As there is no national league in Liechtenstein, the Liechtenstein Football Cup is the only national football competition in the country. The country has only seven national clubs all of which historically have already established themselves in the Swiss league competitions. The national cup competition is the only route for Liechtenstein to be represented at the European football club competitions.
The competition has an unusual format in that not only can the first teams of the main seven football clubs enter, but also the reserve sides, which all play in lower divisions in the Swiss league system. This can lead to some unusual scenarios, such as in the second round of the 2006–07 cup, where FC Triesenberg's second team went through, but the first team was knocked out.
Teams from the same football club can be drawn together in any round of the competition. In the 2009–10 competition semi-final stage, USV Eschen/Mauren were drawn with USV Eschen/Mauren II.
Teams are seeded based on the performance in the previous year's competition, and the seeding determines which round the team will start the competition in.