United States lightship Columbia (WLV-604)

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Lightship Columbia
Career (USA) US Lighthouse Service
Name: USCGC Columbia (WLV-604)
Namesake: Columbia River
Builder: Rice Brothers Corporation, Boothbay, Maine
Launched: 1950
Commissioned: 1951
Decommissioned: 1979
In service: 1951
Homeport: Astoria, Oregon
Status: Museum ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 617 long tons (627 t)
Length: 128 ft (39 m)
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Draft: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Propulsion: 1 × 550 hp (410 kW) Atlas-Imperial direct reversing 8-cylinder diesel engine
Speed: 10.7 knots (19.8 km/h; 12.3 mph)
Complement: 17 enlisted, 1 warrant officer[1]
Anchor: 7,000 lb (3,200 kg) mushroom anchor
Light: 600 kilocandela lens, 1,200 watt light (13 nmi (24 km; 15 mi) range)
Foghorn: Diaphone foghorn (5 mi (8.0 km) range)
Lightship WAL-604, "Columbia"
United States lightship Columbia (WLV-604) is located in Oregon
United States lightship Columbia (WLV-604)
Location 1792 Marine Drive, Astoria, Oregon
Coordinates 46°11′25″N 123°49′26″W / 46.19038056°N 123.8240056°W / 46.19038056; -123.8240056Coordinates: 46°11′25″N 123°49′26″W / 46.19038056°N 123.8240056°W / 46.19038056; -123.8240056
Built 1950
Architect Rice Brothers
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 89002463
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 20, 1989[2]
Designated NHL December 20, 1989[3]

United States lightship Columbia (WLV-604) is a lightship located in Astoria, Oregon, United States of America. Columbia was formerly moored near the mouth of the Columbia River.

History[edit]

Commissioned in 1951, Columbia was the fourth and final lightship stationed at the mouth of the Columbia River. Built by Rice Brothers Shipyard in Boothbay, Maine, Columbia was launched with her sister-ship, Relief (WLV-605). The new WLV-604 replaced the aging Columbia vessel No. 90, which had been in service on the Columbia River since 1939. The Columbia River lightships guided vessels across the Columbia River Bar and an area known as the Graveyard of the Pacific from 1892 until 1979. Columbia was the final lightship to be decommissioned on the U.S. West coast. She was replaced by an automated navigational buoy soon after. The buoy has since been retired.

Because of its importance, the Coast Guard had a permanent 18 man crew stationed on board, consisting of 17 enlisted men and one warrant officer who served as ship's captain. Everything the crew needed had to be on board. In the winter, weeks of rough weather prevented any supplies from being delivered. Life on board the lightship was marked by long stretches of monotony and boredom intermixed with riding gale force storms. The crew worked two to four week rotations, with ten men on duty at all times.[4][5]

In 1983, Columbia was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[6] She was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989 under the name Lightship WAL-604, "Columbia".[3][7] WLV-604 is now located at the Columbia River Maritime Museum, alongside the navigational buoy that replaced her in 1979.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Lightship Station Assignments". U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b "LIGHTSHIP Wal-604 "COLUMBIA"". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  4. ^ "WLV-604-Columbia Lightship". rudyalicelighthouse.net. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  5. ^ "WLV-605-Lightship RELIEF". rudyalicelighthouse.net. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places #89002463". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  7. ^ Delgado, James P. (30 June 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Lightship WAL-604 "Columbia" / Columbia WLV-604". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-28.  and
    Delgado, James P. (30 June 1989). "Accompanying 5 photos, exterior, from c.1960, 1980, 1982.". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]