Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania

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The Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras or LGGRTC) is a state research institute in Lithuania dedicated to investigation of the crimes against humanity and other persecutions during the Soviet and Nazi occupations (1940–1990), including mass deportations, the Holocaust in Lithuania, and annihilation of the Lithuanian partisans. The centre was founded on 25 October 1992 by the Supreme Council of the Lithuanian Republic as the "State Genocide Research Centre of Lithuiania". [1]

The centre is a member organisation of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience.[2]

Activities[edit]

The centre's activities include investigations of armed and peaceful resistance, providing juridical evaluations of the perpetrators, and commemorating the resistance fighters and genocide victims. For example, the centre recommends former members of resistance for larger state pensions and other awards.[3]

The centre publishes the academic journal Genocidas ir rezistencija and operates the Museum of Genocide Victims in the former prison of KGB in Vilnius and memorial at the Tuskulėnai Manor. One of its long-term research projects is a database and multi-volume publication of names and biographies of the victims of the Soviet and Nazi persecutions.[4] In 2001–2001, the centre handled some 22,000 applications for compensation from the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future".[5]

In 1998, Lithuania passed a law restricting employment in the public sector for former employees of the KGB, the MGB, and other Soviet security institutions. The centre and the State Security Department had the authority to determine whether a person was an employee of the KGB.[6]

In 1999–2002, the centre was involved in legal proceedings regarding Nachman Dushanski, a suspected war criminal against the Lithuanians and an Israeli citizen.[7] In 2002, commemorating the 30th anniversary of Romas Kalanta self-immolation, Seimas listed May 14 as the Civil Resistance Day (Lithuanian: Pilietinio pasipriešinimo diena) based on recommendations by the centre.[8]

Directors[edit]

The centre's director is nominated by the Prime Minister of Lithuania and confirmed by the Seimas (Lithuanian parliament).[9]

On November 26, 1992, Juozas Starkauskas was approved by the Lithuanian government to be the acting head of the centre.[1]

On 17 February 1994 the Seimas appointed Vytautas Skuodis general director of the reorganized centre.[1]

On 18 February 1997 Dalia Kuodytė was appointed general director.[1]

In 2009, the Seimas confirmed Birutė Burauskaitė, a dissident of long standing, as the Center's director.[10]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°40′45″N 25°17′14″E / 54.67917°N 25.28722°E / 54.67917; 25.28722