Lidder River

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Lidder River/ لدر ندی
Liddar River
River
Pahalgam Valley.jpg
Lidder River at Pahalgam
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Region Kashmir Valley
District Anantnag
Tributaries
 - right Sind River, Neelum River
Source 34°09′29″N 75°18′34″E / 34.158136°N 75.309373°E / 34.158136; 75.309373Coordinates: 34°09′29″N 75°18′34″E / 34.158136°N 75.309373°E / 34.158136; 75.309373
 - location Kolhoi Glacier
 - elevation 4,653 m (15,266 ft)
Mouth 33°45′10″N 75°07′54″E / 33.752841°N 75.131652°E / 33.752841; 75.131652
 - location Jehlum river at Gurnar Khanabal
 - elevation 1,615 m (5,299 ft)
Length 73 km (45 mi)
Discharge
 - average 206 m3/s (7,275 cu ft/s)

The Lidder River or Liddar River (Urdu: لدر ندی‎), is a 73 kilometer long river in the Kashmir region of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It originates from the Kolhoi Glacier[1] of the Jehlum River and meets it at Gurnar Khanabal village[2] at an altitude of 1615 meters.

Geography[edit]

Lidder River at Pahalgam

The Lidder River gives rise to Lidder Valley, originates from Kolhoi Glacier in the vicinity of Sonamarg and runs southwards through an alpine meadow called Lidderwat, from which the river has got its name. The river flows through lush green mountains of fir. The tourist village Aru is situated on its bank. It covers 30 kilometers to the tourist destination of Pahalgam where it meets a major tributary (the East Lidder) from Sheshnag Lake and runs westwards until it meets the Jehlum River at Gurnar Khanabal village of Anantnag. It has crystal blueish water as of Neelum River. Pahalgam occupies the central Lidder Valley.[3]

The waters of the river are mainly used for irrigation purpose through different canals, the famous among them is Shah kol[4] and drinking through water treatment plants.

There are many different varieties of fishes present in the river. A fisheries plant has also been build up at the bank of the river. Some types of fishes found in Lidder River are:[5]

Amarnath pilgrimage an ecological issue[edit]

The annual Amarnath yatra organised by the Hindu Shrine Board and the State government is a major threat[6] to the ecology of the river. Up to 1995 the duration of yatra was less than fifteen days, but now the Hindu Shrine Board has increased its duration[7] for two months in which more than four million Hindu pilgrims take the route for yatra enroute the Lidder River. Due to the negligence, incapacity and lack of coordination between the organising agencies, who cares and spends most on the security of the pilgrimage, there is no sewage system in place from Khanabal to Pahalgam, the base camp for the annual Amarnath Yatra.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The geography of Jammu and Kashmir state". ikashmir.net. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  2. ^ "Khanabal village of Kashmir". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  3. ^ "Pahalgam The Lidder Valley". ghumakkar.com. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  4. ^ "Pahalgam and its environs". koausa.org. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  5. ^ "Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network-Gain". growfish.com.au. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  6. ^ "Polluted Lidder river casts cloud over pilgrimage". downtoearth.com. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  7. ^ "Amarnath yatra duration". siasat.com. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 

External links[edit]