Chen Chun-Hung 理教 第廿五代 總領正 上天下心 提點大宗師法號：理天心 法名：善弘 俗名:陳俊宏
|Teacher(s)||Li Tien Xin 理天心|
Songxin Road, No. 157, Xinyi District 110 (台北市信義區松信路157號)電話: 02-2760-7939
|Country||Taipei, Taiwan 台北,台灣|
Zailiism (在理教, literally "Reasonable Teaching") was found by Yang Lai-Ru Tsu-Shi of the Ming Dynasty. He took the Confucian principles of focusing on ethical loyalty and filial piety as its basis; with the Buddhist principles cherishing mercy and world salvation and with the Taoist principle of cultivation emphasizing virtue and purity.
It’s a conglomerate and a combination of all three religions which are based upon the rectitude of the mind, the true cultivation of one self, exercising self-control and the revival of propriety as the foundation of good behavior and the performance of morality; the ideal of cosmopolitanism and the philosophy of evenness of Heaven and man.
Liism has been practiced widely for over 392 years since its founding. Nowadays, Zailiist temples are established at home and abroad and its adherents are spread all over the world.
The Origin of Li-ism
Yang Lai-Ru Tsu-Shi, the founder of "Li-ism" was born in Chi-Mo Hsien of Shantung Province, China on January 13, 1621 AD. An accomplished individual, Yang Lai-Ru Tsu-Shi was granted the “Chin-Hsi” degree of “Kwei Wei” civil examination on the 16th year of Ming Dynasty 1643 AD. Just a year after receiving his “Kwei Wei” degree, on the 18th of March, 17th Year of Tsung-Cheng 1644 AD, the capital was occupied by Lee Tsu-Cheng, commonly known as King Chuang whose empire was driven by an army originating from the Manchu regime commanded by General Wu San-Kwei. Not long after the occupation, China was further unified by Tsing’s military forces under the command of Emperor Shun-Chi. The new Emperor gave a decree that all previous ministers and scholars of the Ming Dynasty should come forward and be recognized again under the new leadership. Emperor Shun-Chi’s opened the doors to allow more foreign shipping which created the new era of international trading. Opium was then introduced to China. Yang Lai-Ru Tsu-Shi was a scholar and a serving minister under Ming Dynasty. As a man of high principle and integrity, Yang Tsu-Shi refused to serve a new leader. Yang Tsu-Shi retired into the mountains of Tianjin, bestowing all his time to look after his mother until her death. With the country devastated by the increment of Opium trading and the degeneration of the people’s mind, Yang Tsu-Shi swore to devote himself to the great task of world salvation.
On the 3rd day of the 3rd month of the 3rd year of Emperor Shun-Chi’s rule, Yang Tsu-Shi was deeply saddened by the loss of his mother. Yang Tsu-Shi, an accomplished man was known for his filial heart towards his mother and therefore would-be grave robbers expected that he would bury his mother with valuables. Yang Tsu-Shi stood vigilant day and night by his mother’s grave; his loving heart and commitment touched the heavens. “Shen Tsung Ku Fo”, the god of eternity, touched by Yang Tsu-Shi’s spirit and emotions, descended to the realms of mankind, depicting himself as an old man to connect with Yang Tsu-Shi. And because of this interaction with Shen Tsung Ku Fo, Yang Tsu-Shi was taught the great sacred doctrine of “Li-ism”. Its creed consists of the five human relationships and the eight virtues. Its commandments are:
•No Lust •No Robbery •No Smoking •No Lying •No Drinking
Yang Tsu-Shi practiced “Li-ism’s” virtues and commandments with strict discipline and mastered the doctrine. Yang Tsu-Chi then went looking for the old man but to no avail. He realized then he had encountered a divine intervention. Retiring back to Nan-Shui Cave in Chi-San Chichow, Hebei Province, Yang Tsu-Shi further practiced the doctrine of “Li-ism”", acquiring more in-depth knowledge and wisdom. Having profoundly cultivated his mind and disposition, Yang Tsu-Chi descends from the mountain at age 81, the 4th year of Kang-Hsi to preach his doctrine to the people and to world salvation. His in-depth knowledge of “Li-ism” and prudence as an individual, Yang Tsu-Shi influenced many prominent people namely, Chang Sze-Ku of Paichiapao, Cheng Ting-Fu, Chu An-Lin, Chang Tien-Hsi, Tu Chang-Ching and Chang Wu-San of Tianjin.
On the 45th year of Kang-Hsi ‘s rule, Yang Tsu-Shi returned back to Nan-Shui Cave where he built an altar to further preach his doctrine of “Li-ism”. There he found his adherents come to him from afar for his enlightenment. In the cave, Yang Tsu-Chi recruited his first ten disciples namely Kao Ch-Ming, Chao Kuo-Hsen, Chu Shun-Shan, Chou Jui-Chin, Chu Sheng-Shan, Wang Lai-Yung, Liu Lai-Ching, Chiao Chung-Huo, Wang Lai-Pu and Mao Chin-Lan. Over time and under Yang Tsu-Shi’s mentoring, all his disciples were successful in attaining the great truth of “Li-ism”. Yang Tsu-Shi died on 24 June in the 18th year of Chien-Jung, aged 133. His grave can still be found at Tong Ting Tze in Chi-San, Hebei Province.
Following the fall of mainland China to the raising Chinese communist party, many Li-ism adherents left and migrated to Taiwan. Mr Chao Tung-Shu and Chief Ling-Cheng were amongst the first of Li-ism disciples to move across the strait. Mr Chao Tung-Shu and Chief Ling-Cheng gathered together all adherents here on Taiwan to restore Li-ism to its former glory. Establishing new altars to preach the great doctrine and finally a "General Council" was created to manage all other matters. Li-ism grew quickly in numbers and strength and became a religion of great influence. An opportunity came when Chao and Chief Ling-Cheng were asked to take ownership of an existing temple, "Ching Hsing Tang". As the temple was old and run-down, lots of continuous repairing and renovation work was carried out by local disciples. Located at "Chung Hwa Road, No.174, Taipei City, the temple very quickly developed into a place of interest and saw hundreds and thousands of tourist annually.
Li-ism believes in "Shen Tsung Ku Fo", commonly known as the Ancient Sacred Buddha and or Kwan Shi Yin Buddha and or God of Eternity. Before the Innumerable catastrophes and disasters, "Kwan Shi Yin Buddha was the "Cheng Fa Ming" whose duties were to give great mercy and deeds to the salvation of mankind.
The creeds of Li-ism lay great emphasis on loyalty and filial piety, the 5 human relationships (King and his officials, father and son, brothers and sisters, husband and wife, friends), the realization of the 8 cardinal virtues (Filial piety, Brother-liness, Loyalty, Faithfulness, Propriety, Righteousness, Justice and Sense of Shame). Continuously practiced and preached to all disciples, family and friends; not to forget the words of our Ancestors and their path to enlightenment. Their dreams of a continued tradition and education for the next generation of disciples.
The Commandments of Li-ism are the strict abstinence from smoking, opium, drinking and the observance of the 5 commandments of (1) No Lust, (2) No Robbery, (3) No Smoking, (4) No Lying, (5) No Drinking.
|The 5 Commandments||Actions|
|No Lust||Not to be frivolous and lustful|
|No Robbery||Not to steal and rob|
|No Smoking||Not to smoke drugs (Opium)|
|No Lying||Not to tell lies|
|No Drinking||Not to be intoxicated by alcohol|
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