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American snout butterfly.jpg
Libytheana carinenta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Libytheinae
Boisduval, 1833

Libytheinae is the nymphalid subfamily of the snout butterflies, containing two valid genera and about 10 species, 6 in Libythea and 4 in Libytheana. The common name refers to the thick labial palps (pedipalps) that look like a "snout" in this subfamily. In older literature, this group was recognized as the family Libytheidae. They are medium-sized and typically a drab brown.[1] The front legs are reduced in length and the ventral hindwings are cryptically colored in order to help in blend in with its surroundings.[1] While at rest, the members of this subfamily keep their wings tightly closed in order to resemble dead leaves.[1]

Libytheinae classification[edit]

Family Nymphalidae Rafinesque, 1815

  • Subfamily Libytheinae Boisduval, 1833
    • Libythea Fabricius, 1807 ( = Hecaerge Ochsenheimer, 1816; = Chilea Billberg, 1820; = invalid name Hypatus Hübner, 1822; = Libythaeus Boitard, 1828; = homonym Dichora Scudder, 1889)
    • Libytheana Michener, 1943


  1. ^ a b c Daniels, Jaret C. (2003). Butterflies of the Carolinas. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, Inc. p. 12. ISBN 1-59193-007-3. 
  • Freitas, A. V. L., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (2004). Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53(3):363-383.
  • Kawahara, A. Y. (2003). Rediscovery of Libythea collenettei Poulton & Riley (Nymphalidae: Libytheinae) in the Marquesas, and a description of the male. J Lep Soc 57:81-85.
  • Shields, O. (1984). A revised, annotated checklist of world Libytheidae. Journal for Research on the Lepidoptera 22: 264-266.

External links[edit]