Lida Gustava Heymann

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Lida Gustava Heymann
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-143-05, Lida Gustava Heymann.jpg
Lida Gustava Heymann in 1900
Born (1868-03-15)March 15, 1868
Hamburg
Died July 13, 1943(1943-07-13) (aged 75)
Zürich
Nationality Flag of Germany.svg German

Lida Gustava Heymann (born 15 March 1868 in Hamburg, died 31 July 1943 in Zürich) was a German feminist, pacifist and women's rights activist.

Together with her partner and girlfriend Anita Augspurg she was one of the most prominent figures in the bourgeois women's movement. She was, among other things, in the forefront of the Verband Fortschrittlicher Frauenvereine ((German) "Association of Women's Groups").

She co-founder of the abolitionist movement in Germany. (Translator's note: "Abolitionist" in this context means the abolition of prostitution. The German state allowed, and regulated, prostitution at the time.) In this role she came into conflict with the law as she protested about the treatment of prostitutes and called for the abolition of state regulation for them. Heymann wanted to "help women free themselves from male domination." With her vast inheritance she established a women's centre, offering meals, a crèche and counselling. She also founded a co-educational high school and professional associations for female clerks and theatre workers.

In 1902 she jointly founded (with Anita Augspurg) the first German Verein für Frauenstimmrecht ((German) "Society for Women's Suffrage"). Together with Augspurg, she published the newspaper Frau im Staat ((German) "Women in the State") from 1919 to 1933. This newspaper presented the pacifist, feminist and democratic positions on various subjects.

In 1923, Heymann and Augspurg called for Adolf Hitler to be expelled from Germany. When Hitler seized power in 1933, both were out of the country. They did not return. Their property was confiscated and they emigrated to Switzerland. Heymann died in 1943 and was buried in Fluntern cemetery.

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