|Number of teams||16X4|
|Levels on pyramid||4|
|Promotion to||A League|
|Relegation to||Liga Gimel|
|Domestic cup(s)||State Cup|
|Current champions||Beitar Nahariya (North A)
Hapoel Beit She'an (North B)
Hapoel Mahane Yehuda (South A)
Maccabi Beer Ya'akov (South B)
|Website|| (North A)
 (North B)
 (South A)
 (South B)
League football started in Israel in 1949–50, a year after independence. However, the financial and security crises gripping the young nation caused the 1950–51 season to be abandoned before it had started. When football resumed in 1951–52, the new top division went by the name of Liga Alef with Liga Bet as the second division. The 1952–53 season was also not played, and Liga Bet resumed in 1953–54.
The following season, Liga Leumit came into existence as the new top division, with Liga Alef becoming the second division and Liga Bet demoted to the third division. In the summer of 1976, restructuring saw the creation of Liga Artzit as a new second tier, and the second demotion of Liga Bet, as it became the fourth division. Further restructuring to create the Israeli Premier League in the summer of 1999 saw Liga Bet demoted again, this time to the fifth tier. At the end of the 2008–09 season, Liga Artzit was scrapped as the Premier League and Liga Leumit were expanded to 16 clubs each, resulting in Liga Bet returning to the fourth tier.
Since the 1959-60 season, Liga Bet is split into four regional divisions, North A, North B, South A and South B. Because Israel's northern half is much more densely populated than the desert south, the divisions are not spread equally and the southernmost division, South B, covers about two-thirds of the country. Although this inequality is partially offset by the fact that there are so few clubs south of Be'er Sheva (Arad, Dimona, Yeroham, Mitzpe Ramon and Eilat are the only sizable towns south of the city), the northern clubs tend to be clustered in the Galilee region, making travel to away matches much less of a chore.
Each division has sixteen clubs, who play each other home and away to make a 30-game season. The club finishing top of each regional division is promoted to Liga Alef, whilst the second to fifth placed clubs in each division play-off at the end of the season, until the play-off winner of North A faces the play-off winner of North B, and the play-off winner of South A faces the play-off winner of South B. the two winners advance to a decisive match against the two third-bottom clubs in Liga Alef, North and South, for a place in that division. The club finishing bottom of each regional division is relegated to Liga Gimel, the fifth and bottom tier, whilst another club from each division is relegated after relegation play-offs, involving the clubs that finished twelfth to fifteenth in each division. Coming into Liga Bet are the two clubs are relegated from each of the regional Liga Alef divisions (and one or two more, had they failed the play-off) and the eight clubs promoted from Liga Gimel. The clubs are then pooled and assigned to the most geographically appropriate of the four divisions.
The following teams participating at the 2013–14 season:
Liga Bet North A
Liga Bet North B
Liga Bet South A
Liga Bet South B
|1998–99||Hapoel Hurfeish||Hapoel Karmiel, Beitar Tiberias, Hapoel Bu'eine|
|1999–2000||Tzeirei Nahf||Hapoel Tel Hanan, Maccabi Givat HaRakafot|
|2000–01||Maccabi Ironi Shlomi||Beitar Safed, Hapoel Ironi I'billin|
|2001–02||Hapoel Tuba||Hapoel Ramot Menashe Megiddo 1|
|2002–03||Hapoel Makr||Hapoel Caesarea 2|
|2003–04||Hapoel Bnei Jadeidi||Maccabi Bir al-Maksur 3|
|2004–05||Maccabi Sektzia Ma'alot 4||Beitar Acre 5|
|2005–06||Beitar Safed||Hapoel Ironi I'billin 6|
|2006–07||Beitar Ihud Mashhad||Hapoel Reineh 7|
|2007–08||Ahva Arraba 8||Maccabi Kafr Yasif, Hapoel Yanuh|
|2008–09||Maccabi Ironi Jatt||Bnei Abu Snan, Beitar Kafr Kanna|
|2009–10||Ahi Acre||Maccabi Ironi Kabul, Hapoel Halat El Sharif Tamra|
|2010–11||Maccabi Sektzia Ma'alot||Hapoel Nahariya, Maccabi Kafr Sumei Jamil|
|2011–12||Tzeirei Bir al-Maksur 9||Maccabi Ironi Tirat HaCarmel, Hapoel Bnei Jadeidi|
|2012–13||Beitar Nahariya||Hapoel Ahva Haifa, Tzeirei Bir al-Maksur|
1 Only 15 teams competed in the season 2001–02 and second-bottom Hapoel Bnei Manda were excused from relegation as numbers were made up.
2 Hapoel Sakhnin finished bottom but were not demoted.
3 Beitar Acre finished bottom but were not demoted.
4 Hapoel Umm al-Fahm were also promoted after play-off match.
5 Season played with only 15 teams.
6 Hapoel Deir Hana finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted as both teams relegated from the northern division of Liga Alef folded.
7 Maccabi Sektzia Ma'alot finished bottom but were not relegated.
8 Maccabi Tamra were also promoted after play-off victory over Beitar Haifa of Liga Alef North.
9 There was no automatic promotion in 2011-12 season. Tzeiri Bir al-Maksur lost in promotion play-offs to Hapoel Migdal HaEmek of North B and to Hapoel Hadera of Liga Alef North.
|1998–99||Maccabi Hadera||Hapoel Ilut, Maccabi Umm al-Fahm|
|1999–2000||Maccabi Ironi Tirat HaCarmel||Ironi Zikhron Ya'akov, Hapoel Barta'a, Maccabi Beit She'an|
|2000–01||Hapoel Asi Gilboa||Beitar Iksal, Ironi Umm al-Fahm|
|2001–02||Maccabi Tzur Shalom||Maccabi Baqa al-Gharbiyye, Hapoel Fureidis|
|2002–03||Hapoel Reineh||Hapoel Nahliel 1|
|2003–04||Hapoel Afula||Hapoel Bnei Nazareth 2|
|2004–05||Hapoel Bnei Tamra||Hapoel Kafr Masr 2|
|2005–06||Hapoel Ahva Haifa 3||None 4|
|2006–07||Ironi Umm Al-Fahm 5||Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel, Hapoel Tel Hanan|
|2007–08||Maccabi Kafr Qara||Hapoel Yokneam, Maccabi Or Akiva|
|2008–09||Maccabi Umm al-Fahm||Maccabi Kafr Sumei Jamil, Maccabi Sha'ab|
|2009–10||Hapoel Daliyat al-Karmel 6||Beitar Ihud Mashhad, Hapoel Bnei Musmus Ma'ale Iron|
|2010–11||Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel 7||Hapoel Ironi Ar'ara, Hapoel Bnei Jisr az-Zarqa|
|2011–12||Hapoel Migdal HaEmek||Maccabi Or Akiva, Maccabi Ironi Barta'a|
|2012–13||Hapoel Beit She'an Mesilot||F.C. Kafr Kama, Ihud Bnei Baqa|
1 Hapoel Bnei Nazareth finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
2 Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
3 Beitar Haifa were also promoted after play-off victory over Maccabi Tamra of Liga Alef North.
4 Season played with 15 teams. Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel finished bottom but were not demoted as both teams relegated from the northern division of Liga Alef folded.
5 Ironi Tiberias were also promoted after play-off victory over Hapoel Kisra-Sumei of Liga Alef North.
6 Hapoel Ramot Menashe Megiddo were also promoted after play-off victory over Hapoel Bnei Jadeidi of Liga Alef North.
7 F.C. Givat Olga were also promoted after play-off victory over Ironi Sayid Umm al-Fahm of Liga Alef North.
|1998–99||Hapoel Kiryat Ono||Maccabi Qalansawe, Hapoel Tel Mond, Maccabi Aharon Holon|
|1999–2000||Hapoel Herzliya||Hapoel Ar'ara|
|2001–02||Maccabi HaShikma Ramat Hen||Beitar Ariel, Beitar Nes Tubruk 1|
|2002–03||Maccabi Kafr Qasim||Bnei Tayibe 2|
|2003–04||Hapoel Qalansawe||Maccabi Montefiore 3|
|2004–05||Ironi Bat Yam||Maccabi Bnei Tira, Beitar Kiryat Ono|
|2005–06||Maccabi Amishav Petah Tikva||Beitar Jaffa, AS Holon|
|2006–07||Maccabi Ironi Kfar Yona||Hapoel Kiryat Ono, Bnei Jaffa|
|2007–08||Hapoel Hadera||Beitar Pardes Hana, Hapoel Qalansawe|
|2008–09||Shimshon Bnei Tayibe||Hapoel Ironi Hod HaSharon, Maccabi Ironi Or Yehuda|
|2009–10||Maccabi Kabilio Jaffa||Otzma F.C. Holon, Hapoel Ramat Yisrael|
|2010–11||Beitar Kfar Saba||Beitar Petah Tikva, Hapoel Oranit|
|2011–12||Hapoel Azor||Hapoel Pardesiya, Shimshon Bnei Tayibe|
|2012–13||Hapoel Mahane Yehuda 4||Gadna Tel Aviv, Shikun Vatikim Ramat Gan|
1 Season played with 18 teams.
2 Maccabi Yehud finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
3 Maccabi Yehud finished bottom but were transferred to Liga Bet South B.
4 F.C. Kafr Qasim were also promoted after play-off victory over Hapoel Arad of Liga Alef South
|1998–99||AS Ramat Eliyahu||Beitar Beit Shemesh|
|2000–01||Ironi Ofakim||Hapoel Rahat1|
|2001–02||Maccabi Be'er Sheva||Maccabi Neve Alon Lod, Hapoel Aliyah Kfar Saba|
|2002–03||Beitar Giv'at Ze'ev||Hapoel Rahat, Hapoel Sde Uzziah|
|2003–04||Hapoel Bnei Lod||Maccabi Kiryat Ekron, Hapoel Oranit|
|2004–05||Hapoel Arad 2||None 3|
|2005–06||Maxim Lod 4 5||Maccabi Yehud 6|
|2006–07||Maccabi Ironi Netivot||Maccabi Kiryat Ekron, Bnei Lakhish|
|2007–08||Hapoel Masos Shaqib al-Salam 7||Hapoel Tel Sheva, Hapoel Oranit|
|2008–09||Tzafririm Holon||Hapoel F.C. Hevel Modi'in, Hapoel Jaljulia|
|2009–10||Bnei Eilat||Hapoel Rahat, Hapoel Tirat Shalom|
|2010–11||Hapoel Katamon 8||Beitar Giv'at Ze'ev, Ironi Ramla|
|2011–12||Maccabi Sha'arayim||Maccabi Ironi Sderot, Hapoel Mevaseret Zion|
|2012–13||Maccabi Be'er Ya'akov||Hapoel Merhavim, Bnei Yehud|
1 Hapoel Aliyah Kfar Saba finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
2 Ironi Nes Tziona were also promoted after play-off match.
3 Tzeirei Rahat and Maccabi Yehud finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
4 Ironi Ramla were also promoted after play-off victory over Maccabi Sha'arayim of Liga Alef South.
5 Maccabi Kiryat Malakhi were also promoted due to the merger of Liga Alef South clubs, Beitar Kiryat Gat and Maccabi Kiryat Gat.
6 Bnei Lakhish finished in the relegation zone but were not demoted.
7 Hapoel Arad were also promoted after play-off victory over Tzafririm Holon of Liga Alef South.
8 F.C Ortodoxim Lod were also promoted after play-off victory over Hapoel Nahlat Yehuda of Liga Alef South.