This article gives an overview of liberal parties in Brazil. It is limited to liberalparties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.
Liberalism was organized in Brazil since 1831 in a traditional way as the opposition to conservatism. With the republican revolution of 1889 organized liberalism disappeared. Some liberal parties were founded in twentieth century. Since 1966 liberalism was best represented by the Democratic Movement. After multi-partism became a fact, more parties labeled themselves as liberal, but the word was also used by moderate conservative forces. At the moment three parties name themselves liberal, but the Party of the Liberal Front (Partido da Frente Liberal) is a conservative party, member of the International Democrat Union. The Liberal party (Partido Liberal) and the Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal) can be considered liberal parties. The centrist Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) takes a liberal position the spectrum.
1831: In resistance to the imperial regime liberals formed in 1831 the Liberal Party (Partido Liberal), loosely connected to the urban petty bourgeoisie. It became the leading progressive party during the monarchy.
1863: A left wing faction forms the ⇒ Progressive Party.
1868: The Progressive Party reunited with the party.
1869: A left wing faction formed the ⇒ New Liberal Party.
1882: A new Progressive Party is formed.
1889: After the fall of the monarchy the party disappeared.
1966: The military government allowed in a bi-partisan system the formation of a democratic opposition party, the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Movimento Democrático Brasileiro). In this party liberals are united with social democrats, socialists and right leaning opponents of the rightist military government. The party is led by Oscar Passos, Pedroso Horta (since 1970) and Ullyses Guimarães.