Liebenburg

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Liebenburg
Liebenburg Castle Church
Liebenburg Castle Church
Coat of arms of Liebenburg
Coat of arms
Liebenburg   is located in Germany
Liebenburg
Liebenburg
Coordinates: 52°01′27″N 10°26′02″E / 52.02417°N 10.43389°E / 52.02417; 10.43389Coordinates: 52°01′27″N 10°26′02″E / 52.02417°N 10.43389°E / 52.02417; 10.43389
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Goslar
Subdivisions 10 districts
Government
 • Mayor Hubert Spaniol (SPD)
Area
 • Total 78.73 km2 (30.40 sq mi)
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,465
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38704
Dialling codes 05346
Vehicle registration GS
Website www.liebenburg.de

Liebenburg is a municipality in the district of Goslar, in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area is situated north of the Harz mountain range, within the eastern Salzgitter Hills of the Innerste Uplands. It borders on the district capital Goslar, approx. 12 km (7.5 mi) in the south; the adjacent municipalities in the north are Salzgitter-Bad and Schladen in Wolfenbüttel District.

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipality comprises Liebenburg proper (with 2,729 inhabitants) and the following nine villages, which were incorporated on 1 July 1972:

  • Dörnten (1,475 inhabitants)
  • Groß Döhren (1,134)
  • Heißum (384)
  • Klein Döhren (499)
  • Klein Mahner (372)
  • Neuenkirchen (268)
  • Ostharingen (314)
  • Othfresen (2,302) with Heimerode and Posthof
  • Upen (448)

History[edit]

Preserved walls of Liebenburg Castle

From 1292 to 1302, Liebenburg Castle was erected by the Hildesheim bishop Siegfried II of Querfurt where his bishopric bordered on the lands of the Dukes of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Pawned to the citizens of Braunschweig from 1366, it was seized by Duke Henry V the Younger of Brunswick-Wolfebüttel during the Hildesheim Diocesan Feud in 1523. The duke in turn lost it to the Protestant Schmalkaldic League, whose troops campaigned the Brunswick lands from 1542 until 1547. During the Thirty Years' War, the stronghold was used as headquarters by Albrecht von Wallenstein in 1625, it was occupied by Swedish troops in 1633 and reconquered by Imperial forces in 1641.

The heavily damaged castle was restored to Hildesheim, while day laborers and craftsmen lived within the walls. The Hildesheim prince-bishops promoted the settlement of Catholic families. The castle itself was partly rebuilt in a Baroque style by the order of Bishop Clemens August of Bavaria until the outbreak of the Seven Years' War in 1756. After the bishopric was finally secularised in 1802, Liebenburg fell to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814.

Demographics[edit]

Population statistics
Year Inhabitants
1821 4,464
1848 5,710
1871 5,737
1885 5,727
1905 6,535
1925 6,375
Year Inhabitants
1933 6,167
1939 8,206
1946 13,208
1950 13,700
1956 12,279
Year Inhabitants
1961 11,687
1968 11,143
1970 10,982
1975 10,405
1980 9,851
Year Inhabitants
1985 9,502
1990 9,655
1995 9,803
2000 9,693
2005 9,431

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2011 council elections:

External links[edit]

References[edit]