Lichfield (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lichfield
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Lichfield in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 73,085 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997 (1997)
Member of Parliament Michael Fabricant (Conservative)
Number of members One
1885 (1885)1950 (1950)
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
1305 (1305)1885 (1885)
Number of members Two until 1868, then One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Lichfield is a constituency[n 1] in Staffordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 recreation by Michael Fabricant, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency includes the northern and central parts of the Lichfield local government district, including the cathedral city of Lichfield itself, Burntwood, and also the south-western portion of East Staffordshire district, including Yoxall, Barton-under-Needwood, and Abbots Bromley.

Boundary changes[edit]

In boundary changes[n 3] which came into force at the 2010 general election, the constituency was enlarged with the addition of the Needwood ward of East Staffordshire Borough Council, previously in the Burton constituency; the main settlement in the Needwood ward is the village of Barton-under-Needwood. The effect of this change is estimated to be relatively small, making the seat slightly more Conservative than before.

History[edit]

The city was represented at most parliaments between 1305 (10 years after the Model Parliament, in 1327 and again in 1353, but it then ceased to be represented until the mid 16th century, from which it sent two burgesses as members to Parliament until 1664, when representation was temporarily reduced to one member during The Protectorate (ended 1680), and again in 1868, when representation was permanently reduced to one. The constituency was abolished in 1950 but reconstituted, still as a single-member constituency, in 1997.

Constituency profile[edit]

This area has very little dependence on social housing and unemployment compared to other areas.[2] In 2010 it had the 52nd highest share of the vote for its Conservative incumbent, Michael Fabricant, out of 650 seats.[3] In 2010 The Guardian summarized that the seat is a "pleasant cathedral city on border of West Midlands and the Potteries."[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1305–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1313 William of Lichfield
1320 William the Taverner
1326/7 Stephen le Blount
1529 William Paget, 1st Baron Paget
1547 William Layton, died
and replaced by Jan 1552 by
Alexander Walker
Edmund Twyneho[5]
1553 (Mar) Mark Wyrley William Fitzherbert[5]
1553 (Oct) Sir Philip Draycott John Giffard[5]
1554 (Apr) Henry Vernon John Taylor[5]
1554 (Nov) Mark Wyrley Thomas Edwards[5]
1555 Thomas Edwards Francis Bulstrode[5]
1558 Robert Weston Richard Cupper[5]
1559 (Jan) Sir Henry Paget Robert Weston[6]
1562/3 Sir Henry Paget Michael Pulteney[6]
1571 Edward Fitzgerald William Timperley[6]
1572 Edward Fitzgerald Arthur Bedell[6]
1584 (Nov) Richard Browne James Weston[6]
1586 (Sep) Richard Broughton John Goodman[6]
1588 (Oct) Richard Broughton Richard Huddleston[6]
1593 Sir John Wingfield Richard Broughton[6]
1597 (Oct) Joseph Oldsworth William Fowkes[6]
1601 Anthony Dyott Robert Browne[6]
1604 Anthony Dyott Thomas Crewe
1614 Sir John Egerton, died
and replaced by
Anthony Dyott
William Wingfield
1621 William Wingfield Richard Weston
1624 Sir Simon Weston Sir John Suckling, sat for Middlesex
and replaced by
William Wingfield
1625 Richard Dyott William Wingfield
1626 Richard Dyott William Wingfield
1628 Sir Richard Dyott Sir William Walter
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
1640 (Apr) Sir Walter Devereux Sir Richard Dyott
1640 (Nov) Sir Walter Devereux died 1641
and replaced by
Sir Richard Cave, Royalist
disabled 1642
[7]
Michael Noble
1645 Michael Noble Michael Biddulph of Elmhurst
1648 Michael Noble, died 1649 one member only
1653 Lichfield not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Thomas Minors one member only
1656 Thomas Minors one member only
1659 Daniel Watson of Burton upon Trent[mpnotes 1] Thomas Minors

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Election First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
1660 Apr Michael Biddulph Daniel Watson
1660 May Thomas Minors
1661 John Lane Sir Theophilus Biddulph, Bt
1667 Richard Dyott
1678 Sir Henry Lyttelton, Bt
1679 Feb Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1679 Aug Daniel Finch
later 2nd Earl of Nottingham
1685 Thomas Orme Richard Leveson
1689 Robert Burdett Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1690 Richard Dyott
1695 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1698 Richard Dyott
1701 Jan William Walmisley
1701 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1705 Sir Henry Gough Tory
1708 John Cotes Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1710 Richard Dyott
1715 Walter Chetwynd Samuel Hill
1718 Apr William Sneyd
1718 Dec Walter Chetwynd
1722 Richard Plumer
1731 by-election [mpnotes 2] George Venables-Vernon
later Baron Vernon
1734 Rowland Hill
1741 Sir Lister Holte, Bt
1747 Richard Leveson-Gower Thomas Anson
1753 Nov by-election [mpnotes 3] Sir Thomas Gresley, Bt [mpnotes 4]
1754 Jan [mpnotes 4] Henry Vernon
1754 Apr Viscount Trentham
later Marquess of Stafford
1755 by-election [mpnotes 5] Henry Vernon
1761 John Levett [mpnotes 6]
Feb 1762 [mpnotes 6] Hugo Meynell
1768 Thomas Gilbert Whig
1770 by-election [mpnotes 7] George Adams then Anson
1789 by-election [mpnotes 8] Thomas Anson
later Viscount Anson
Whig
1795 by-election [mpnotes 9] Lord Granville Leveson-Gower
later Earl Granville
Whig
1799 by-election Sir John Wrottesley, Bt Whig
1806 Feb by-election [mpnotes 10] Sir George Anson Whig
1806 Nov George Granville Venables Vernon Whig
1831 Sir Edward Scott, Bt Whig
1837 Lord Alfred Henry Paget Whig
1841 by-election Lord Leveson
later Earl Granville
Whig
1846 by-election Edward Lloyd-Mostyn
later Baron Mostyn
Whig
1847 Viscount Anson
later 2nd Earl of Lichfield
Whig
1854 by-election The Lord Waterpark Whig
1856 by-election Viscount Sandon
later Earl of Harrowby
Whig
1859 Liberal Augustus Anson Liberal
1865 Richard Dyott Conservative
1868 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868–1950[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1868 Richard Dyott continuing Conservative
1880 by-election Theophilus John Levett Conservative
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

Lichfield division of Staffordshire[edit]

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir John Swinburne Liberal
1892 Leonard Darwin Liberal Unionist
1895 Henry Charles Fulford [mpnotes 11] Liberal
1896 by-election [mpnotes 11] Sir Courtenay Warner, Bt Liberal
1918 Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Frank Hodges Labour
1924 Roderick Roy Wilson Conservative
1929 James Alexander Lovat-Fraser Labour
1931 National Labour
1938 by-election [mpnotes 12] Cecil Charles Poole Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Lichfield county constituency[edit]

MPs since 1997[edit]

Election Member Party
1997 Michael Fabricant[n 4] Conservative

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [http||//www.british–history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42347 Lichfield|| Parliamentary representation', A History of the County of Stafford|| Volume 14|| Lichfield (1990), pp. 92–95. Date accessed|| 11 September 2008]
  2. ^ The by-election in 1731 was caused by the appointment of Walter Chetwynd as Governor of Barbados
  3. ^ The by-election in November 1753 was caused by the death of Richard Leveson-Gower
  4. ^ a b Sir Thomas Gresley's victory at the by-election in November 1753 was overturned on petition on 29 Jan 1754 in favour of Henry Vernon
  5. ^ The by-election in 1755 was caused when Viscount Trentham succeeded to the peerage as Earl Gower
  6. ^ a b At the general election in 1761, Thomas Anson (MP) and John Levett were declared elected. However, a petition was lodged, and Levett's election was overturned on 1 February 1762 in favour of Hugo Meynell
  7. ^ The by-election in 1770 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Anson
  8. ^ The by-election in 1789 was caused by the death of George Anson
  9. ^ The by-election in 1795 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Gilbert
  10. ^ The by-election in February 1806 was caused by the elevation to the peerage of Thomas Anson. Source:The London Gazette: no. 15896. pp. 296–297. 4 March 1806. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  11. ^ a b Fulford was declared elected at the general election in July 1895, but his election was voided on petition on 19 December 1895, and a by-election was held in February 1896
  12. ^ The by-election in May 1938 was caused by the death of Lovat-Fraser

Elections since 1997[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 2010 [9][10]
New boundaries
Electorate: 72,586
Turnout: 51,563 (71.0%) +4.32
Conservative hold
Majority: 17,683 (34.3%) +18.1
Swing: 0.7% from Lib Dem to Con
Michael Fabricant Conservative 28,048 54.4 +5.7
Ian Jackson Liberal Democrat 10,365 20.1 +4.2
Steve Hyden Labour 10,230 19.8 −12.4
Karen Maunder UKIP 2,920 5.7 +2.4
General election, May 2005 [11]
Electorate: 65,565
Turnout: 43,744 (66.7%) +0.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,080 (16.2%) +5.6
Swing: 2.8% from Lab to Con
Michael Fabricant Conservative 21,274 48.6 −0.5
Nigel Gardner Labour 14,194 32.4 −6.1
Ian Jackson Liberal Democrat 6,804 15.6 +4.9
Malcolm McKenzie UKIP 1,472 3.4 +1.8
General election, June 2001 [12]
Electorate: 63,234
Turnout: 41,680 (65.9%) −11.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,426 (10.6%) +10.1
Swing: 5.1% from Lab to Con
Michael Fabricant Conservative 20,480 49.1 +6.2
Martin Machray Labour 16,054 38.5 −3.9
Philip Bennion Liberal Democrat 4,462 10.7 −0.6
John Phazey UKIP 684 1.6 N/A
General election, May 1997 [12]
New constituency
Electorate: 62,753
Turnout: 48,593 (77.5%)
Conservative win
Majority: 238 (0.5%)
Michael Fabricant Conservative 20,853 42.9 N/A
Susan Woodward Labour 20,615 42.4 N/A
Philip Bennion Liberal Democrat 5,473 11.3 N/A
G. Seward Referendum Party 1,652 3.4 N/A

Elections 1931-1945[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, 1945
Turnout: 71.52%
Labour hold
Majority: 16,571 (21.36%)
Cecil Charles Poole Labour 42,806 55.18
B.B. Craddock National Labour 26,235 33.82
R. Lamb Liberal 8,533 11.00
1938 by-election Labour gain from
Majority: 1,096
Cecil Charles Poole Labour 23,856
B.B. Craddock National Labour 22,760
General election, 1935
Turnout: 64.17%
National Labour hold
Majority: 3,298 (7.55%)
James Alexander Lovat-Fraser National Labour 23,489 53.78
G.H. Jones Labour 20,191 46.22
General election, 1931
Turnout: 73.73%
National Labour hold
Majority: 10,879 (25.62%)
James Alexander Lovat-Fraser National Labour 26,669 62.81
G.H. Jones Labour 15,790 37.19

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
    Before 1885 Lichfield was a parliamentary borough as an original a borough constituency.
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Recommended in the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies
  4. ^ Previously MP for Mid Staffordshire (1992-1997), which included the city of Lichfield (in addition to Rugeley and Stone)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  4. ^ Guardian constituency profiles
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  7. ^ Cave was a royalist chosen by Prince Rupert and removed by resolution of the House of Commons
  8. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  10. ^ BBC 2010 General Election Site
  11. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "UK General Election results May 1997 and June 2001". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 

Sources[edit]