Liberation Music Orchestra
- For the band's eponymous debut album, see: Liberation Music Orchestra (album)
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The Liberation Music Orchestra is a large jazz ensemble led by US-American jazz bassist Charlie Haden. The ensemble has been an occasional operation, with shifting personnel. Aside from Charlie Haden, composer and arranger Carla Bley has had a great impact on the ensemble as she composed and arranged many of the group's works. The ensemble's music was very experimental in its earlier decades. Through Bley's arranging, the performances have concentrated on a wide palette of brass instruments, including tuba, French horn, and trombone, in addition to the more standard trumpet and reed section.
The ensemble's pieces have reflected the left-wing political concerns of Charlie Haden. Examples of these concerns have been the Spanish Civil War, the Vietnam War and 1980s/1990s Central American struggles against US-backed military dictatorships. The ensemble has explored the realms of free jazz and political music at the same time; specifically, the ensemble's first, self-titled album focused on the Spanish Civil War. The Liberation Music Orchestra's 1983 album The Ballad of the Fallen commented again on the Spanish Civil War as well as the political instability and US involvement in Central America. In 1990 the orchestra returned with Dream Keeper, a more heterogeneous album which drew on American gospel music and South African music to comment on politics in Latin America and apartheid in South Africa. The album featured choral contributions from the Oakland Youth Chorus.
In 2005, Haden reconvened his Liberation Music Orchestra, with largely new members, for a new album, released on Verve Records, called Not In Our Name. The album dealt primarily with the contemporary political situation in the United States, and was the first appearance of the orchestra since 1990's Dream Keeper.
Aside from Bley and Haden, members have included Gato Barbieri, Sam Brown, Chris Cheek, Don Cherry, Curtis Fowlkes, Sharon Freeman, Mick Goodrick, Michael Mantler, Paul Motian, Amina Claudine Myers, Jim Pepper, Dewey Redman, Perry Robinson, Roswell Rudd and Miguel Zenón.
- Liberation Music Orchestra (1969), Impulse!
- Ballad of the Fallen (1983), ECM
- The Montreal Tapes: Liberation Music Orchestra (1999), Verve – recorded live on July 8, 1989
- Dream Keeper (1990), Blue Note
- Not in Our Name (2005), Verve
- Charlie Haden biography at Allmusic.com