Lillian Chestney

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lillian Chestney
Born (1913-09-22)September 22, 1913
Died August 6, 2000(2000-08-06) (aged 86)
Nationality American
Education Pratt Institute, Art Students League of New York
Known for Illustrator (children's books, comic books)
Notable work(s) Arabian Nights, Alibaba and the Forty Thieves, Gulliver's Travels
Spouse(s) Stanley Maxwell Zuckerberg
Awards Society of Illustrators for Best Advertisement of 1948, Citation for Merit from the Society of Illustrators in 1961 and 1965

Lillian Chestney (September 22, 1913 – August 6, 2000) was an American illustrator and painter. She studied in New York City and illustrated children's books, comic books (during the Golden Age of Comic Books), and magazine and book covers at a time when few women held artist positions in the industry.[1]

Later in life she painted waterfront scenes in Eastern Canada and Northeastern America.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Lillian Chestney was born in 1913 and studied art in New York City.[3] In the 1930s, she attended the Pratt Institute on an art scholarship and later studied at the Art Students League of New York. She married Stanley Maxwell Zuckerberg, who she met at Pratt, on June 22, 1941. Zuckerman also studied at the Arts Students League and worked for Gilberton, using the name Stanley Maxwell.[2][4]

During World War II, Zuckerberg was in the XXI Bomber Command's 58th Bombardment Wing. For a brief period of time during the war, the couple had separated. The couple had shared career pursuits, both being artists and having worked as illustrators, and had a close relationship.[2]

In 1960 and 1964 Chestney lived in Levittown, Long Island, New York.[5][6]

Career[edit]

Chestney worked as an illustrator and cartoonist in 1940s and 1950s, creating "highly skilled, realistic, and fanciful paintings."[1][2]

Classic Comics illustrator[edit]

Lilian Chesney, "Arabian Nights," Classic Comics issue #8
Lilian Chesney, "Gulliver's Travels," Classic Comics issue #16, December 1943

Chestney illustrated Arabian Nights, including the tales of Aladdin and His Magic Lamp, Alibaba and the Forty Thieves, The Adventures of Sinbad the Sailor and The Story of the Magic Horse. Published in February 1943, it was the eighth issue in the Classic Comics series and her first illustrated comic book. It was released soon after the Hollywood movie of the same name, though of a different subject matter.[7] The story was based on the folk tale One Thousand and One Nights, from the Islamic Golden Age, in which Scheherazade postponed her execution by telling a new tale each night.[8]

Chestney used an ornamented oval logo for the series. There was controversy on the jinn's portrayal on the cover. It was questioned if Chestney or the inker, Fred Eng, had intended on portraying pubic hair or a shadow above the jinn's loincloth. To avoid the controversy the Gilberton Company, Inc. (a later corporate identity of Classic Comics) removed the black blotch when the issue was reprinted in 1944.[9][10][11]

Chestney’s illustrations for Arabian Nights were praised for their fanciful and charming qualities. In 2011 Heritage Auctions valued an issue of Chestney's work for $300 USD.[12] Chestney’s version of Arabian Nights was last reissued in 1950. In 1961 a revision of Arabian Nights was printed in which Chestney’s illustrations replaced with new art work by Charles Berger.[13] This revision has been criticized for lacking much of the charm in Chestney’s adaptation and the form was strictly dictated by the editors with a structure of four or five panels a page. All panels were rectangular as opposed to the oval and semi-circle panels Chestney used.[14]

She then illustrated the comic book based upon the first book of Gulliver's Travels, “Voyage to Lilliput,” written by Jonathan Swift. It was Classic Comics 16th issue, published in December 1943. It was dropped from the reorder list for Classics Illustrated in 1954.[13]

Other work[edit]

She created advertisements for cook books and music books and covers for paperback romance novels, but she specialized in illustrating children’s books. Her and her husband's work were featured in magazines such as "McCall's", "The Saturday Evening Post", and "Collier's". The Signet Classic edition of Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy commissioned Chestney for a cover painting in 1964.[1][2]

Later in life Chestney painted waterfront scenes of Nova Scotia and New England, based upon the vacations she had taken there with her husband.[2][13]

List of works[edit]

A few of her works are:

Comic books
  • "Arabian Nights". Comic Classics (Gilberton) (8). February 1943. 
  • "Gulliver's Travels". Comic Classics (Gilberton) (16). December 1943. 
Other works
  • Mary Jarman Nelson and Gladys Tipton, ed. (1951). Music for Early Childhood. New Music Horizon Series. Illustrator: Lillian Chestney and Ellen Simon (New York: Silver Burdett Company). 
  • Samm Sinclair Baker (1958). Miracle Gardening ... Drawings by Lillian Chestney. Bantam Books. 
  • Myra Waldo (1960). The complete book of oriental cooking. Illustrator: Lillian Chestney. D. McKay Co. 

Awards and recognition[edit]

Chestney contributions were recognized in commercial arts when she won the award from the Society of Illustrators for Best Advertisement of 1948.[1] She also earned the Citation for Merit from the Society of Illustrators in 1961 and 1965.[1]

She is in the Who's who in Commercial Art and Photography of 1960 and 1964.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Jones Jr., William B. (2011). Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. pp. 37–39. ISBN 978-0-7864-3840-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Published: August 13, 2000 (2000-08-13). "Paid Notice: Deaths Zuckerberg, Lillian Chestney". New York Times. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  3. ^ "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JPQW-V5M : accessed 22 Feb 2013), Lillian C Zuckerberg, 1 August 2000; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
  4. ^ William B. Jones (2011). Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History. McFarland. pp. 35–38. ISBN 978-0-7864-3840-2. 
  5. ^ a b Director's Art Institute, New York (1960). Who's who in commercial art and photography: a guide to artists, photographers, agents, studios, representatives and buyers of art in the graphics field. p. 18. 
  6. ^ a b Who's who in Commercial Art and Photography: A Guide to Artists, Photographers, Agents, Studios, Representatives and Buyers of Art in the Graphics Field. Director's Art Institute. 1964. pp. 25, 118. 
  7. ^ William B. Jones (2011). Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History. McFarland. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-7864-3840-2. 
  8. ^ David Deming (2010). Science and Technology in World History, Volume 1: The Ancient World and Classical Civilization. McFarland. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-7864-5657-4. 
  9. ^ "Stories from the Thousand and One Nights. 1909–14. Vol. 16. The Harvard Classics". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  10. ^ Jones, William B. Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History, with Illustrations. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2002. Print.
  11. ^ Chestney, Lillian. Arabian Nights. New York City: Gilberton, 1943. Print.
  12. ^ "Classic Comics #8 Arabian Nights - First Edition". Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121201. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c William B. Jones (2011). Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History. McFarland. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7864-3840-2. 
  14. ^ William B. Jones (2011). Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History. McFarland. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-7864-3840-2. 

Further reading[edit]

  • John Castagno (1989). Artists as illustrators: an international directory with signatures and monograms, 1800 -- the present. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-2168-2. 
  • Trina Robbins (1 November 2001). Great Women Cartoonists. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8230-2170-3. 
  • Trina Robbins (December 1993). A century of women cartoonists. Kitchen Sink Press. ISBN 978-0-87816-206-2. 
  • Ernest William Watson; Arthur Leighton Guptill (1973). American Artist. Watson-Guptill Publications, Incorporated. p. 49.