List of lichens of Montana

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A Rhizoplaca lichen

There are at least 41 species of Lichens, Ascomycota known to exist in Montana.[1] The Montana Natural Heritage Program has identified a number of lichen species as Species of Concern.[2]

The Ascomycota are a Division/Phylum of the kingdom Fungi, and subkingdom Dikarya. Its members are commonly known as the Sac Fungi. They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species.[3] The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus" (from Greek: ἀσκός (askos), meaning "sac" or "wineskin"), a microscopic sexual structure in which nonmotile spores, called ascospores, are formed. However, some species of the Ascomycota are asexual, meaning that they do not have a sexual cycle and thus do not form asci or ascospores. Previously placed in the Deuteromycota along with asexual species from other fungal taxa, asexual (or anamorphic) ascomycetes are now identified and classified based on morphological or physiological similarities to ascus-bearing taxa, and by phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences.[4][5]


Further reading[edit]

  • Rydberg, Per Axel PhD (1900). Catalogue of the flora of Montana and the Yellowstone National Park. New York: New York Botanical Garden. 
  • Bovey, Robin B.; Marsh, Janet E., Vitt, Dale A. (2007). Mosses Lichens & Ferns of Northwest North America. Auburn, WA: Lone Pine Publishing. ISBN 1-55105-569-4. 
  • Harris, W.P.; Harris, C.W. (1904). Lichens and Mosses of Montana, a list based on material collected during the summer of 1901, with additions. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 
  • McCune, B.; Geiser, L. (2009). Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest: Second Edition, Revised and Expanded. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press. 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Sac Fungi". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  2. ^ Species of Concern are native taxa that are at-risk due to declining population trends, threats to their habitats, restricted distribution, and/or other factors. Designation as a Montana Species of Concern or Potential Species of Concern is based on the Montana Status Rank, and is not a statutory or regulatory classification. Rather, these designations provide information that helps resource managers make proactive decisions regarding species conservation and data collection priorities. See the latest Species of Concern Reports for more detailed explanations and assessment criteria. "Montana Field Guide-Species of Concern". Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  3. ^ Kirk et al., p. 55.
  4. ^ Lutzoni F, et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". American Journal of Botany 91: 1446–80. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446. PMID 21652303. 
  5. ^ James TY, et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny". Nature 443 (7113): 818–22. doi:10.1038/nature05110. PMID 17051209. 
  6. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Arctomiaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  7. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Brigantiaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  8. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Cladoniaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  9. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Collemataceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  10. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Coniocybaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  11. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Hymeneliaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  12. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Lecanoraceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  13. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Lobariaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  14. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Pannariaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  15. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Parmeliaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  16. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Parmeliaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  17. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Pertusariaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  18. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Physciaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  19. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Psoraceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  20. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Ramalinaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  21. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Sphaerophoraceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  22. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Stereocaulaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  23. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Umbilicariaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  24. ^ "Montana Field Guide- Verrucariaceae". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-08.