Licensing Act 1872
The Licensing Act 1872 (35 & 36 Vict c. 94) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is one of the Licensing Acts 1828 to 1886 and was one of the Licensing (Ireland) Acts 1833 to 1886. It enacted various regulations and offences relating to alcohol, particularly licensing of premises. Most parts of the Act have been superseded by more recent Licensing Acts, but some parts remain in force. In particular, the Act creates an offence of being drunk in public with a maximum fine of level 1 on the standard scale (currently £200); propelling a horse, a cow (or other cattle), a steam engine, or a loaded firearm, with a possible penalty of a fine of up to £200 or 51 weeks in prison.
- restricted the closing times in public houses to midnight in towns and 11 o'clock in country areas.
- regulated the content of beer. One of the most common practices was to add salt to the beer, which increased the thirst and therefore sales as well.
- said that licensing hours were to be determined by local authorities.
- gave boroughs the option of becoming completely 'dry' i.e. banning all alcohol.
These policies were enforced by the police.
It was an unpopular Act for the working classes and there were a number of near riots when police tried to enforce closing hours. Brewers resented what they saw as an attack on their independence and profits; others disliked the Act because it interfered with personal liberty.
N.B. This Act does not provide the offence of being unfit through drink/drugs whilst cycling on a road/public place - this is provided by Section 30 Road Traffic Act 1988.
- Lowe, Norman, Mastering Modern British History, Macmillan Press LTD, 1998
- The Short Titles Act 1896, section 2(1) and Schedule 2
- Transcribed text of this act and the Licensing Acts of (1552) (1553) (1606-c4) (1606-c5) (1604) (1625) (1828 c. 46.) (1828 c. 61.) (1830) (1834) (1840) (1842) (1869) (1870) (1872) (1902) (1904)and more
- Text of the Licensing Act 1872 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database
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