Liberal Party (Moldova)

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Liberal Party
President Mihai Ghimpu
Founder Anatol Şalaru
Founded 5 September 1993
Headquarters Chişinău
Ideology Conservative liberalism,[1]
Liberalism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Colours Blue, Yellow
Parliament
5 / 101
District Presidents
1 / 32
Website
http://www.pl.md/
Politics of Moldova
Political parties
Elections

The Liberal Party (Romanian: Partidul Liberal, PL; Russian: Либеральная партия) is a conservative-liberal[1][2] political party in Moldova.

The president of the party is Mihai Ghimpu. His nephew Dorin Chirtoacă is its vice-president.

History[edit]

The party was established under the name Party of Reform (PR) in 1993, by Anatol Şalaru. In 1997 Mihai Ghimpu was elected chairman. Until April 2005, the party had a Christian democratic electoral platform.[3] Competing in the parliamentary elections of 1994, 1998 and 2001, PR failed to enter parliament, as its results of 2.36%, 0.54% and 0.67%, respectively, failed to meet the electoral threshold of 5%.

Rise and governing[edit]

On the second congress of PR, held on 24 April 2005, the party members decided to change the name to the Liberal Party (PL), adopting its new status, programme and logo, which presented a liberal political platform. Mihai Ghimpu was elected president of the new party. PL was competing in the parliamentary elections of 2009, obtaining 13.13% of popular votes and a total of 15 deputies. However, after the second parliamentary elections of 2009, the popular votes riced to 14.68%, with 15 deputies.

As a consequence of the second parliamentary election of 2009, held on 29 July, PL signed with Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM), Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM) and Our Moldova Alliance (AMN), the protocol of Alliance for European Integration. The party was included in the government of Vlad Filat. Competing in the parliamentary elections of 2010, PL obtains 9.96% of the popular vote and a total of 12 deputies. The party remained in the second government formed by Filat. The European Action Movement (Romanian: Mişcarea Acţiunea Europeană, MAE) merged into the party in March 2011.[4]

Structure progresses[edit]

Under the leadership of Ghimpu, PL has exceeded the former Christian Democratic orientation. On 25 January 2009, the Conference for the constitution of the Women's wing of Liberal Party to republican level was held. Also, the party formed the Club of the Liberal Teenagers, who opted to the right of vote from the age of 16 years. PL joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE) as an observer member.

Internal split[edit]

In 2013 the party suffered an internal split. On 8 May 2013 the Liberal Party Reform Council was launched, with Ion Hadârcă as party president.[5] The members of this Council were called by the media "Liberal Reformers". The internal split deepened when the Liberal Reformers joined the Pro-European Coalition, formed after the dissolution of the Alliance for European Integration, remaining on the government, and the official lead of the party falled in opposition.

Electoral results[edit]

In 1998 polls, the party obtained only 0.54% and failed to pass the electoral threshold of 4%. The Party of Reform didn't participate in 2001 polls and 2005 polls.

In the local elections of 2007 the party gained 18.31% in Chişinău municipality and 11 seats in the Chişinău Municipal Council. Its vice-president, Chirtoacă, became the Mayor of Chişinău.

2009 elections[edit]

The party obtained 13.13% of the votes at the Moldovan parliamentary election, April 2009, equating to 15 out of 101 MPs. At the elections called in July later that same year the Liberal Party obtained 14.68% of the national vote and 15 out of 101 MPs maintaining its representation in parliament of 15 MPs and increasing its percentage of the national vote by 1.6%.

After the July 2009 parliamentary election, the party became a political force within the Alliance for European Integration along with the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, Democratic Party of Moldova and Party Alliance Our Moldova.

Results since 1994
(year links to election page)
Polls Type of Election Votes % MPs
1994
Parliament
41,980
2.36
0
1998
Parliament
8,844
0.54
0
2001
Parliament
0
0
0
2005
Parliament
0
0
0
2009 (April)
Parliament
201,879
13.13
15
2009 (July)
Parliament
232,108
14.68
15
2010
Parliament
171,445
9.96
12

Notable members[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]