- Common names: brown water python, water python.
Adults average about 2 metres in length, but may reach as much as 3 metres. Robustly built, it has a long head that is slightly distinct from the neck. The anterior supralabials have thermosensitive pits.
Scalation includes a pair of undivided parietal scales and a single loreal scale on either side of the head. On the body, the dorsal scales number 45-55 at midbody, the ventral scales 270-300, the anal scale is single and there are 60-90 paired subcaudal scales.
The color pattern consists of a uniform, iridescent dark blackish brown dorsal color. The belly is a dull to bright yellow that includes the first few rows of dorsal scales. The throat is cream colored, while the upper labials are light gray-brown with dark brown or black spots.
Found in Australia in the Kimberley district of northern Western Australia from around Broome east through Northern Territory at least as far south as Mataranka to the coast of central Queensland to near MacKay. Also found in the Sir Charles Hardy Islands, on Cornwallis Island in the Torres Strait, and in Papua New Guinea, Western District, in the lower Fly River region at least as far inland as Lake Daviumbo. It can also be found in the southern part of Papuan province of Indonesia. The type locality given is "Port Bowen" (Port Clinton, Queensland, Australia).
Despite its common name, many individuals are found far from water for most of the year. It is usually nocturnal, seeking shelter during the day in such things as hollow logs, riverbanks and in vegetation. The temperament for wild specimens is fairly docile and most will not attempt to bite. This is the opposite to captive bred specimens which are known for their defensive nature. While a good portion will settle with age and handling, a large number remain snappy as adults. When surprised, most will attempt to flee into any available water.
An opportunistic feeder, its diet consists of a variety of vertebrates. However, a study by Madsen and Shine (1996) revealed that on the Adelaide River floodplains this species preys mainly on dusky rats (Rattus colletti).
Mating takes place in July-August, which is the middle of the dry season. This is followed by a gestation period of about a month, after which females lay an average of 12 eggs. The hatchlings emerge after 57-61 days of incubation and are each about 30 cm in length.
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- Tierney G. 2000. Liasis fuscus. James Cook University, 2001. PDF at James Cook University. Accessed 5 August 2008.
- "Liasis fuscus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 August 2008.
- Cogger, Harold G. (1999). Reptiles & amphibians of Australia (6th ed. ed.). Sydney: Reed New Holland. p. 606. ISBN 1876334339.
- IUCN Red List - Liasis fuscus