Liberalism and radicalism in Switzerland

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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Switzerland. It is limited to liberal and radical parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Introduction[edit]

In the nineteenth century radicalism of Freisinn became the dominant political force, which it remained for long times in the twentieth century. Both the major Free Democratic Party of Switzerland (Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei der Schweiz/Parti Radical-Démocratique Suisse, member LI), ELDR and the minor Liberal Party of Switzerland (Liberale Partei der Schweiz//Parti Libéral Suisse, member LI) are right of center liberal parties.

The timeline[edit]

Regeneration[edit]

From Liberal Democrats to Liberal Party of Switzerland[edit]

Free Democratic Party of Switzerland[edit]

  • 1894: The Radicals or in German Freisinn, dominant factor in Swiss politics, established as party the Free Democratic Party of Switzerland (Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei der Schweiz/Parti Radical-Démocratique Suisse)
  • 1896: A faction formed the ⇒ Extreme Left
  • 1918: A conservative faction seceded as the Farmers', Traders' and Citizens' Party
  • 1941: The Zürich branch joined the ⇒ Democratic Party of Switzerland
  • 1971: The Zürich branch of the ⇒ Democratic Party of Switzerland joined the party

From Extreme Left to Democratic Party of Switzerland[edit]

  • 1896: The left wing of the ⇒ Free Democratic Party of Switzerland established the Extreme Left (Äußerste Linke)
  • 1905: The Extreme Left organised itself as the social liberal Democratic Party of Switzerland (Demokratische Partei der Schweiz)
  • 1941: A Zürich faction of the ⇒ Free Democratic Party of Switzerland joined the party
  • 1971: The Zürich branch of the party returned to the ⇒ Free Democratic Party of Switzerland, the Glarus and Grisons branches merged into the Swiss People's Party

Alliance of Independents[edit]

Liberal leaders[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]