Liang Bua

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Liang Bua
Homo floresiensis cave.jpg
Cave where the remains of Homo floresiensis were found
Location Flores
Length 50m
Discovery 1950s
Geology Limestone
Entrances 1

Liang Bua is a limestone cave on the island of Flores Indonesia. The site is slightly north of the town of Ruteng in Manggarai Regency (kabupaten) in East Nusa Tenggara province.

The cave was the site of the 2003 discovery of a potentially new species of Homo genus, Homo floresiensis, the remains of which are coded LB1, LB2, etc., after the cave. The Indonesian field coordinator of the excavation team, Thomas Sutikna, was preparing to close up the dig at Liang Bua when the first indications of the important fossils were uncovered.[1] So far it is the only location in which such remains have been identified although archeological work in the nearby Soa Valley in Ngada Regency appears to support findings from the Liang Bua site.[2]

There was initially disagreement amongst scientists as to whether the discoveries represented a new and distinct hominid species. More recently, a consensus has tended to emerge amongst experts on human origin that the discoveries indeed represent a distinct species that lived in relatively modern times.[3]

In 2013, a 3D model of the cave created via laser scanning was made available online by the Smithsonian Institution.[4]


Further reading[edit]

  • Brown, P.; Sutikna, T., Morwood, M. J., Soejono, R. P., Jatmiko, Wayhu Saptomo, E. & Rokus Awe Due (October 27, 2004). "A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia.". Nature, 431. doi:10.1038/nature02999.
  • Meijer HJM & R A Due (2010). "A new species of giant marabou stork (Aves: Ciconiiformes) from the Pleistocene of Liang Bua, Flores (Indonesia)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 707–724. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00616.x. 
  • Morwood, M. J.; Soejono, R. P., Roberts, R. G., Sutikna, T., Turney, C. S. M., Westaway, K. E., Rink, W. J., Zhao, J.- X., van den Bergh, G. D., Rokus Awe Due, Hobbs, D. R., Moore, M. W., Bird, M. I. & Fifield, L. K. (October 27, 2004). "Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia.". Nature 431: 1087–1091. doi:10.1038/nature02956.
  • Penny Van Oosterzee; Mike Morwood. A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the "Hobbits" of Flores, Indonesia'. London: Collins. ISBN 0-06-089908-5.


  1. ^ 'Sutikna traces man's ancestry through Liang Bua find', The Jakarta Post, 17 April 2005.
  2. ^ ''Hobbits' on Flores', Smithsonian Natural Museum of Natural History, accessed 27 December 2013.
  3. ^ 'Indonesian 'hobbit' challenges evolutionary theory', The Jakarta Post, 7 March 2010. See also, Michael Casey, '["Hobbit" Skeleton Questions Evolution's Out-Of-Africa Theory'], The Jakarta Globe, 8 March 2010.
  4. ^,

Coordinates: 8°32′03″S 120°27′37″E / 8.53417°S 120.46028°E / -8.53417; 120.46028