Liberec Region

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Liberec Region
Liberecký kraj
Region
Skyline of Liberec Region
Flag of Liberec Region
Flag
Coat of arms of Liberec Region
Coat of arms
Liberecký kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 50°42′36″N 15°0′0″E / 50.71000°N 15.00000°E / 50.71000; 15.00000Coordinates: 50°42′36″N 15°0′0″E / 50.71000°N 15.00000°E / 50.71000; 15.00000
Country Czech Republic
Capital Liberec
Districts Frýdlant, Jablonec nad Nisou, Jilemnice, Liberec, Nový Bor, Semily, Tanvald, Turnov, Železný Brod
Government
 • Hejtman Martin Půta (2012–)
Area
 • Total 3,162.93 km2 (1,221.21 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,435 m (4,708 ft)
Population (01/2012)
 • Total 438,600
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-LI
Vehicle registration L
Website www.kraj-lbc.cz

Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Liberec. The region shares international borders with Germany and Poland. Domestically the region borders the Ústí nad Labem Region to the west, the Central Bohemian Region to the south and the Hradec Králové Region to the east.

Cities and towns[edit]

The largest cities in Liberec region include:

Physical geography[edit]

The region's landscape includes the Jizera Mountains, part of the Krkonoše Mountains and part of the Lusatian Mountains.[1]

The region was affected by flash floods in August 2010, with swelling of the river Smědá being one of the factors to prompt evacuation efforts in the region.[2]

Demography[edit]

As of 1 January 2012 the population of the Liberec Region was 438,600[3] with 214,983 males and 223,617 females, accounting for 49.0% and 51.0% of the population respectively.[3]

Local government[edit]

Districts of Liberec

The Liberec Region has four districts, namely: Česká Lípa District, Jablonec nad Nisou District, Liberec District and Semily District.[3] At a lower level, the region has 215 municipalities, comprising 65 in the Semily District, 59 in the Jablonec nad Nisou District, 57 in the Česká Lípa District and 34 in the Liberec District.[4]

Economy[edit]

The Liberec Region hosts manufacturing, glassmaking, mechanical engineering and jewellery production industries among others.[1] The region is part of the so-called Black Triangle, an area of heavy industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic.[5]

Culture[edit]

Ještěd Tower

The Liberec Region is home to 11 national cultural monuments including Bezděz Castle, Dlaskův statek in Dolánky u Turnova and the Ještěd Tower which transmits television signals as well as being a hotel.[6] 2013 saw the proposal of an additional two sites to the list, those being a glass grinding plant in Harrachov dating from 1895 and the Janatův Mlýn watermill in Buřany, part of which remains from 1767.[6]

A Neolithic site dating to around 4,500 BC was uncovered in 2007 near the village of Příšovice.[7]

Lake Mácha near the town of Doksy is an important regional centre for leisure, attracting around 30,000 visitors annually.[8] The vicinity of the lake has a caravan park and hosts an annual music festival called Mácháč, which was attended by approximately 8,000 people in 2013.[8][9]

Transport[edit]

The region lacks any motorways.[10] The region is linked to Prague by the R10 expressway, which terminates in the town of Turnov. The length of operated railway lines in the region is 551 km (342 mi).[10] Three airports are in the region; Hradčany Airport, a disused military airport near the town of Ralsko, is the most significant. Other minor airports exist in Česká Lípa and Hodkovice nad Mohelkou.

Education[edit]

The region is home to the public Technical University of Liberec, which was founded in 1953. The university, which originally specialised in Mechanical and Textile Engineering, added a further four faculties in the 1990s, namely those specialising in Education, Economy, Architecture and Mechatronics.[11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]