Light cone gauge

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In theoretical physics, light cone gauge is an approach to remove the ambiguities arising from a gauge symmetry. While the term refers to several situations, a null component of a field A is set to zero (or a simple function of other variables) in all cases.[1][2]

Gauge theory[edit]

In gauge theory, light-cone gauge refers to the condition A^+=0 where

A^+ (x^0,x^1,x^2,x^3) = A^0 (x^0,x^1,x^2,x^3) +A^3 (x^0,x^1,x^2,x^3)

It is a method to get rid of the redundancies implied by Yang–Mills symmetry.

String theory[edit]

In string theory, light-cone gauge fixes the reparameterization invariance on the world sheet by

X^+(\sigma, \tau) = p^+ \tau

where p^+ is a constant and \tau is the worldsheet time.

The advantage of light-cone gauge is that all ghosts and other unphysical degrees of freedom can be eliminated. The disadvantage is that some symmetries such as Lorentz symmetry become obscured (they become non-manifest, i.e. hard to prove).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The light cone gauge by Prof. Samir D. Mathur
  2. ^ QCD calculations in the light-cone gauge Nuclear Physics B - Volume 165, Issue 2, 24 March 1980, Pages 237–268 by D.J. Pritchard, W.J. Stirling [1]