Shevtsova received B.A. and M.A. in history and journalism from Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1971. She also received Ph.D. in political science from the Academy of Social Sciences of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (the highest educational establishment of the CPSU, which prepared theoretical workers for Party institutions) in 1976. She served as director of the Center for Political Studies in Moscow, and as deputy director of the Moscow Institute of International Economic and Political Studies.
In the 2008 Top 100 Public Intellectuals Poll she was ranked 36. She writes for Foreign Policy magazine. Her areas of expertise include: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Caspian, Chechnya, Eastern Europe, Georgia, Kosovo, Political reform, Russia, Caucasus, Politics of Russia, and Ukraine.
- Lonely Power: Why Russia Has Failed to Become the West and the West is Weary of Russia (2010)
- Putin's Russia (January 2005)
- Lonely Superpower: Russia's Uneasy Relationship With the West (June 2010)
- Russia - Lost in Transition: The Yeltsin and Putin Legacies (November 2007)
- Russia's Engagement With the West: Transformation And Integration in the Twenty-first Century (June 2005)
- Yeltsin's Russia: Myths and Reality (May 1999)
- Political Pluralism in Post-Communist Russia, in: Alexander Dallin (ed.): Political Parties in Russia, International and Area Studies, Research Series No. 88, University of California at Berkeley 1993 ISBN 0-87725-188-6
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
- "Lilia Shevtsova, Senior Associate: Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- "Glasnost and the Role of the Intellectual in the Late Gorbachev Era". PBS.
- "Intellectuals". Prospect magazine. 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Lilia Shevtsova, Senior Associate: Moscow Center". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- "Books by Lilia Shevtsova". Amazon.com.
- The Case for Restraint November - December 2007 issue of The American Interest