Liberty (goddess)

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This article is about goddesses who represent Liberty. For the statue created during the Tiananmen Square protests, see Goddess of Democracy. For other uses, see Goddess of Liberty.
Not to be confused with Lady Liberty.

Goddesses named for and representing the concept Liberty have existed in many cultures, including classical examples dating from the Roman Empire and some national symbols such as the British "Britannia", the French "Marianne", or the Irish "Kathleen Ni Houlihan".

Classical examples[edit]

Denarius (42 BC) issued by Cassius Longinus and Lentulus Spinther, depicting the crowned head of Libertas, with a sacrificial jug and Lituus on the reverse

The ancient Roman goddess Libertas was honored during the second Punic War by a temple erected on the Aventine Hill in Rome by the father of Tiberius Gracchus. A statue in her honor was also raised by Clodius on the site of Marcus Tullius Cicero's house after it had been razed. The figure also resembles Sol Invictus, the Roman god of sun.

Neoclassical references[edit]

In 1793, during the French Revolution, the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral was turned into a "Cult of Reason" and for a time "Lady Liberty" replaced the Virgin Mary on several altars.

National embodiments of Liberty include Britannia in the United Kingdom, "Liberty Enlightening the World," commonly known as the Statue of Liberty[1] in the United States of America, and Marianne in France.

Embodiments of the goddess Liberty in the United States of America include Columbia, who is yet another personification of the goddess Liberty.

Depictions in the United States[edit]

One of the 200 Lady Liberty statues donated by the Boy Scouts of America is located on Michigan’s Mackinac Island in historic Haldimand Bay

In the United States, "Liberty" is often depicted with the five-pointed American stars, usually on a raised hand. Another hand may hold a sword downward. Depictions familiar to Americans include the following:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Also known as "Lady Liberty," or "Goddess of Liberty"
  2. ^ "Places We Call Home: Hackensack, N.J.". FDU Magazine. Fall 2001. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 

External links[edit]