Lichfield Trent Valley railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lichfield Trent Valley National Rail
Lichfield Trent Valley
Northward view of the low-level platforms.
Location
Place Lichfield
Local authority Lichfield
Coordinates 52°41′12″N 1°48′01″W / 52.68662°N 1.80024°W / 52.68662; -1.80024Coordinates: 52°41′12″N 1°48′01″W / 52.68662°N 1.80024°W / 52.68662; -1.80024
Grid reference SK136099
Operations
Station code LTV
Managed by London Midland
Number of platforms 3
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   0.187 million
2005/06 Increase 0.222 million
2006/07 Increase 0.231 million
2007/08 Increase 0.248 million
2008/09 Increase 0.704 million
2009/10 Increase 0.743 million
2010/11 Increase 0.821 million
2011/12 Increase 0.899 million
2012/13 Increase 0.914 million
History
Key dates Opened 1847 (1847)
Original company Trent Valley Railway
South Staffordshire Railway
Pre-grouping London and North Western Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
15 September 1847 Original station on Trent Valley Rly opened as Lichfield
August 1849 Station on South Staffs Rly opened as Lichfield Trent Valley Junction
3 July 1871 Earlier stations closed; present Lichfield Trent Valley station opened
18 January 1965 High Level platforms closed
28 November 1988 High Level platform re-opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Lichfield Trent Valley from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Lichfield Trent Valley is a split-level railway station on the outskirts of the city of Lichfield in Staffordshire, England. It is one of two stations in Lichfield, the other being Lichfield City in the city-centre. The low level platforms are served by the Trent Valley section of the West Coast Main Line, while the single high level platform serves as the northern terminus of the Cross-City Line.

Location[edit]

The station is located 1 mile north-east from the City Centre and serves the East and North side of the city, as well as being used by commuters from surrounding villages, such as Fradley, Alrewas and Whittington. The station bears the name Trent Valley, as do other stations on the line such as Rugeley Trent Valley, due to the fact that the line was opened by the Trent Valley Railway, which ran between Rugby and Stafford.[1] The River Trent is found around 6 miles north of Lichfield Trent Valley at Wynchnor Junction, where it is joined by two of its tributaries, the River Tame and the River Mease. Access to the station is from the A5127. The station serves as a connecting station for travellers wishing to get to Birmingham on the Cross-City Line.

Features[edit]

The (High Level) Cross-City Line terminus platform.

Its low-level platforms are located on the Trent Valley Line section of the West Coast Main Line (WCML). Facilities are basic - the original station building on the low-level platform was demolished in 1969 and replaced with a basic wooden building.[2][3]

A single platform at right-angles to the low-level station, accessible by staircases on the low-level platforms, forms the high-level part of the station. This forms the northern terminus of the Cross-City Line, which passes over the WCML on a bridge.

North of the high-level station, the line continues to Wychnor Junction where it joins the Cross Country Route towards Derby. This stretch of line remains open for freight trains and occasional diversions, but no longer has a passenger service. Passenger services used to run north to Alrewas and Burton-on-Trent, but these ceased when the high-level station was closed in 1965. One platform of the high-level station was reopened as the northern terminus of the Cross City Line in 1988, with southbound services to Birmingham only. A single track chord connects the low and high level lines at the north of the station, but this is rarely used.[2][3]

Services[edit]

WCML[edit]

In the current (May 2013) timetable there is a basic daytime frequency of one train per hour each way (including Sundays) - southbound to London Euston serving Trent Valley stations, then Rugby and Milton Keynes Central (trains no longer run via Northampton) and northbound to Crewe via Stoke-on-Trent. A few peak period and evening Virgin Trains services also call, providing links to Manchester Piccadilly, Lancaster and Glasgow Central in the northbound direction and fast trains to London southbound.

Cross City Line[edit]

There are two trains per hour throughout the day (including Sundays) on the Cross-City line to Birmingham New Street and Longbridge, serving all intermediate stations. Trains work through to Redditch only during the evening and on Sundays (except when the autumn leaf fall timetable is in operation[4])

History[edit]

The first station, built in 1847
Lichfield Trent Valley (Low Level) in 1962
Lichfield Trent Valley Station - June 2014

The Trent Valley Railway (TVR), which connected the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) at Rugby with the Grand Junction Railway (GJR) at Stafford, was formed on 21 July 1845[5] and opened on 15 September 1847,[6] and included a station at Lichfield;[7] in the meantime, the L&BR, GJR and Manchester and Birmingham Railway had amalgamated in July 1846 as the London and North Western Railway (LNWR),[8] which itself absorbed the TVR later in 1846.[6] This first station at Lichfield was built in 1847. This station was situated north of Burton Road approximately 0.5 miles north of the current crossing point. The architect, John Livock, built the station in a Tudor Gothic style.[9]

The South Staffordshire Railway (SSR), which connected Dudley with Burton-on-Trent, was formed on 6 October 1846 by amalgamation of two smaller railways, both of which had been formed on 3 August 1846.[10] The line north of Walsall opened on 9 April 1849,[11] but the station named Lichfield Trent Valley Junction was not opened until August 1849.[7] Lichfield Trent Valley Junction was built south of Burton Road close to Streethay just past the present signal box. From it a spur line descended to the other station north of the crossing point to allow passengers to transfer to the LNWR main line below.[12] The SSR was leased to the LNWR in February 1861, and was absorbed by that company on 15 July 1867.[13]

On 3 July 1871, both of these stations were closed by the LNWR, which replaced them with a single station; Lichfield Trent Valley was built in its present location with high and low-level platforms adjoining each other. The Low Level platforms, serving the Rugby-Stafford line, were situated approximately 400 m (440 yd) south of the original TVR station. The High Level platforms closed on 18 January 1965 with the withdrawal of passenger services between Lichfield City and Burton-on-Trent. On 28 November 1988, the service between Birmingham and Lichfield City was extended, and initially both of the High Level platforms at Lichfield Trent Valley were reopened as a terminus, with steps leading up to boths sides from the low level platforms.[7][14] At that time the service was hourly, and the diesel units were shunted as empty coaching stock North from the Down Walsall platform to just past the high level signalbox. There they would be crossed over to the Up Walsall line and proceed into the up platform.[15] These workings remained in place until the now current trailing crossover just south of the high level platform was opened during the electrification and upgrading of the line in 1992. Once the new trailing crossing had been commissioned the Up Walsall platform was closed and the electric trains terminated in the Down Walsall platform without requiring a shunt move to reverse.

The chord line between the low and high level lines, seen from platform 2

The signal box was demolished over the weekend of 15 June 2008 as part of the West Coast upgrade.

In December 2013 work started on an upgrade to the station, this included the opening of an additional car park in February 2014 and construction of a new station building.[16]

1946 accident[edit]

Main article: Lichfield rail crash

On New Year's Day 1946 it was the site of a points failure resulting in an express Fleetwood to London Broad Street fish train being diverted into a stationary local passenger train standing in the up platform loop, resulting in the deaths of 20 people and injury of 21 more. The disaster is one of the very rare cases in the UK of mechanical point interlocking failing to prevent an accident.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 107. CN 8983. 
  2. ^ a b "Lichfield Domestic Buildings". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 Oct 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Doherty, Andrew. "Lichfield Trent Valley 1847 to present". Rails around Birmingham & the West Midlands. 
  4. ^ NRT Timetable 69 Lichfield - Birmingham - Longbridge and Redditch Network Rail website; Retrieved 2013-08-30
  5. ^ Awdry 1990, p. 107.
  6. ^ a b James 1983, p. 48.
  7. ^ a b c Butt 1995, p. 142.
  8. ^ James 1983, p. 43.
  9. ^ Clayton 1981, p. 27.
  10. ^ Awdry 1990, pp. 103,107.
  11. ^ James 1983, p. 59.
  12. ^ Clayton 1981, p. 46.
  13. ^ James 1983, p. 50.
  14. ^ Baker 2007, p. 41, section A2.
  15. ^ ex-signalman recalls
  16. ^ "Work underway on £900,000 improvements at Lichfield Trent Valley railway station - but still no lift for disabled passengers". Lichfield Mercury. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. CN 8983. 
  • Baker, S.K. (April 2007) [1977]. Rail Atlas Great Britain & Ireland (11th ed.). Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-602-2. 0704/K. 
  • Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  • Clayton, Howard (1981). Cathedral City: A Look at Victorian Lichfield. Abottsford Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9503563-1-0. 
  • James, Leslie (November 1983). A Chronology of the Construction of Britain's Railways 1778-1855. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1277-6. BE/1183. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
London Midland
London - Crewe
Terminus London Midland
Virgin Trains
Historical railways
Line and station closed
London and North Western Railway
Line and station open