Liberty Mutual

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Liberty Mutual Group
Industry Insurance
Founded 1912
Headquarters 175 Berkeley Street, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Area served
Key people
David H. Long (CEO)
Services Property and Casualty Insurance
Revenue Increase $38.5 billion[1]
Number of employees
Increase Over 50,000 (2013)[1]

Liberty Mutual Group, more commonly known by the name of its primary line of business, Liberty Mutual Insurance, is an American diversified global insurer and the third-largest property and casualty insurer in the United States based on 2013 Property and Casualty direct written premium as reported by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. It ranks 76th on the Fortune 100 list of largest corporations in the United States based on 2013 revenue.[2] Based in Boston, Massachusetts, it employs over 50,000 people in more than 900 locations throughout the world. As of December 31, 2013, Liberty Mutual Insurance had $121.2 billion in consolidated assets, $102.2 billion in consolidated liabilities, and $38.5 billion in annual consolidated revenue.[1][3] The company, founded in 1912, offers a wide range of insurance products and services, including personal automobile, homeowners, workers' compensation, commercial multiple peril, commercial automobile, general liability, global specialty, group disability, fire and surety.[4][5]

Liberty Mutual Insurance corporate headquarters at 175 Berkeley Street, Boston

Liberty Mutual Group owns, wholly or in part, local insurance companies in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China (including Hong Kong), Colombia, Ecuador, India, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Venezuela and Vietnam.

In the United States, Liberty Mutual remains a mutual company where policyholders holding contracts for insurance are considered shareholders in the company. However, Liberty Mutual Group's brand usually operates as a separate entity outside the United States. In other countries, subsidiaries are often created in countries where legally recognized mutual company benefits cannot be enjoyed.

The current CEO is David H. Long. He succeeded his predecessor Edmund (Ted) F. Kelly on June 29, 2011.[6][7] Ted Kelly was appointed CEO in 1998.[8] In April 2013, Ted Kelly stepped down from the Board of Directors, as Chairman.[9]


Early history[edit]

Liberty Mutual was founded in 1912 as the Massachusetts Employees’ Insurance Association (MEIA), following passage of a Massachusetts state law requiring employers to protect their employees with workers’ compensation insurance in 1911.[10] The first branch office was opened in 1914, and later that year, the company wrote its first automobile insurance policy. The company was founded as a Massachusetts Mutual Company, where its insureds have ownership in the company. The name was changed in 1917 to the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company and, through partnerships, the company began offering full-coverage auto policies.

Structural changes[edit]

In 1964, Liberty Mutual Insurance Company began offering life insurance through its Liberty Life Assurance Branch. In 2002, the company converted into its current mutual holding company structure. The conversion was controversial, as it proposed to give policyholders an interest in the mutual insurance company, which some policyholders believed would dilute their interest in the overall company and limit their dividends.[11] A lawsuit was filed, alleging that information provided to policyholders was misleading. Liberty Mutual settled the lawsuit in December 2001, which required additional disclosure and limited certain compensation to company officers and directors.[12] Despite these concerns, the plan was approved by voting policyholders around November 2001.[13] Leveraging the greater flexibility of the mutual company structure, Liberty Mutual transformed from a single-line, highly regional insurer to one of the world's leading property and casualty insurance companies.

Growth and acquisitions[edit]

Liberty Mutual's growth has been both organic and through acquisition. Early acquisitions were small, but Liberty Mutual has made several large acquisitions over the past decade, including the high-profile acquisition of Safeco Corporation in 2008. Liberty Mutual agreed to acquire all outstanding shares of Safeco for $68.25 per share, for a total transaction price of approximately $6.2 billion. The result of this activity was an increase in revenue from $6 billion to over $30 billion in twelve years.

Liberty Mutual created a television commercial in 2006 about people doing good things for strangers, reporting that the "overwhelming" positive response they received for the ad led to their decision to create the website The Responsibility Project. [14]

Liberty Mutual is also the sole corporate sponsor of the long-running PBS documentary series, American Experience, and has produced special commercial messages for airing during American Experience broadcasts. In 2011, as part of the company's "Real America" campaign, the company introduced two new commercials featuring Sacagawea and Paul Revere.

In 2011, the company began construction of the Liberty Mutual Tower, a 22-story skyscraper as part of its World Headquarters Expansion Project.[15] The building received its certificate of occupancy in June 2013.[16]

Organizational structure[edit]

Strategic business units[edit]

Liberty Mutual conducts all of its business through four strategic business units: Personal Insurance, Commercial Insurance, Liberty International, and Global Specialty.[17]

A Liberty Mutual booth at a street fair in Andover, Massachusetts.

Personal insurance[edit]

Passenger automobile, homeowners, life, annuity, and other property and casualty insurance products are available via Liberty Mutual's Personal Insurance line. These products are branded under the Liberty Mutual Insurance and Safeco names, and are distributed via a vast network of over 2,300 sales professionals. Other distribution means are call centers, third-party producers, and the company's own website. Over 10,000 insurance agencies across the United States carry Safeco-branded products.[18]

Commercial insurance[edit]

Property and casualty, as well as group benefits commercial insurance products fall into two distinct categories: Business Insurance and National Insurance. The former caters to businesses with fewer than 1,000 employees, while the latter serves businesses in certain industries or which have greater than 1,000 employees. Group benefits products include disability insurance and group life insurance.[18]

Liberty International[edit]

Localized insurance companies sell Liberty International's products in 18 different countries and markets. International products are offered to both individual and business customers, and include property and casualty insurance, as well as health and life insurance products. The largest international product offering is passenger automobile insurance for private individuals.[18]

Global Specialty[edit]

The Global Specialty insurance line offers specialty products, such as marine, energy, aviation, professional liability, and crisis management, offered through 40 Liberty International Underwriters offices worldwide. In addition, Liberty International Underwriters provides global multi-line insurance and reinsurance written on its Lloyd's Syndicate 4472 platform. Global Specialty also includes reinsurance products offered through Liberty Mutual Reinsurance.[18]

Subsidiary companies[edit]

  • Helmsman Management Services
  • Liberty International Underwriters (LIU)
  • Liberty Mutual Surety (LMS)
  • Liberty Mutual Reinsurance (LMR)
  • Liberty Mutual Agency Corporation
    • America First Insurance
    • Colorado Casualty
    • Golden Eagle Insurance
    • Indiana Insurance
    • Liberty Mutual Surety
    • Liberty Northwest
    • Liberty SuretyFirst
    • Montgomery Insurance
    • Ohio Casualty
    • Peerless Insurance
    • Safeco
  • Peerless Insurance

Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety[edit]

Founded in 1954, the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety has studied the occupational safety and health of workers. Its scientific contributions include machine safeguarding guidelines, the Cornell-Liberty Survival Car, and ergonomic guidelines that have informed the basis for national and international safety standards. More recently, the Institute developed the Workplace Safety Index, which is an annual ranking of the leading causes of the most disabling occupational injuries in the United States.

The Institute's scientists conduct field and laboratory experiments to study the major causes of work-related injury and disability, publishing their results in peer-reviewed scientific literature. Institute findings are the basis for safety programs, recommendations, and software used by Liberty Mutual loss control consultants in order to help policyholders enhance worker safety. The Institute’s work is non-proprietary, and is available to the public.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25]


In 2012 and 2013, a series of investigative articles were published in Liberty Mutual's hometown newspaper: The Boston Globe. These reports were written by Brian McGrory who was the editor of The Boston Globe at the time. It reported issues related to excessive compensation and questionable weekend trips using the fleet of five long-range corporate jets by its executives.[26] In the investigative reporting series, as a columnist, a number of questions related to the company were discovered; among them- (all cited):

In 2006, Liberty Mutual claims employees in the Los Angeles area desired overtime pay for work and labor accomplished related to claims work. The situation escalated, and Liberty Mutual accepted a legal question which was originally in the form of four class action lawsuits filed by its own claims representatives and employees. Some questions started in 2006 in North Carolina.[27]

Questions of this particular suit, from Liberty Mutual employees, resulted from the company's desired service to a claim, versus claim outcomes. Liberty Mutual worked on specific metrics. This case provided the company with legal precedent to claims handling and ability to process claims based on values from third party information outside of claims that repair or replace property without having to view the physical property insured. As such, Liberty Mutual closed all its locations in Los Angeles, the nation's second largest insurance market, following this action at the behest of its employees.

In late 2012, the company won an appeal granting it the ability not to pay employees for work performed on an overtime basis. Pursuit was considered an award for the insurance industry as a whole.[28] In this specific case, Liberty Mutual failed to appear. Instead, they relied on an Amicus Brief filed on behalf of the US Department of Labor.[29] The Court decided, based on the Amicus Brief, that claims personnel are exempt "Administrative Employees" and not subject to overtime pay, further supporting the mutual company's goals. In late 2012, the California Supreme Court also redacted court documents.[30]

"The benefits of political friendship" provides a newspaper published report on Liberty Mutual's political ties, including ties to Deval Patrick, the current Governor of Massachusetts. This friendship is alleged to have resulted in Liberty Mutual's receipt of tax breaks in the amount of $41M.[31]

"Perspectives Can Change at Liberty Mutual" provides a newspaper published look at Liberty Mutual's claims process; where Liberty Mutual sued its own insured for filing a claim; and forced an award against Liberty Mutual. The article also disclosed that Liberty Mutual's legal team that represented the case usually paid less than half of the judgements.[32]

"Liberty Mutual: Your premiums, his premium office" provides a newspaper published account of CEO David H Long's desire to redecorate his 1,000sq foot office at a price of $4.5M. The article also discusses the need of the insurance company to have four corporate jets.[33]

"An Untimely Award" provides a newspaper published report of corporate governance at Liberty Mutual.[34]

"View from the top at Liberty Mutual" provides a newspaper published report from Boston Globe editor, Brian McGrory who was invited to the recently renovated CEO suite at Liberty Mutual.[35]

"Lots more to Liberty Mutual pay story" provides a newspaper published report of a comparative analysis of other executives' pay in Boston.[36]

"At Liberty Mutual, Accounting To No One For Executive Privileges" provides a newspaper published report and review of itineraries of the fleet of corporate jets, and executive compensation which includes "Make believe stock options". By virtue of a Mutual-Company setup, its customers own stock in the company.[37]


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  9. ^ The Boston Globe Newspaper: "Liberty Mutual's Ted Kelly Steps Down As Chairman by Taryn Luna
  10. ^
  11. ^ Rambeck R. (2001). Mutual Holding Company: A Shell Game Without the Pea. Insurance Journal.
  12. ^ Lawsuit seeks to block Liberty Mutual conversion.
  13. ^ Liberty Mutual Policyholders Vote to Approve Mutual Holding Company Plan. A.M. Best Newswire.
  14. ^
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  18. ^ a b c d
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  20. ^'s+Research+Institute+for...-a0117864358
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  26. ^ "At Liberty Mutual, accounting to no one". Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ Business Insurance: "Claims adjuster overtime ruling a win for employers"
  29. ^ US Department of Labor: Amicus Brief from Solicitor of the Department of Labor, Gregory F Jacob
  30. ^ JDSupra Law News: "California Supreme Court De-publishes Case Holding That Insurance Adjusters Are Nonexempt Employees"
  31. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: Liberty Mutual and Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick - The benefits of political friendship by Brian McGrory
  32. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: "Perspectives Can Change at Liberty Mutual" by Brian McGrory
  33. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: Liberty Mutual - Your Premiums, His Premium Office by Brian McGrory
  34. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: "An Untimely Award" by Brian McGrory
  35. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: "View From The Top" by Brian McGrory
  36. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: "Lots more to Liberty Mutual Pay Story" by Brian McGrory
  37. ^ Boston Globe Newspaper: At Liberty Mutual, Accounting To No One For Executive Privileges" by Brian McGrory

External links[edit]