Lidzbark Warmiński [ˈlʲid͡zbarɡ varˈmʲiɲskʲi] ( ( ) German: Heilsberg () is a town in the listen) Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is the capital of Lidzbark County.
History [ edit ]
The town was originally an
Old Prussian settlement known as Lecbarg until being conquered in 1240 by the Teutonic Knights, who named it Heilsberg. In 1306 it became the seat for the Bishopric of Warmia, then known by its German name Ermland, and remained the Prince-Bishop's seat for 500 years. In 1309 the settlement received town privileges. After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) weakened the Teutonic Order and ended its claim to the area, the town was integrated into the Polish province of Royal Prussia.
Nicolaus Copernicus lived at the castle for several years, and it is believed he wrote part of his there. De revolutionibus orbium coelestium
In the winter of 1703-04 the town was the residence of King
Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War.
Heilsberg was annexed with the rest of Warmia / Ermland by the
Kingdom of Prussia in the First Partition of Poland in 1772. In 1807 a battle took place near the town between the French under Murat and Soult and the Russians and Prussians under Bennigsen.
From 1933-45 Heilsberg was the site of the large German government radio station
Transmitter Heilsberg. The town was heavily damaged after its conquest by the Soviet Red Army during World War II in 1945. As part of territorial changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference, the area was ceded to Poland and its ethnic German population was expelled to the west. The town, renamed Lidzbark Warmiński, was gradually resettled by Poles, many of them from the parts of eastern Poland annexed by the Soviet Union.
Education [ edit ]
Wszechnica Warmińska, founded on 21 May 2004
Comprehensive Schools im. Kazimierza Jagiellończyka
Trade Schools im. Stanisława Staszica
Primary School No. 1 im. Mikołaja Kopernika
Primary School No. 3 im. Ignacego Krasickiego
Primary School No. 4 im. Jana Pawła II
High/grammar School No. 1
High/grammar School No. 2
National Music School I Level
Not Public Kindergarten No. "Kubuś"
Not Public Kindergarten No. "Miś"
Not Public Kindergarten No. "Puchatek"
Public Kindergarten No. 5
Public Kindergarten No. 6
Famous Persons [ edit ]
Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik) (1473–1547), famous astronomer, mathematician, physician, and canon
Eustathius von Knobelsdorf (1519–71), Warmia Domherr, poet, lyricist of noble family von Knobelsdorf
Matthias Johann Meyer or Matthias Meyer, (died 1737) baroque painter
Ernst Burchard (1876–1920), doctor and scientist
Bruno Hippler (1894–1942), officer
Ferdinand Schulz (1892–1929), German sail gliding pioneer, named Ikarus von Ostpreussen
Zbigniew Mikołejko (born 1951), philosopher and historian of religion
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 54°07′N 20°35′E / 54.117°N 20.583°E