|Publisher||Lidové noviny AS|
|Political alignment||Liberal conservatism, right of center|
|Headquarters||Karla Engliše 519/11, Prague|
Lidové noviny (People's News, or The People's Newspaper, Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɪdovɛː ˈnovɪnɪ]) is a daily newspaper published in the Czech Republic. It is the oldest Czech daily. It is a national news daily covering political, economic, cultural and scientific affairs, mostly with a centre-right, conservative view. It often hosts commentaries and opinions of prominent personalities from the Czech Republic and from abroad.
History and profile
Lidové noviny was founded by Adolf Stránský in 1893 in Brno. Its high prestige was due to the number of famous Czech personalities that were contributing—writers, politicians and philosophers—and its attention toward foreign politics and culture. It was also the first Czech daily publishing political cartoons. Its publication was interrupted during World War II and was closed down in 1952.
In 1987 a group of political dissidents led by Jiří Ruml, Jiří Dienstbier and Ladislav Hejdánek recommenced the publication in a monthly samizdat version. In the autumn two "zero editions" were published and in January 1988 the first edition was issued. Since November 1989 it is being published legally and since the spring 1990 as a daily. Some years later it was merged with dissolving Lidová demokracie, from which they inherited the blue colour of the title.
In 1998 Lidové noviny became part of the German group Rheinisch-Bergische Druckerei und Verlagsgesellschaft GmbH (the publisher of the daily Rheinische Post in Germany) and its Czech subsidiary Mafra a.s., that is also publisher of the second largest Czech daily Mladá fronta Dnes, the Czech edition of the freesheet Metro, the TV music channel Óčko, the radio stations Expresradio and Rádio Classic FM and the weekly music magazine Filter. In 2013, MAFRA a.s. became a subsidiary of the Agrofert group, a company owned by the Czech Minister of Finance (as of 2014), Andrej Babiš. The publisher of the daily is Lidové noviny AS.
Its editor is currently Dalibor Balšínek. In October 2003 the daily had a circulation of 77,558 copies. The 2007 circulation of Lidové noviny was 70,680 copies. In 2008 it had a circulation of 70,413 copies and reaches up to 232,000 readers per day. The circulation of Lidové noviny was 58,543 copies in 2009, 49,920 copies in 2010 and 43,171 copies in 2011.
Before World War II, the newspaper's prestige was high, with many famous Czech intellectuals, such as Karel Čapek, being its editors. The contemporary variant concentrates more on infotainment to gain readership.
Among the contributors and editors of the old Lidové noviny, there were Karel Čapek, Josef Čapek, Richard Weiner, Eduard Bass, Karel Poláček, Rudolf Těsnohlídek, Jiří Mahen, Jan Drda, Václav Řezáč and the presidents Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and Edvard Beneš.
This list includes only editors of the new Lidové noviny.
- Jiří Ruml (1988–1990)
- Rudolf Zeman (1990–1991)
- Jaroslav Veis (1991–1992)
- Tomáš Smetánka (1992–1993)
- Jaromír Štětina (1993–1994)
- Jiří Kryšpín (1994) – interim
- Libor Ševčík (1994–1996)
- Jefim Fištejn (1996–1997)
- Pavel Šafr (1997–2000)
- Veselin Vačkov (2000–2009)
- Dalibor Balšínek (since 2009)
- List of newspapers in the Czech Republic
- Concentration of media ownership in the Czech Republic
- Petr Janyška
- Pre-workshop Report, Robert Schumann centre for Advanced Studies
- The Czech media landscape—print media
- R. G. Carlton (1965). "Newspapers from East Central and Southeastern Europe". Washington, DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Francová, Pavla (26 June 2013). "Miliardář Babiš mediálním magnátem. Koupil vydavatele MF Dnes, Lidových novin i Metra". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). iHNED. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Milan Smid. "Czech Republic". Mirovni Institut. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Jan Jirák; Barbara Köpplová (2008). "The Reality Show Called Democratization: Transformation of the Czech media After 1989". Global Media Journal 1 (4). Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "National newspapers total circulation". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations. Retrieved 5 December 2014.