Liinakhamari

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Liinakhamari (English)
Лиинахамари (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Posyolok[1]
Liinahamari harbour.jpg
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Liinakhamari is located in Murmansk Oblast
Liinakhamari
Liinakhamari
Location of Liinakhamari in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 69°38′00″N 031°15′00″E / 69.63333°N 31.25000°E / 69.63333; 31.25000Coordinates: 69°38′00″N 031°15′00″E / 69.63333°N 31.25000°E / 69.63333; 31.25000
Administrative status (as of 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Pechengsky District[1]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 475 inhabitants[2]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 184402
Dialing code(s) +7 81554[5]
Liinakhamari on WikiCommons
Harbour of Liinahamari in Petsamo, Finland during the 1930s

Liinakhamari (Russian: Лиинахамари; Finnish: Liinahamari; Swedish: Limhammar) is an ice-free harbour and a rural locality in Pechengsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia. The harbour belonged to Finland from 1920 until 1944 when it was handed over to the Soviet Union.

Liinakhamari was handed over to Finland after the Treaty of Tartu in 1920. Liinakhamari was Finland's only ocean harbour. The so-called Arctic Sea Road from Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari was ready by 1931. The harbour housed a toll, a fish factory, and a hotel. The harbour was extended by the end of the 1930s.

During the Russo-Finnish Winter War, the Soviet Union conquered Liinakhamari, but it was given back to Finland in the Moscow Peace Treaty. During 1940–1941, the peace-time period between the Winter War and the Continuation War, Liinakhamari was Finland's and Sweden's only route past the German and Soviet areas of influence. Ten thousand men were working along the Arctic Sea Road helping thousands of trucks to transport cargo from the northernmost railway station in Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari harbour. The trip was almost 700 miles up North along the narrow gravelled road, in the middle of sparsely inhabited Arctic taiga.

During the Continuation War 1941–1944 Liinakhamari was governed by German forces. The harbour was attacked by Royal Air Force Fairey Albacore and Fairey Swordfish bomber aircraft on 30 July 1941. Fairey Fulmar fighters were covering the bombers. (See Raid on Kirkenes and Petsamo.) The United Kingdom announced the declaration of war between UK and Finland half a year later.

Finnish civilians were evacuated when Lapland War between Germany and the Finns broke out autumn 1944. The harbour was conquered from the Germans by Soviet troops on 12 October 1944. Liinakhamari was handed over to the Soviet Union according to rules of the Moscow armistice.

Liinakhamari is currently a military harbor. During the Cold War, the harbor was a submarine base and at present it is housing border patrol boats.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d OKATO, Part 2. Code 47 215 562
  2. ^ Статистический сборник Численность, размещение и возрастно-половой состав населения Мурманской области. Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения. Том 1. 2012 / Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Мурманской области. Мурманск, 2012 — 75 с.
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ Russian Post. Эталонный справочник индексов объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  5. ^ Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России «Мой Город» (Russian)

External links[edit]