Lido di Venezia

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For other uses, see Lido (disambiguation).
Lido di Venezia
20050525-033-lido.jpg
Lido Vaporetto terminal, seen from the Lagoon
Lido di Venezia is located in Venetian Lagoon
Lido di Venezia
Location in the Venetian Lagoon
Geography
Coordinates 45°24′02″N 12°21′38″E / 45.40062°N 12.360595°E / 45.40062; 12.360595Coordinates: 45°24′02″N 12°21′38″E / 45.40062°N 12.360595°E / 45.40062; 12.360595
Adjacent bodies of water Venetian Lagoon
Length 11 km (6.8 mi)
Country
Region Veneto
Province Province of Venice
Lido settlements on the Lido island and the Venetian Lagoon.

The Lido — or Venice Lido (Lido di Venezia) — is an 11 kilometres (7 miles) long sandbar in Venice, northern Italy; it is home to about 20,000 residents. The Venice Film Festival takes place at the Lido every September.[1]

Geography[edit]

Faro Rocchetta lighthouse and pilots station, Alberoni

The island is home to three settlements. The Lido itself, in the north, is home to the Film Festival, the Grand Hotel des Bains, the Venice Casino and the Grand Hotel Excelsior. Malamocco, in the centre, was the first and, for a long time, the only settlement. It was at one time home to the Doge of Venice. Alberoni at the southern end is home to the golf course.[citation needed] Frequent public buses run the length of the island along the main street.

At least half the Adriatic side of the island is a sandy beach, much of it belonging to the various hotels that house the summer tourists. These include the renowned Excelsior and the Des Bains, setting for Thomas Mann's classic novel Death in Venice, currently undergoing major renovation. These beaches are private, though towards the northern and southern ends of the island there are two enormous public beaches. The Adriatic Sea is fairly clean and warm, ideal for children, with only the occasional jellyfish to disturb swimming.[citation needed]

The heart of the island is the Gran Viale Santa Maria Elisabetta, a wide street approximately 700 m long that leads from the lagoon and vaporetto (water bus) stop on one side across to the sea on the other. It houses hotels, shops, and tourist-centric restaurants.[citation needed]

Venezia Lido, a public airport suitable for smaller aircraft, is found on the NE end of Lido di Venezia. It has a 1000 m grass runway.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1177, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Pope Alexander III signed the Treaty of Venice here following Frederick's defeat at the Battle of Legnano in 1176.[citation needed]

In 1202, at the beginning of the Fourth Crusade, it was used as a camp by tens of thousands of crusaders, who were blockaded there by the Venetians when they could not pay for the Venetian ships they needed for transport.[citation needed]

In 1857, the first sea bathing facility was set up. This was the first time that anything like it had been seen in Europe and soon, the lido became "The Lido", a byword for a beach resort. The Lido's success and the fascination of Venice nearby made the Lido famous worldwide.[citation needed]

Lido was also famous for its brothels in the first half of the 20th century.[citation needed]

Major beach facilities, hotels and private summer villas have remained the heart of an island that is still known as the "Golden Island".[citation needed]

In the 1960s, the improving post-war Italian economy created a real-estate boom in the island, and many Venetians moved to Lido to benefit from its modern infrastructure.

Legacy[edit]

The term Lido, originally coming from this island, is used to refer to certain types of outdoor swimming pools especially in Great Britain, and the "Lido deck" on a cruise ship. It also forms the first part of many place names in coastal locations throughout Italy. The British travel writer Robin Saikia has written a literary history, The Venice Lido, charting the island's story from its early beginnings to the present day, published by Blue Guides.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hughes, Holly (Jan 14, 2010). "Frommer's 500 Extraordinary Islands". John Wiley & Sons. p. 5. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 

External links[edit]