Libertad Lamarque

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Lamarque and the second or maternal family name is Bouza.
Libertad Lamarque
Libertad Lamarque.jpg
Born Libertad Lamarque Bouza
(1908-11-24)November 24, 1908
Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Died December 12, 2000(2000-12-12) (aged 92)
Mexico City, Mexico
Cause of death
Heart attack
Nationality  Argentinean
 Mexican
Other names La Novia de América
The Queen of Melodramas
Doña Liber
La Reina del Tango
La Señora de la Lágrima
Occupation Actress, singer
Years active 1930-2000
Spouse(s) Emilio Romero (1926-1935)
Alfredo Malerba (1945-1994) (his death)
Children Mirtha Romero Lamarque de de Luca (b. 1927)
Parents Gaudencio Lamarque (deceased)
Josefa "Pepa" Bouza (deceased)
Relatives Had 6 grandchildren, 10 great-grandchildren until her death, and one great-great-grandson born after her death
Awards Golden Ariel Award 2000

Libertad Lamarque (Spanish pronunciation: [liβerˈtað laˈmarke]; November 24, 1908 – December 12, 2000) was an Argentinean actress and singer. Originally from Argentina, she reached fame throughout Latin America while living in Mexico and working in Mexican cinema.

Career[edit]

Lamarque started acting professionally at only seven years old. Her family later moved to Buenos Aires in 1922, where she worked in theatre, and years later recorded her first tango LP, with great success. She filmed Adiós, Argentina in 1930, and the first Argentine film with sound ¡Tango! in 1933. Lamarque was a light soprano with a vocal range from approximately middle C (C4) to "high A" (A5). She was the first singer to be recorded for a sound film in Argentina.

Her fame crossed the borders of Argentina and grew throughout Latin America where she became known as La Novia de América (“The Sweetheart of the Americas”). By the time she died in 2000, she had appeared in 65 films (21 filmed in Argentina, 45 in Mexico and one in Spain) and six soap operas, had recorded over 800 songs and had made innumerable theatrical appearances. Even today her memory is revered and she is fondly remembered in all Spanish speaking Americas.

Legend has it that Lamarque left Argentina because she had been blacklisted by Argentina's first lady Eva Perón. Marysa Navarro and Nicholas Frasier, authors of Evita: The Real Life of Eva Perón (ISBN 978-0-7366-3838-8), however, say that this is not likely. Rather, say the authors, Lamarque moved to Mexico, where she was already adored by the audiences, because the Mexican cinema was in a better state during the 1940s and ’50s than was the Argentine cinema. The authors also point out that Lamarque traveled freely between Argentina and Mexico during the lifetime of Eva Perón and beyond, which does not support the blacklisting legend.

Lamarque herself denied during her lifetime certain aspects of the legend, especially the reports that she had slapped Eva on the set of La cabalgata del circo (1945). In her 1986 autobiography she flatly denied the allegations and explained that she was simply mortified by Eva's lack of discipline during production of the film. "She was constantly late"—wrote Lamarque—"and we all had to wait for hours, dressed in these uncomfortable period costumes, but sometimes she wouldn't even show up". Lamarque, who was the star of the film, complained bitterly to the director but "to no avail" —she remembered— "Eva did as she pleased and she had everyone charmed, even the director." After completion of the film Libertad went on tour and was offered a starring role in "Gran Casino" in Mexico. She struck a deal with the producers in which she declined payment for her work in exchange for the rights of the film's distribution in Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. Back in Buenos Aires, Libertad could not get any theatre to show her film. She also noticed that former friends were now avoiding her and that the printed media was ignoring her. By now Evita Peron was firmly established in the Casa Rosada, the Presidential palace, and somebody told Lamarque "confidentially" that the ban came from there. Lamarque and her husband took their case directly to Eva who received the complaints gracefully and denied any involvement.

However, time passed and Lamarque films went unreleased, her recordings went unplayed on the radio and her face did not appear in any magazines. This is when the actress-singer decided to settle in Mexico and avoided visiting her homeland except for infrequent family visits. Lamarque was never formally persecuted or threatened by the Perón regime but was simply "non existent". She never worked in Argentina while the Peróns were in power and her countrymen were never officially informed of how important she was in Latin American show business.

Filmography[edit]

Eva Perón & Libertad Lamarque in film La cabalgata del circo (1945).
Lamarque she work for the RCA Victor for seventy years.

Films in Mexico

  • Gran Casino - 1946
  • Soledad - 1947
  • La dama del Velo - 1948 ... Andrea del Monte
  • Otra primavera - 1949 ... Amelia
  • La marquesa del barrio - 1950 ... Cristina Payares/La Marquesa
  • Huellas del pasado - 1950
  • Te sigo esperando - 1951 ... Elena Montenegro
  • La loca - 1951 ... Elena Prim viuda de Villaseñor
  • La mujer sin lágrimas - 1951 ... Consuelo
  • Ansiedad - 1952 ... María de Lara
  • Nunca es tarde para amar - 1952 ... Malisa Morales
  • Acuérdate de vivir - 1952 ... Yolanda
  • Rostros olvidados - 1952 ... Rosario Velazquez
  • Si volvieras a mi - 1953 ... Alejandra
  • Cuando me vaya - 1953 ... María Grever
  • La Infame - 1953 ... Cristina Ferrán
  • Reportaje - 1953
  • La mujer X - 1954
  • Bodas de oro - 1955
  • Música de siempre - 1955
  • Historia de un amor - 1955 ...Elena Ramos
  • Escuela de música - 1955 ... Laura Galván
  • Bambalinas - 1956
  • Mis padres se divorcian - 1957 ... Diana Váldes
  • Cuatro copas - 1957 ... Eugenia Pavel
  • La mujer que no tuvo infancia - 1957 ... Rosaura
  • Sabrás que te quiero - 1958 ... Amelia Rey/Mónica/Gabriela
  • Amor en la sombra - 1959 ... Claudia
  • Yo, pecador - 1959 ... Doña Virginia
  • El pecado de una madre - 1960 ... Ana María
  • La cigüeña dijo sí - 1960
  • El cielo y la tierra - 1962 ... Sor Lucero/Sister María de la Luz
  • Canción del alma - 1963 ... María Maragón
  • Los hijos que yo soñé - 1964 ... Mariana
  • Canta mi corazón - 1964 ... Luisa Lamas
  • Arrullo de Dios - 1966 ... Luz
  • El hijo pródigo - 1968 ... Alegría Román
  • Rosas blancas para mi hermana negra - 1969 ... Laura
  • Hoy he soñado con Dios - 1971 ... Lina Alonso
  • La loca de los milagros - 1973 ... Aurora Durban
  • Negro es un bello color - 1973 ... Eugenia

Films in Argentina

  • Adiós, Argentina - 1930 ... Bride of Homeless
  • ¡Tango! - 1933 ... Elena
  • El alma del bandoneón - 1935 ... Elda
  • Ayúdame a vivir - 1936 ... Luisita
  • La ley que olvidaron - 1937 ... María
  • Madreselva - 1938
  • Besos brujos - 1938
  • Caminito de gloria - 1939
  • Puerta cerrada - 1939 ... Nina Miranda
  • Cita en la frontera - 1940
  • La casa del recuerdo - 1940
  • Una vez en la vida - 1941
  • Eclipse de sol - 1942
  • En el viejo Buenos Aires - 1942
  • Yo conocí a esa mujer - 1942
  • El fin de la noche - 1944 ... Lola Morel
  • La cabalgata del circo - 1945 ... Nita
  • Romance musical - 1947
  • Creo en ti - 1960
  • La sonrisa de mamá - 1972 ... Angéloca Zamora
  • La mamá de la novia - 1978

Films in Spain

  • Bello recuerdo/Así era mi madre - 1961 ... Lucy

Telenovelas[edit]

  • Esmeralda - 1970 ... Sister Piedad
  • Mamá - 1975 ... Soledad
  • Soledad - 1981 ... Soledad González/Cristina Palermo
  • Amada - 1983 ... Amada
  • La Usurpadora - 1998 ... Grandmother Piedad Bracho
  • Carita de Ángel - 2000 ... Mother Superior Piedad de la luz

External links[edit]