Lillehammer

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Lillehammer kommune
Municipality
Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Coat of arms of Lillehammer kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lillehammer kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Lillehammer within Oppland
Lillehammer within Oppland
Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250
Country Norway
County Oppland
District Gudbrandsdal
Administrative centre Lillehammer
Government
 • Mayor (2012) Christian Fotland
Area
 • Total 477 km2 (184 sq mi)
 • Land 450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Area rank 211 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 26,639
 • Rank 33 in Norway
 • Density 56/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.0 %
Demonym Lillehamring[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0501
Official language form Bokmål
Website lillehammer.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lillehammer (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈlɪləˈhɑmər]  ( listen)) is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of May 2011, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 26,639. The city centre is a late 19th-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer hosted the 1994 Winter Olympics and will host the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics.[2] It was included as part of a bid with applicant host City of Oslo to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo wins the rights to hold the Games.

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Hamar (Norse Hamarr) farm, since the first church was built there. The name is identical with the word hamarr 'rocky hill'. To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric of Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar and Litlihamarr and finally Lillehammer.

It is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr ("Little Trading Place").[3][4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898. The arms show a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer to Rena on skis.[5]

History[edit]

Lillehammer Church

The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. It is also mentioned as a site for council in 1390. It had a lively market by the 1800s, and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.

The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.

The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.

Lillehammer was the site of the Lillehammer affair in 1973 where operatives of the Israeli Mossad shot and killed a Moroccan waiter they mistakenly thought was involved in the Munich Massacre.

Lillehammer was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is known for being a typical venue for winter sporting events. Lillehammer will host the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics. It is currently part of a joint bid with applicant host city Oslo to host events part of the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo wins the rights to the games.

In 2005, the popular British automotive show Top Gear aired its "Winter Olympics special", an episode of various Olympic event-themed challenges involving cars, set in the surrounding area of Lillehammer.

Education[edit]

A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Lower Secondary School Lillehammer High School, Mesna High School, Vargstad High School are the three public high schools in Lillehammer, in addition to the private Norges Toppidrettsgymnas. Lillehammer University College is situated just north of the town itself.

Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy: The Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with different political, religious, and cultural backgrounds. The Academy is founded on the inheritance of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge about this inheritance.

The 14th World Scout Jamboree was held July 29 to August 7, 1975 and was hosted by Norway at Lillehammer.

Geography[edit]

Lillehammer is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. Lillehammer has a subarctic inland climate. It has moderate precipitation, higher in summer and autumn. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lillehammer
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −6
(21)
−4
(25)
1
(34)
6
(43)
13
(55)
18
(64)
19
(66)
17
(63)
12
(54)
7
(45)
0
(32)
−4
(25)
7
(45)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9
(16)
−7.5
(18.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.5
(34.7)
8
(46)
13
(55)
14
(57)
12.5
(54.5)
8
(46)
4
(39)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
4.3
(39.7)
Average low °C (°F) −12
(10)
−11
(12)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
8
(46)
9
(48)
8
(46)
4
(39)
1
(34)
−6
(21)
−10
(14)
−1.5
(29.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.81)
35
(1.38)
40
(1.57)
37
(1.46)
58
(2.28)
77
(3.03)
89
(3.5)
90
(3.54)
86
(3.39)
85
(3.35)
68
(2.68)
50
(1.97)
761
(29.96)
Avg. precipitation days 16 13 13 11 14 16 18 17 16 16 16 16 182
Source: World Weather Information Service[6]

Economy[edit]

The basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer is now all but industry-less.

Transport[edit]

One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovrebanen, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.

European route E6 passes through Lillehammer.

Attractions[edit]

Storgata shopping area

In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions:

  • The Norwegian Olympic Museum is the only museum in Northern Europe that shows whole the Olympic history from the ancient times and up to today, including all Summer- and Wintergames. The museum also houses the Norwegian Sports Hall of Fame and a special section about the Lillehammer `94 Olympic Wintergames. The museum is located in the Håkons Hall.
  • Hafjell (Ski resort 15 km from Lillehammer, host of slalom and super-G in the Olympic games 1994)
  • Kvitfjell (Ski resort 55 km from Lillehammer, host of downhill in the Olympic games 1994)
  • The art museum, "Flygelet" -> "The Grand Piano"
  • Sjusjøen is a skiing destination with forest and mountain terrain only 20 kilometres (12 miles) away (east) from the centre of Lillehammer in the municipality of Ringsaker.

Sport[edit]

Olympic ski jump

Sportclubs[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Sigrid Undset lived in Lillehammer at her home "Bjerkebæk" from 1919 through 1940. She brought her children with her for a short rest, planning on returning to Oslo. However, she chose to remain in Lillehammer. She wrote her most famous works there: the three-volume Kristin Lavransdatter, the six-volume Sverkholt tales, and the four-volume Olav Audunssønn. In 1940, because she had expressed strong anti-Nazi sentiments since the early 1930s, she fled Lillehammer before the invading German army reached the town. She returned to Lillehammer after the war and died there in 1949. She is buried at the cemetery in Mesnali, a nearby village.
  • Atle Antonsen, Norwegian comic and actor, born in Lillehammer.

In popular culture[edit]

The Norwegian-American television series Lilyhammer takes place in Lillehammer. The show stars Steven Van Zandt who plays Giovanni "Johnny" Henriksen, a New York mobster who moves to Lillehammer through the U.S. Witness Protection Program after being inspired by the 1994 Winter Olympics.

The British automotive television series Top Gear had its Top Gear Winter Olympics special in Lillehammer.

The fictional character Toki Wartooth from the Adult Swim program, Metalocalypse, originates from an abandoned village near Lillehammer.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

The following cities are twinned with Lillehammer:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Lillehammer awarded 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 219.  (Norwegian)
  4. ^ "Lillehammers historie". Lillehammer kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-04. [dead link] (Norwegian)
  5. ^ "Historiske Linjer". National Archives of Norway. Retrieved 2009-01-04.  (Norwegian)
  6. ^ "Weather Information for Lillehammer". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Lillehammers vennskapsbyer" (Microsoft Word). Lillehammer kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-04. [dead link] (Norwegian)

External links[edit]