Liberty Township, New Jersey

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Liberty Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Liberty
Free Union Church from Marble Hill Road
Free Union Church from Marble Hill Road
Map of Liberty Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Liberty Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Liberty Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Liberty Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′11″N 74°56′17″W / 40.86974°N 74.938064°W / 40.86974; -74.938064Coordinates: 40°52′11″N 74°56′17″W / 40.86974°N 74.938064°W / 40.86974; -74.938064[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated April 30, 1926
Government[5]
 • Type Township Committee
 • Mayor John E. Inscho (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Diane Pflugfelder[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 11.866 sq mi (30.733 km2)
 • Land 11.603 sq mi (30.051 km2)
 • Water 0.263 sq mi (0.682 km2)  2.22%
Area rank 194th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 748 ft (228 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,942
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 2,900
 • Rank 456th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 253.6/sq mi (97.9/km2)
 • Density rank 490th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 07823 - Belvidere[12] 07838 - Great Meadows[13]
07863 - Oxford[14]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3404140110[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882245[17][2]
Website www.libertytownship.org

Liberty Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 2,942,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 177 (+6.4%) from the 2,765 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 272 (+10.9%) from the 2,493 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] It is part of the eastern region of the Lehigh Valley.

Liberty Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1926, from portions of Hope Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 30, 1926.[19]

Mountain Lake (with a 2010 Census population of 575[20]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within the township.[21][22][23]

Geography[edit]

Liberty Township is located at 40°52′11″N 74°56′17″W / 40.86974°N 74.938064°W / 40.86974; -74.938064 (40.86974,-74.938064). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 11.866 square miles (30.733 km2), of which, 11.603 square miles (30.051 km2) of it is land and 0.263 square miles (0.682 km2) of it (2.22%) is water.[1][2]

Mountain Lake is over 12,000 years old and is Warren County's largest, natural, glacial lake. Mountain Lake also has an area of 122 acres (0.49 km2), maximum depth of 38 feet (12 m) and an average depth of 17 feet (5.2 m). The Mountain Lake Community Association (MLCA) oversees the Mountain Lake Watershed and helps to maintain Mountain Lake's natural habitat.[24] South of Mountain Lake is High Rock where many visitors enjoy to go for hiking and a view of the lake and surrounding areas, including the Delaware Water Gap.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 419
1940 441 5.3%
1950 529 20.0%
1960 760 43.7%
1970 1,229 61.7%
1980 1,730 40.8%
1990 2,493 44.1%
2000 2,765 10.9%
2010 2,942 6.4%
Est. 2012 2,900 [10] −1.4%
Population sources:
1930[25] 1930-1990[26]
2000[27][28] 2010[7][8][9]

The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,942 people, 1,047 households, and 789.4 families residing in the township. The population density was 253.6 per square mile (97.9 /km2). There were 1,151 housing units at an average density of 99.2 per square mile (38.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.65% (2,814) White, 1.02% (30) Black or African American, 0.20% (6) Native American, 1.50% (44) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.44% (13) from other races, and 1.19% (35) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.15% (122) of the population.[7]

There were 1,047 households, of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.21.[7]

In the township, 24.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 34.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,750 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,599) and the median family income was $87,059 (+/- $12,952). Males had a median income of $55,625 (+/- $10,748) versus $49,511 (+/- $6,823) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,946 (+/- $3,591). About 0.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,765 people, 980 households, and 750 families residing in the township. The population density was 234.3 people per square mile (90.5/km²). There were 1,088 housing units at an average density of 92.2 per square mile (35.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.40% White, 0.36% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population.[27][28]

There were 980 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.23.[27][28]

In the township the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the township was $62,535, and the median income for a family was $68,529. Males had a median income of $48,446 versus $33,529 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,743. About 2.0% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Liberty Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2013, the Liberty Township Committee consists of Mayor John E. Inscho (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Deputy Mayor John R. Fisher (R, 2013), Daniel B. Grover (R, 2013), Peter Karcher (R, 2014; serving the unexpired term of Mark A. Tibak) and Ronald W. Petersen (R, 2014).[4][30][31][32][33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Liberty Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[8][35][36] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Liberty Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[37]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are elected at-large on a staggered basis with one seat coming up for election each year. At an annual organization held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve sa Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2013, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2013) Freeholder Deputy Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015) and Freeholder Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014).[47] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[48] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[49][50] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[51]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,897 registered voters in Liberty Township, of which 386 (20.3% vs. 21.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 768 (40.5% vs. 35.3%) were registered as Republicans and 742 (39.1% vs. 43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[52] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 64.5% (vs. 62.3% in Warren County) were registered to vote, including 85.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 81.5% countywide).[52][53]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 709 votes here (59.4% vs. 56.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 447 votes (37.5% vs. 40.8%) and other candidates with 24 votes (2.0% vs. 1.7%), among the 1,193 ballots cast by the township's 1,894 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.0% (vs. 66.7% in Warren County).[54][55] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 843 votes here (57.6% vs. 55.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 585 votes (40.0% vs. 41.4%) and other candidates with 22 votes (1.5% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,463 ballots cast by the township's 1,912 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.5% (vs. 73.4% in Warren County).[56] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 909 votes here (63.4% vs. 61.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 491 votes (34.2% vs. 37.2%) and other candidates with 32 votes (2.2% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,434 ballots cast by the township's 1,809 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.3% (vs. 76.3% in the whole county).[57]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 658 votes here (63.4% vs. 61.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 244 votes (23.5% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 99 votes (9.5% vs. 9.8%) and other candidates with 21 votes (2.0% vs. 1.5%), among the 1,038 ballots cast by the township's 1,855 registered voters, yielding a 56.0% turnout (vs. 49.6% in the county).[58]

Education[edit]

Public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Great Meadows Regional School District, together with students from Independence Township.[59][60] As of the 2010-11 school year, the district and its three schools had a total enrollment of 1,352 students and 72.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 18.62:1.[61] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 school year enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[62]) are Central Elementary School[63] (277 students in grades K-2), Liberty Elementary School[64] (297; 3-5) and Great Meadows Middle School[65] (332; 6-8).[66][67]

Students attending public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Hackettstown High School which serves students from Hackettstown, along with students from the townships of Allamuchy and Independence, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Hackettstown School District.[67][68]

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8)[69] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[70] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[71][67]

Transportation[edit]

The only major road to pass through is U.S. Route 46 in the southeastern area.

The closest limited access road is Interstate 80 (the Bergen-Passaic Expressway) in neighboring Hope Township.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Officials & Contact Info, Liberty Township. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Liberty, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Liberty township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Liberty township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Belvidere, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Great Meadows, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Oxford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 247. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  20. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Mountain Lake CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  21. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  22. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, p. III-5, August 2012. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  24. ^ Mountain Lake Community Association, Liberty Township. Accessed June 7, 2013. "The 3,600 acre Mountain Lake Watershed lies entirely in Liberty Township. It includes Warren County’s largest (122 acres), natural, glacial lake, Mountain Lake."
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Liberty township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Liberty township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Liberty township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  30. ^ 2012 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  31. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 5, 2010. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  32. ^ WARREN COUNTY GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 8, 2011, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 15, 2011. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  33. ^ General Election November 6, 2012, WARREN COUNTY Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2012. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  44. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  48. ^ County Clerk's Office, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  49. ^ Message from Surrogate, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  50. ^ Constitutional Officers, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  51. ^ 2012 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  52. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Warren, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  53. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  54. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  55. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  56. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  57. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  58. ^ 2009 Governor: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed June 7, 2013.
  59. ^ Great Meadows Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Great Meadows Regional is a K-8 school district with an enrollment of approximately 900 students. High school students attend Hackettstown High School as part of a sending/ receiving agreement. Great Meadows Regional consists of the contiguous townships of Independence and Liberty, is located in central Warren County and encompasses 32.35 square miles."
  60. ^ Novak, Stephen J. "State court says Liberty Township cannot withdraw from Great Meadows school district", The Express-Times, April 2, 2009. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Formed in 1993, Great Meadows has three schools: Liberty Elementary, Independence Township Central School and Great Meadows Regional Middle School. Both townships send students to Hackettstown High School for grades nine through 12. Liberty Township sought to break from Independence Township in 2004 after a contentious budget season."
  61. ^ District information for the Great Meadows Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  62. ^ School Data for the Great Meadows Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  63. ^ Central Elementary School, Great Meadows Regional School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  64. ^ Liberty Elementary School, Great Meadows Regional School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  65. ^ Great Meadows Middle School, Great Meadows Regional School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  66. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Great Meadows Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  67. ^ a b c Municipal Guide to Public School Districts, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  68. ^ Hackettstown High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Hackettstown High School serves the communities of Hackettstown, Allamuchy, Independence, and Liberty."
  69. ^ Overview, Ridge and Valley Charter School. Accessed September 16, 2013. "Enrollment is open to any child in New Jersey, with preference for students from the districts of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Knowlton and North Warren Regional."
  70. ^ About Us, Warren County Technical School. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  71. ^ About, Warren County Special Services School District. Accessed September 16, 2013.

External links[edit]