Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (1997–2003)

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This article is about the flag carrier of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1997 and 2003. For an active airline with the same name, see Lignes Aériennes Congolaises.
Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (1997–2003)
IATA
6V[1]
ICAO
LCG
Callsign
CONGOLAISE
Founded 1997 (1997)
Commenced operations 1997 (1997)
Ceased operations 2003 (2003)
Hubs
Headquarters Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (English: Congolese Airlines) was the flag carrier of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was established in 1997 to succeed the folded Air Zaire. Halting operations in 1999, it was reactivated for a short period in 2002, only to cease operations for good in 2003.

History[edit]

The airline was set up in 1997, and started operations the same year.[1] It was a reorganisation of Air Zaïre.[2]

In 1999, a contract with the Belgian carrier City Bird to wet-lease a Boeing 767-300ER was signed.[3] Under this agreement, the airline would serve the Kinshasa–Brussels route, with the Belgian carrier codesharing the service.[4] Despite the agreement came into being as of April 1999 for a five-year period, it was scrapped in November the same year.[5]

Destinations[edit]

Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (LAC) served the following destinations all through its history:[1]

City Airport Code Airport Name Notes
IATA ICAO
 Belgium
Brussels BRU EBBR Brussels Airport
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa FIH FZAA N'djili Airport Hub
Lubumbashi FBM FZQA Lubumbashi International Airport
 Nigeria
Lagos LOS DNMM Murtala Muhammed International Airport
 South Africa
Johannesburg JNB FAJS OR Tambo International Airport
 Togo
Lomé LFW DXXX Lomé-Tokoin Airport
 Zimbabwe
Harare HRE FVHA Harare International Airport

Codeshare agreements[edit]

There was a short-lived agreement between City Bird and LAC to codeshare the Kinshasa–Brussels route, operated by LAC but with City Bird equipment.[6][7] Since late 2000, LAC codeshared the HarareLubumbashi–Kinshasa route, actually operated by Air Zimbabwe; the same agreement enabled Air Zimbabwe to place its code on the Kinshasa–Brussels service, operated by LAC.[8]

Fleet[edit]

A Boeing 767-200ER in Lignes Aériennes Congolaises livery at Zaventem Airport in 2002.

Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises operated the following equipment all throughout its history:[9]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Accidents involving fatalities[edit]

Non-fatal hull-losses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "World Airline Directory—LAC – Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises". Flight International: 95. 27 March 2001 – 2 April 2001. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Kisangani, Emizet François and F. Scott Bobb. Historical Dictionary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Scarecrow Press, 2010. 16. Retrieved from Google Books on February 13, 2012. ISBN 0-8108-5761-8, ISBN 978-0-8108-5761-2.
  3. ^ "Routes". Flightglobal. Flight International. 31 March 1999. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Brussels-based Société Générale de Gestion et de Transport (SIGT) has been appointed general sales agent for cargo by Congo airline Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (LAC) to help redevelop activities between Europe and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Government owned LAC, which succeeds former Air Zaire that went bankrupt, has contracted Brussels-based long-haul low-cost airline City Bird to provide a Boeing 767-300ER on wet-lease, initially to begin scheduled services between Kinshasa and Europe (Brussels). City Bird will also operate freight services using an Airbus A300-600F. 
  4. ^ "Routes". Flightglobal. Airline Business. 1 April 1999. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. City Bird in Kinshasa - City Bird has inked a five-year codesharing agreement with Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises between Europe and Kinshasa using LAC flight codes but Citybird aircraft. 
  5. ^ "City Bird suspends Kinshasa service". Flightglobal. Flight International. 3 November 1999. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Routes". Flightglobal. Flight International. 1 December 1999. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. City Bird has ceased operations between Kinshasa and Brussels on behalf of Lignes Aériennes Congolaises. The Belgian airline says the political climate in the Democratic Republic of Congo makes "it impossible" to invest there. 
  7. ^ "CityBird threatens Sabena". Flightglobal. Flight International. 14 July 1999. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. The Brussels-Kinshasa weekly service began on 17 May, offering competition on what has been a high-yield route for Sabena. 
  8. ^ "Routes". Flightglobal. Flight International. 19 December 2000. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Air Zimbabwe is operating a Boeing 767 under a codesharing agreement with Lignes Aériennes Congolaises (LAC) on the Harare-Lubumbashi-Kinshasa route. The flight then continues with an LAC flight number to Paris and Brussels. 
  9. ^ "SubFleets for: Lignes Aériennes Congolaises". AeroTransport Data Bank. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Accident description for 9Q-CSG at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 28 October 2011.
  11. ^ Accident description for 9Q-CNK at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 28 October 2011.