross road, is a University Hospital administrated by Whipps Cross University Hospital NHS Trust. London Ambulance Service responds to medical emergencies in Leytonstone. Home Office policing in Leytonstone is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service. Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigade, with Leytonstone Fire Station on Leytonstone High Road. As at November 2012, this fire station is scheduled to be rebuilt.[6]

Leytonstone Fire Station

Notable people[edit]

In drama, film and television[edit]

  • In The Bed-Sitting Room (1969), Spike Milligan created the (fictional) closest heir to the British throne after the outbreak of nuclear war as "Mrs. Ethel Shroake" of 393A High Street, Leytonstone. She appears in the final scene of the play.
  • Deep End, a 1970 horror film, was partly shot at the old Cathall Road Baths in Leytonstone.[7]

In Eastenders, Kim Fox is from Leytonstone.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kennedy, J. A History of the Parish of Leyton, Essex Phelp Brothers, Leyton (1894), digital copy at archive.org
  2. ^ a b c Powell, W. R. (1973). "A History of the County of Essex". vol 6. British History Online. pp 174–184, Leyton: Introduction. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Hibbert, Christopher (2008). London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan London Ltd. pp. 482–483. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5. 
  4. ^ Brown, Carl (6 October 2009). "LEYTONSTONE: "Let's discuss improving ALL our town centres" says Robbins". Waltham Forest Guardian. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  5. ^ Lean, Geoffrey (21 January 1996). "Tories ditch the 'car economy'". The Independent (London). Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. ^ Waltham Forest Guardian, Leytonstone Fire Station to be Rebuilt at WebCite (archived 2012-12-01)
  7. ^ Deep End filming locations at IMDb
  8. ^ Hat Trick Productions: Small Potatoes

External links[edit]