During the sessions of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, prosecutors claimed that Charles Taylor had actively participated in directing from Liberia the strategies of the Revolutionary United Front, a rebel group in Sierra Leone; among the allegations was that he had arranged to transport RUF commanders to Monrovia to meet with them personally.
Sierra Leone was the destination for more than 40,000 Liberian refugees who fled during the First and Second Liberian Civil Wars. Eight camps were set up in Sierra Leone's Kenema District in its Eastern Province. Following the end of the wars, a repatriation campaign was started by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to return Liberians home. Instead of returning to Liberia, several thousand refugees opted to integrate into the Sierra Leonean communities they had fled to. In June 2007, Bo Waterside, a border crossing, reopened. It closed in 1990 after Taylor invaded Liberia and took over the Liberian government. It was heralded by Liberia as a sign of improving relations and a boost for bilateral trade, because it shortened the traveling distance between Monrovia and Freetown.