Lheidli T'enneh Band
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The Lheidli T'enneh Band, formerly the Fort George Indian Band and also known as the Lheidli T'enneh First Nation, is the First Nations band government for the Lheidli T'enneh, a subgroup of the Dakelh people whose traditional territory includes the city of Prince George, British Columbia. The name means "The People from the confluence of the two rivers" in the Carrier language and refers to the fact that the Nechako River enters the Fraser River at Prince George. The band was previously known as the Fort George Indian Band.
The Lheidli T'enneh Treaty
On October 29, 2006 the Lheidli T'enneh became the first people to initial a treaty with British Columbia and Canada within the framework of the British Columbia Treaty Process created in response to the Delgamuukw case. It remains for the treaty to be ratified by a vote of Lheidli T'enneh band members, by the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, and by the Canadian Parliament.
On February 9, 2007 the Treaty 8 First Nations launched a legal challenge of the ratification of Lheidli T'enneh treaty. The Treaty 8 First Nations asserted that Canada, British Columbia and the Lheidli T'enneh did not adequately consult them about the overlap of the Lheidli T'enneh treaty area and the area of Treaty 8.
The Treaty 8 First Nations sought an interlocutory injunction preventing the ratification of the treaty until such time as the parties resolves the issues of the overlap. Justice Wilson of the Supreme Court of British Columbia denied the plaintiff's application for an interlocutory injunction.
A similar challenge was launched by the Secwepemc Nation on March 12, 2007.
The Lheidli T'enneh band members did not ratify the treaty in a treaty ratification vote held on March 30, 2007. In the vote 123 people voted against the treaty and 111 voted in favor of it.
In response to this outcome, the British Columbia Treaty Commission undertook a "Lheidli T’enneh Communications Probe" to determine why the treaty was not ratified. This included a survey carried out by the Mustel Group, a marketing and public opinion research firm based in Vancouver.
- Poser, William (1999). Lheidli T'enneh Hubughunek (Fort George Carrier Lexicon) (third edition ed.). Prince George, BC: Lheidli T'enneh.
- Runnals, Reverend Francis Edwin (1946). A History of Prince George. Prince George: the author.
- BC Treaty Commission news release
- Lheidli T'enneh Final Agreement
- news article about treaty signing
- Treaty 8 Legal challenge Documents
- reasons for judgment
- Tribal council seeks to delay treaty ratification
- Lheidli T’enneh vote No
- PDF - BC Treaty Commission calls For Probe