Liawenee

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Liawenee
Tasmania
Liawenee is located in Tasmania
Liawenee
Liawenee
Coordinates 41°53′58.92″S 146°40′9.84″E / 41.8997000°S 146.6694000°E / -41.8997000; 146.6694000Coordinates: 41°53′58.92″S 146°40′9.84″E / 41.8997000°S 146.6694000°E / -41.8997000; 146.6694000
Established 11 June 1920
Postcode(s) 7030
Elevation 1,065 m (3,494 ft)
Location 122 km (76 mi) NNW [1] of Hobart
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
12.2 °C
54 °F
1.6 °C
35 °F
1,037.8 mm
40.9 in

Liawenee is a town in Tasmania, Australia built near Great Lake and the River Ouse, and was established on 11 June 1920. The town is known for its fishing at nearby Great Lake and hosts several fishing events bringing people from all over Tasmania.[2]

Origins[edit]

This photo was taken in 1920 during the early days of encampment. Most people lived in tents and there were only a few wooden, more sturdy buildings.

It was founded in June 1920[dubious ] as a camp for the workers at the nearby hydro-electric undertaking as well as some other towns such as Miena. In its humble beginnings the population consisted entirely of the workers at the hydro-electric plant and their families; the houses were wood and canvas.[3] In this time the camp boasted three cottages where married couples lived, and a so-called hospital that was only twice the size of a house making it more of a first aid clinic. The original layout included blacksmiths, bakeries and a chaff store which made up the requirements for a workforce making it a work camp rather than a village. During the Second World War the town became much larger, but settlers consisted mainly of men who were paid for their work yet could find no place to spend the money, nor a place to deliver mail.[4]

The first Liawenee Post Office opened on 1 October 1919 and closed in 1922. The second opened on 2 February 1948 but closed in 1953.[5]

Geography[edit]

Liawenee is located along the Lake highway among the central Tasmanian mountains. The mountains surrounding Liawenee include Split rock, Willow Run Hill, Headlam Hill, McDowall Hill with the latter being the tallest. It is known as the twelfth highest locality in Tasmania and the nearest beach is 100 kilometres (62 mi) west south west from Liawenee’s centre. The rough terrain suits bush-walking and mountain biking and the nearest populated area is Bracknell at 35 kilometres (22 mi) away.[6]

Climate[edit]

Owing to its high altitude location in the far south of Australia, Liawenee is one of the few places in the continent with a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc). February temperatures still range between 4 °C (39 °F) to 17 °C (63 °F) which is colder than most mainland Australian winters north of about Geraldton in Western Australia.[7] Even though their summers are cool-mild they still have the occasional day where a northerly wind blows causing temperatures to climb into the mid to high twenties but rarely into the thirties. The coldest day on record was set on 9 July 1997 where the temperature did not rise above −2.0 °C (28.4 °F). A record low of −12.1 °C (10.2 °F) was recorded at Liawenee on the morning of 9 July 2013. As a result, Liaweene is among the coldest places in Australia in terms of maximum temperature.

Days below 10 °C (50 °F) have been recorded in summer with the coldest day in summer being a mere 6 °C (43 °F) recorded on 8 January 1994.[8] The town spends an annual average of only 0.7 days above 30 °C (86 °F) and 0.1 of that over 35 °C (95 °F) but in contrast it spends a massive 210.2 days below 2 °C (36 °F) and 142.4 of that below freezing. It spends about 136 cloudy days a year which peaks in July at 15 days and drops to an average of 8 days in February, but it still has about 206 days of measurable precipitation each year. The humidity is high but the lack of warm weather means that it rarely becomes uncomfortable. The annual mean 9am humidity is 82% and the annual mean 3pm humidity is 67%.

Climate data for Liawenee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
31.6
(88.9)
29.6
(85.3)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
14.5
(58.1)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
19.2
(66.6)
25.4
(77.7)
29.5
(85.1)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
18.7
(65.7)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
9.2
(48.6)
6.2
(43.2)
5.5
(41.9)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
17.0
(62.6)
12.2
(54)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.5
(41.9)
3.7
(38.7)
2.0
(35.6)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.1
(30)
−1.5
(29.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.7
(33.3)
2.1
(35.8)
3.9
(39)
1.6
(34.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−5.0
(23)
−6.5
(20.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−10.4
(13.3)
−12.1
(10.2)
−8.0
(17.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−20.6
(−5.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 67.6
(2.661)
48.7
(1.917)
53.9
(2.122)
78.9
(3.106)
89.7
(3.531)
99.7
(3.925)
128.6
(5.063)
122.1
(4.807)
111.9
(4.406)
91.7
(3.61)
75.0
(2.953)
75.8
(2.984)
1,037.8
(40.858)
Avg. rainy days 12.9 10.2 13.4 17.1 18.8 20.3 23.0 22.5 19.9 18.5 15.8 14.3 206.7
Source: [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Information about Liawenee(7030) in Tasmania". Myboot.com.au. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  2. ^ "Liawenee Open Weekend — Fishing Tasmania". Fishingtasmania.net. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  3. ^ [1]/11477213?searchTerm=Liawenee+settlement
  4. ^ [2] The developing Tasmanian mountain towns
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  6. ^ http://maps.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=11547&d=&s=Liawenee&pg=1&m=0&c=1&x=146.67249&y=-41.89865&w=40000&mpsec=0
  7. ^ Once you are in this site Ctrl F liawenee to locate my source
  8. ^ a b "Climate statistics for Liawenee". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 July 2011.