|Traded as||NASDAQ: QVCA, QVCB, LVNTA, LVNTB,
NASDAQ-100 Components (QVCA and LVNTA)
|Industry||Media holding company|
|Founded||Spin-off from Liberty Media|
|Headquarters||Douglas County, Colorado, United States|
|Key people|| • John C. Malone, Chairman
• Gregory B. Maffei, President and Chief Executive Officer
|Revenue||US$ 10.982 billion (2010)|
|Operating income||US$ 1.303 billion (2010)|
|Net income||US$ 1.892 billion (2010)|
|Total assets||US$ 26.600 billion (2010)|
|Total equity||US$ 11.442 billion (2010)|
|Employees||Company and subsidiaries:
24,000 (December 2010)
|Divisions||List of divisions|
Liberty Interactive Corporation (NASDAQ: QVCA, QVCB, LVNTA and LVNTB), commonly referred to as Liberty Interactive, is an American media conglomerate controlled by company Chairman John C. Malone, who owns a majority of the voting shares. It created a tracking stock for Liberty Ventures, which trades on the Nasdaq under the symbols LVNTA and LVNTB, on August 10, 2012
Liberty Interactive was originally a division of Liberty Media; on September 28, 1998, Liberty Media announced the formation of Liberty Interactive, a division which would take advantage of new technologies such as set-top boxes to develop interactive programming. The company would own eighty-six percent of TCI Music Inc. (NASDAQ symbol: TUNE/TUNEP). As of January 1, 1999, E! Entertainment President and Chief Executive Officer Lee Masters would become the new company's CEO, and Bruce Ravenel would be Chief Technology Officer.
On September 10, 1999, Liberty Media Group renamed TCI Music to Liberty Digital Inc. (NASDAQ symbol: LDIG), with the new company trading on NASDAQ's National Market tier, after Liberty Media traded most of its Internet content, interactive television assets, and rights to provide AT&T's cable systems with interactive services, plus cash and notes valued at $150 million, for TCI Music stock. Masters, who became Liberty Digital's CEO, told The Wall Street Journal that the new company had a value of $1 billion, $650 million of that from the interactive unit of Liberty Media, which had also used the name Liberty Digital. Liberty Digital lost $244 million with revenue of $66 million in 1999, thanks to investments in struggling Internet businesses homegrocer.com, drugstore.com, TiVo and iVillage. The company bought half of the Game Show Network because of its interactive features.
On December 17, 1999, TCI Satellite Entertainment Inc. (TSAT), based in Englewood, Colorado, announced that Liberty Media was trading its interest in Sprint PCS for $300 million in TCI Satellite preferred stock. A new company, ninety percent owned by Liberty Media and ten percent owned by TCI Satellite, would combine the satellite-related businesses and take advantage of the growing area of Internet content. Liberty Media president and CEO Robert R. Bennett said the deal would benefit stockholders of both companies.
Liberty Media's Discovery Channel, News Corporation and QVC continued to do well, but the company's newer projects had problems, and the company's stock price dropped by half. Malone no longer had the "Malone halo" he once did. If AT&T agreed to spin off Liberty Media, new deals such as a possible News Corp. purchase of DirecTV would be easier because AT&T would no longer require federal approval to complete such deals.
Liberty Media was spun off from AT&T on August 10, 2001. This was one of three possible actions to ensure federal approval of AT&T's $54 billion acquisition of MediaOne Group – the others were selling its 25.5 percent share of Time Warner Entertainment and dropping 11.8 million cable customers.
Also in 2001, Liberty Media acquired the remainder of Liberty Digital and Liberty Satellite & Technology (formerly TCI Satellite). Both companies were independent spinoffs of TCI, though Liberty already owned ninety percent of both companies after the exchange for Sprint PCS stock. Being independent increased their asset values, but the stock prices of both dropped, negating any benefits.
Liberty Media subsequently spent $5 billion on nine German regional cable networks. Apart from television distribution it holds major interests in other groups. For example, it was the largest shareholder in News Corporation (though the founding Murdoch family owns more voting shares), and had a four percent stake in Time Warner. As of December 2003, it had never paid a dividend.
In June 2005, Liberty Media International combined with UnitedGlobalCom, creating Liberty Global.
On May 16, 2006, IDT sold its IDT Entertainment division to Liberty Media "for all of Liberty Media's interests in IDT, $186 million in cash and the assumption of existing indebtedness". IDT Entertainment's assets and Starz Entertainment Group's line of premium television channels will combine to produce content for all distribution platforms.
Liberty negotiated an asset swap with News Corp. and Time Warner that would give it control of DirecTV and the Atlanta Braves baseball team. On February 12, 2007, the deal was completed with Time Warner wherein Liberty would receive the Atlanta Braves, a group of craft magazines and $1 billion in cash in exchange for 60 million shares of Time Warner stock (valued at $1.27 billion as of market close on February 12, 2007). The deal was approved by Major League Baseball and then completed on May 16, 2007. On February 20, 2008, the Federal Communications Commission approved the exchange of 16.3 percent of News Corp. for 38.4 percent of DirecTV, an $11 billion deal that also gave Liberty sports networks in Denver, Pittsburgh and Seattle plus $550 million in cash.
In April 2007, Liberty completed a purchase of Green Bay, Wisconsin, television station WFRV-TV, and satellite station WJMN-TV in Escanaba, Michigan, which serves the Marquette, Michigan, market. The deal was part of a swap of 7.59 million shares of common stock in CBS, the stations' owner, that was held by Liberty Media; in exchange for the stock, CBS gave liberty the stations and $170 million in cash. Liberty announced plans in April 2011 to sell WFRV and WJMN to Nexstar Broadcasting Group for $20 million; the stations were the only over-the-air broadcast properties in Liberty's portfolio.
On February 17, 2009, Liberty announced that it would invest up to $530 million into the struggling Sirius XM Radio Inc., in a structured deal that would help the satellite radio provider avoid filing bankruptcy protection by meeting its obligations. The deal also provided for two board seats for Liberty Media, and provided cash for operations and development, with a maturity date of December 2012 for the loan. On March 6, the two companies approved the second part of the deal, with Sirius XM getting $250 million immediately and Liberty receiving 12.5 million shares of preferred stock convertible into a forty percent ownership of Sirius XM common stock.
In June 2011, Liberty announced it was in talks to buy a seventy percent stake in the Barnes & Noble bookstore chain, although in August, sources told the Financial Times it was losing interest in such a transaction. Liberty eventually purchased a sixteen percent stake in the form of preferred stock in Barnes & Noble for $204 million.
On August 8, 2012, Liberty Media announced that they will spin-off Starz into a separate publicly traded company.
In October 2014, Liberty Interactive announced its board had approved the division of the firm into two trading stocks – one for its shopping business, QVC Group, and another for its digital commerce, Liberty Digital Commerce.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2010)|
and interests in:
Liberty Interactive is a prominent investor. In addition to its own offerings, the company also owns the stock of several major media and telecommunication companies. As of September 1, 2011, primarily through Liberty Capital unless noted, Liberty has assets of the following companies not listed above:
- The postal designation of Englewood, a city in neighboring Arapahoe County, is used in the company’s mailing address.
- "2010 Form 10-K, Liberty Interactive Corporation". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- . (via PR Newswire). Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- . (via PR Newswire). Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- . internetnews.com. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- Doan, Amy (August 26, 2000). "Liberty Is Sweet on Interactive TV". Forbes. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- . (via PR Newswire). Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- Colman, Price (November 26, 2000). "No Triumph for Liberty: What Went Wrong and How Bennett and Malone Expect To Make It Right". Broadcasting & Cable. p. D-7. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- Farrell, Mike (June 18, 2001). "AT&T To Spin Off Liberty Aug. 10". Multichannel News. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- "AT&T To Spin Off Liberty". CNNMoney.com. November 15, 2001. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- [dead link] Alleyne, Llanor (October 16, 2001). "Liberty Absorbing Digital, Satellite Units". Broadcasting & Cable.
- "Gates Stake Lifts Liberty Satellite". Multichannel News. April 22, 2001. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- "Time Warner Takes Control of Court TV". CNNMoney.com. May 12, 2006. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- . IDT Corporation. Retrieved January 2, 2009.
- Lieberman, David (December 26, 2006). "Liberty Media Deals for DirecTV". USA Today.
- Blum, Ronald (February 13, 2007). "Time Warner Reaches Deal to Sell Braves". The Washington Post.
- . Time Warner. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- Hearn, Ted (February 25, 2008). "Liberty Media Completes DirecTV Buyout". Multichannel News. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- . CBS Corporation. Retrieved January 2, 2009.
- "Nexstar To Acquire CBS Affiliates WFRV, WJMN for $20 Mil". Broadcasting & Cable. April 7, 2011.
- . CNBC.
- "Fortune 500 2011: Top 500 American Companies – Liberty Media – LCAPA – Fortune on CNNMoney.com". CNNMoney.com. 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "New York Deadline" Liberty Media Says It Will Spin Off Starz deadline.com, Retrieved on August 8, 2012
- "Liberty Interactive splits into cable shopping, e-commerce groups" (Press release). Reuters. 6 October 2014.
- List of Liberty Media assets.
- libertyinteractive.com, company's official website
- Yahoo! – Liberty Interactive Corporation Company Profile