Liberation of Smyrna

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Liberation of Smyrna
Part of Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
KiMOiG.jpg
The entry of the Turkish Army into Izmir. (77 cm × 53 cm, Museum of Ataturk and the War of Independence Museum)
Date 9 September 1922
Location Smyrna, Ottoman Empire
Result Decisive Turkish Victory
Belligerents
Grand National Assembly Kingdom of Greece Greece
Commanders and leaders
Fahrettin Altay Kingdom of Greece Aristidis Stergiadis
Strength
40,000 (Smyrna's Defense, 4 divisions)[1]

The Liberation of Smyrna (Turkish: İzmir'in Kurtuluşu) was the final phase of the Great Smyrna Offensive and last conflict of the Turkish Independence War.[1] After the Turkish Army inflicted heavy losses on the Greek Army at Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922, Greek forces were constantly retreating towards Smyrna as the Turkish Army's westward advance continued. On 9 September 1922, the Turkish Army entered Smyrna from the east (Kemalpaşa).

Republican People's Party[edit]

In 1923, the Republican People's Party was founded by Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk). He chose 9th of September as the establishment date of his party as a reminder of the liberation of İzmir. September 9th is now considered a local holiday commemorating the Liberation of İzmir in the Province of Izmir, Turkey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Greeks surrender Smyrna to Turks after shell fire, New York Times, published September 10, 1922.