Lilium martagon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lilium martagon
Lilium martagon a.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: L. martagon
Binomial name
Lilium martagon
Lilium martagon

Lilium martagon (martagon lily[1] or Turk's cap lily) is a species of lily. It has a widespread native region extending from eastern France east through northern Asia to Mongolia and Korea (cold Temperatures). Several subspecies have been named. Horticulturally it is in Division IX (true species). It is stem-rooting, growing between 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) and 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) tall. The flower colour is typically a pink-purple, with dark spots, but is quite variable, extending from near white to near black. The flowers are scented. Numerous flowers are borne on each plant, and up to 50 can be found on vigorous plants. The green stems can be flushed with purple or red and the leaves are elliptic to inverse lanceolate, mostly in whorls, up to 16 centimetres (6.3 in) long and often lightly hairy underneath.[2]

This plant[3] and the white form 'Album'[4] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

L. martagon was used in hybridising with L. hansonii at the end of the 19th century by Mrs RO Backhouse of Hereford, England.[5]


The name Turk's cap lily, also applied to a number of other species, comes from the characteristic reflexed shape of the petals. The specific epithet martagon is a Turkish word which also means turban or cap.[6]

It is also named as Lily of Istanbul or Sultan Lily or Dragon Lily.


  • The European Garden Flora, 1986.
  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ Christopher Brickell (1996). The RHS Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. London: Dorling Kindersly. p. 615. ISBN 0-7513-0436-0. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lilium martagon". Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lilium martagon 'Album'". Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ Andrew Mikolajski, The New Plant Library - Lilies, Lorenz Books, Anness Publishing Ltd, New York, 1998, p10, ISBN 1-85967-634-0
  6. ^ Allen J Coombes (1985). The Hamlyn Guide to Plant Names. Reed International Books. p. 118. ISBN 0-600-57545-4.