Lidingö

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lidingö,Stockholm
Lidingö,Stockholm is located in Sweden
Lidingö,Stockholm
Lidingö,Stockholm
Coordinates: 59°22′N 18°09′E / 59.367°N 18.150°E / 59.367; 18.150Coordinates: 59°22′N 18°09′E / 59.367°N 18.150°E / 59.367; 18.150
Country Sweden
Province Uppland
County Stockholm County
Municipality Lidingö Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 12.51 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 45,178
 • Density 2,524/km2 (6,540/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Lidingö is an island in the inner Stockholm archipelago, northeast of Stockholm, Sweden. By the end of 2013, the population was 45,178 .[1] It is the seat of government of the Lidingö Municipality, Stockholm County.

Lidingö's qualities have attracted affluent residents such as Björn Ulvaeus and Agnetha Fältskog of ABBA. Exclusive regions include the coastal region between Mölna and the east tip of the island, Gåshaga, as well as the east tip of the northern part of the horse shoe, called Elfvik.[clarification needed] The municipality is very popular among families and is the second wealthiest in Sweden after Danderyd.

Nature[edit]

The seascape at Lidingö shares similarities with that of Seattle, USA and Sydney, Australia, with clear blue skies and waterways. The landscape is one of large forests and open farm land.

The Lidingö summer is limited to the period between the end of May and August, when the air temperature seldom exceeds 25 °C. Sea water temperatures usually peak around 20 °C, in mid July, in the inner parts of the archipelago.

September and October are the months of the short autumn.

The first snow fall is expected in the first two weeks of November. During winter, thick ice covers the waters around Stockholm and up to 15 to 20 nautical miles into the Baltic Sea. The coldest period is from January until the end of February.

Springtime is from mid April to May.

Map of Lidingö, 2009.

History[edit]

Runic inscriptions[edit]

Two runic inscriptions have been found on Lidingö. The latest, listed in Rundata as the Uppland Runic Inscription Fv1986 84, was found in 1984 under a 10 cm thick layer of soil and moss in an uninhabited region. The inscription is from the Viking age, around 800–1050 AD. The inscription has been translated as:

"Åsmund carved runes in memory of his grandfather Sten, father of Sibbe and Gerbjörn...a great monument over a good man."

The figures show large snakes and on top, a Maltese cross, a typical motif for the late Viking age rune stones.

Later history[edit]

Landscape near Elfvik farm

Approximately 300 to 400 years after the carving of the runes, the inhabitants of Lidingö had established small farms. Lidingö is first mentioned in writing in 1328, in the will of Jedvard Filipsson, in the sentence curiam in Lydhingø meaning a "Lidingö farm".

Bo Jonsson (Grip) (early 1330s–20 August 1386) bought the entire island between 1376 and 1381. In approximately 1480, the island was taken over by the Banér family from Djursholm. On 29 August 1774, Johan Gabriel Banér (1733–1811) also from Djursholm, sold the entire island and the land was divided into 25 farms.

In the east part of Lidingö, the Långängen-Elfvik national park, which includes 125 acres (0.51 km2) of open farmland and most of the forest land on Elfvik, has, preserved within its boundaries, one of the largest old farms, the Elfviks farm. Most of the original houses, built from the end of the 18th century to mid‑19th century, have been saved and restored. The farm is still active with beef cattle, sheep, and horses and is run by Lidingö Municipality.

The first church was built in 1623.

The IBM educational center for northern Europe, was built close to the Elfvik farm in the early 1960s. The centre was later converted to a hotel.

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Lidingö:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.