Liberty (goddess)

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This article is about goddesses who represent Liberty. For the statue created during the Tiananmen Square protests, see Goddess of Democracy. For other uses, see Goddess of Liberty.

Goddesses named for and representing the concept Liberty have existed in many cultures, including classical examples dating from the Roman Empire and national symbols such as the American Columbia and its Statue of Liberty - an artwork created under the name 'Liberty Enlightening the World' - and the French Marianne.

Classical examples[edit]

Denarius (42 BC) issued by Cassius Longinus and Lentulus Spinther, depicting the crowned head of Libertas, with a sacrificial jug and Lituus on the reverse

The ancient Roman goddess Libertas was honored during the second Punic War by a temple erected on the Aventine Hill in Rome by the father of Tiberius Gracchus. A statue in her honor was also raised by Clodius on the site of Marcus Tullius Cicero's house after it had been razed. The figure also resembles Sol Invictus, the Roman god of sun.

Neoclassical references[edit]

In 1793, during the French Revolution, the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral was turned into a "Cult of Reason" and for a time "Lady Liberty" replaced the Virgin Mary on several altars.

Depictions in the United States[edit]

One of the 200 Lady Liberty statues donated by the Boy Scouts of America is located on Michigan’s Mackinac Island in historic Haldimand Bay

In the United States, "Liberty" is often depicted with the five-pointed American stars, usually on a raised hand. Another hand may hold a sword downward. Depictions familiar to Americans include the following:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Places We Call Home: Hackensack, N.J.". FDU Magazine. Fall 2001. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 

External links[edit]