Portrait of Langtry by Frank Miles
|Born||October 13, 1853|
|Died||February 12, 1929(aged 75)|
Lillie Langtry (October 13, 1853 – February 12, 1929), usually spelled Lily Langtry when she was in the U.S., born Emilie Charlotte Le Breton, achieved overnight celebrity status when in May 1877 Lady Sebright invited her to an "an evening at home", attended by some of the famous artists of the day. Her looks—allied to her ability to enchant those in her company—attracted interest, comments and invitations from artists and society hostesses. By 1881 she was an actress and would star in many plays including She Stoops to Conquer, The Lady of Lyons and As You Like It, eventually running her own stage production company. In later life she performed "dramatic sketches" in vaudeville. She was also known for her relationships with nobility, including the Prince of Wales, the Earl of Shrewsbury and Prince Louis of Battenberg. She would become the subject of much public and media interest.
Born as Emilie Charlotte Le Breton, Langtry was the only daughter of Dean of Jersey, Rev. William Corbet Le Breton. He gained an unsavoury reputation because of a number of extramarital affairs and, when his wife finally left him in 1880, he left Jersey. He had eloped to Gretna Green with Lillie's mother, Emilie Davis (née Martin), who was known for her beauty. In 1842, he married her at Chelsea. One of Langtry's ancestors was Richard le Breton, one of the reputed assassins of Thomas Becket in 1170. She had six brothers, all but one older than she. Of her six brothers, only William and Clement did not die young from accident or disease. Clement, who died in 1927, was her last surviving brother. Proving too much for her French governess, Lillie was educated by her brothers' tutor, becoming unusually well educated for women of the time.
From Jersey to London 
On 6 March 1874, twenty-year-old Lillie married thirty-year-old Irish landowner Edward Langtry, a widower who had been married to Jane Francis. She was the sister of Elizabeth Francis who had married Lillie's brother William. They held their wedding reception at The Royal Yacht Hotel, in St. Helier, Jersey. He was wealthy enough to own a yacht, and Lillie insisted that he take her away from the Channel Islands. Eventually, they rented an apartment in Eaton Place, Belgravia, London before moving to 17 Norfolk Street off Park Lane.
In an interview published in several newspapers (including the Brisbane Herald) in 1882, Lillie Langtry said,
“It was through Lord Ranleigh and the painter Frank Miles that I was first introduced to London society… I went to London and was brought out by my friends. Among the most enthusiastic of these was Mr Frank Miles, the artist. I learned afterwards that he saw me one evening at the theatre, and tried in vain to discover who I was. He went to his clubs and among his artist friends declaring he had seen a beauty, and he described me to everybody he knew, until one day one of his friends met me and he was duly introduced. Then Mr Miles came and begged me to sit for my portrait. I consented, and when the portrait was finished he sold it to Prince Leopold. From that time I was invited everywhere and made a great deal of by many members of the royal family and nobility. After Frank Miles I sat for portraits to Millais and Burne-Jones and now Frith is putting my face in one of his great pictures."
Lord Ranelagh, a friend of her father and sister-in-law, invited Lillie Langtry to a high-society reception at which she attracted notice for her beauty and wit. In contrast to more elaborate clothing, she wore a simple black dress (which was to become her trademark) and no jewellery. Before the end of the evening, Frank Miles had completed several sketches of her that became very popular on postcards. Another guest, Sir John Everett Millais, eventually painted her portrait. Langtry's nickname, the "Jersey Lily," was taken from the Jersey lily flower (Amaryllis belladonna) – a symbol of Jersey.
The nickname was popularised by Millais' portrait, entitled A Jersey Lily. (According to tradition, the two Jersey natives spoke Jèrriais to each other during the sittings.) The painting caused great interest when exhibited at the Royal Academy. Langtry was portrayed holding a Guernsey lily (Nerine sarniensis) in the painting rather than a Jersey lily, as none were available during the sittings. She also sat for Sir Edward Poynter and is depicted in works by Sir Edward Burne-Jones. She became much sought after in London society, and invitations flooded in. Her fame soon reached royal ears.
Acting career 
Short of money, and at the suggestion by her close friend Oscar Wilde, Lillie embarked upon a stage career. She first tried out in an amateur production in the Twickenham Town Hall. It was a comedy two-hander called “A Fair Encounter”, with Henrietta Labouchere taking the other role and coaching Lillie in her acting. Henrietta was formally a professional actress (Henrietta Hobson) before she met and married Liberal MP Henry Labouchere. Following favorable reviews of this first attempt at the stage - and with further coaching - she made her debut before the London public playing Kate Hardcastle in She Stoops to Conquer at the Haymarket Theatre in 1881. Critical opinion was mixed but she was a success with the public and her next production “Ours” was at the same theatre. Early in 1882 Langtry quit the production team at the Haymarket and started her own company, touring the UK with various plays still under the tutelage of Henrietta Labouchere.
American impresario Henry Abbey arranged an American tour for Langtry and she arrived in October 1882 to be met by the press and Oscar Wilde who was in New York on a lecture tour. Her first appearance was eagerly anticipated, but the theatre burnt down the night before the opening; the show was transferred and opened the following week. Eventually her production company started a coast to coast tour of the USA, ending in May 1883 with a “fat profit”. Before leaving New York she had broken with Henrietta Labouchere on acrimonious terms over Langtry's relationship with young American millionaire Freddie Gebhard. Her first tour of the United States (accompanied by Gebhard), was an enormous success, which she repeated in subsequent years. While the critics generally condemned her interpretations of roles such as Pauline in the The Lady of Lyons or Rosalind in As You Like It, the public loved her. On her return from New York in 1883 she registred at the Consevatoire in Paris for six weeks' intensive training to improve her acting technique. In 1889 she took on the part of Lady Macbeth in “The Scottish Play”. In 1903, she starred in the U.S. in The Crossways, written by her in collaboration with J. Hartley Manners. She returned to the United States for tours in 1906 and again in 1912, appearing in vaudeville. She last appeared on the stage in America in 1917 and was to make her final appearance in the theatre some months later in London.
Personal life 
Royal mistress 
The Prince of Wales, Albert Edward ("Bertie", later Edward VII), arranged to sit next to Langtry at a dinner party given by Sir Allen Young on May 24, 1877. (Her husband Edward was seated at the other end of the table.) Although the Prince was married to Princess Alexandra and had six children, he was a well-known philanderer. He became infatuated with Langtry and she soon became his semi-official mistress. She was even presented to the Prince's mother, Queen Victoria. Eventually, a cordial relationship developed between her and Princess Alexandra.
The affair lasted from late 1877 to June 1880. The Prince of Wales had the Red House (now Langtry Manor Hotel) constructed in Bournemouth, then in Hampshire, in 1877 as a private retreat for the couple and allowed Langtry to design it. He once complained to her, "I've spent enough on you to build a battleship," whereupon she tartly replied, "And you've spent enough in me to float one". The folklore is that their relationship finally cooled when she misbehaved at a dinner party, but she had been eclipsed when Sarah Bernhardt came to London in June 1879.
In July 1879 Langtry began an affair with the Earl of Shrewsbury; in January 1880 Langtry and the earl were planning to run away together. In the autumn of 1879 there were rumours published in Town Talk that her husband would divorce her and cite, with others, the Prince of Wales as co-respondent. For some time, the Prince saw little of her. He remained fond of her and spoke well of her in her later career as a theatre actress.
With the withdrawal of royal favour, creditors closed in. The Langtrys' finances were not equal to their lifestyle. In October 1880 Langtry sold many of her possessions to meet her debts but Edward Langtry did not officially declare bankruptcy.
In April 1879, Langtry had an affair with Prince Louis of Battenberg, while she was involved with Arthur Clarence Jones (1854–1930), an old friend. In June 1880, she became pregnant. Her husband was not the father; she led Prince Louis to believe that it was he. When the prince told to his parents, they had him assigned to the warship HMS Inconstant. Given some money by the Prince of Wales, Langtry retired to Paris with Arthur Jones. On March 8, 1881, she gave birth to a daughter, Jeanne Marie.
The discovery of Langtry's passionate letters to Arthur Jones in 1978 and their publication by Laura Beatty in 1999 support the idea that Jones was the father. Prince Louis's son, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, had always maintained that his father was the father of Jeanne Marie.
In 1902 Jeanne Marie married the Scottish politician, Sir Ian Malcolm. They had four children. Lady Malcolm died in 1964. Her daughter Mary Malcolm was one of the first two female announcers on the BBC Television Service (now BBC One) from 1948 to 1956, during which time she became a household name in the UK. She died on 13 October 2010 at the age of 92. Her son Ian Malcolm was the first husband of the English actress Ann Todd.
Thoroughbred racing 
From 1882 to 1891, Langtry had a relationship with the New York City millionaire Frederic Gebhard. With him, she became involved in the sport of thoroughbred horse racing. In 1885 she and Gebhard brought a stable of American horses to race in England. On August 13, 1888 Langtry and Gebhard traveled in her private car attached to an Erie Railroad express train bound for Chicago. Another railcar was transporting seventeen of their horses when it derailed at Shohola, Pennsylvania at 1:40 in the morning. Rolling down an 80-foot (24 m) embankment, it burst into flames. One person died in the fire, along with Gebhard's champion runner Eole and fourteen racehorses belonging to him and Langtry. One of the two horses to survive the wreck was St. Saviour. He was named for St. Saviour's Church in Jersey, where Langtry's father had been rector and where the actress chose to be buried.
In 1889 Langtry met “an eccentric young bachelor, with vast estates in Scotland, a large breeding stud, a racing stable, and more money than he knew what to do with”: he was George Alexander Baird or Squire Abington as he came to be known. His money had come from the industry of his grandfather and seven of his sons who developed coal and iron workings. Baird’s father had died when he was a young boy, leaving him a fortune in trust; in addition he inherited the estates of two equally wealthy uncles who had died childless. Langtry and Baird met at a race course when he gave her a betting tip and the stake money to place on the horse. The horse won and at a later luncheon party Baird also offered her the gift of a horse called Milford. She at first demurred but others at the table advised her to accept as this horse was a very fine prospect. The horse duly won several races under Langtry’s colours of “Mr Jersey” (women were excluded from registering horses at this time). Langtry became involved in a relationship with Baird, from 1891 until his death in March 1893.
When Baird died, Langtry purchased two of his horses at the dipersal sale: Lady Rosebery and Studley Royal. She moved her training to Sam Pickering’s stables at Kentford House and took a residence called Regal Lodge in Kentford, Suffolk.
Langtry found mentors in the shape of Captain James Octavius Machell and Joe Thompson who provided guidance on all matters related to the Turf and when her trainer Pickering failed to deliver results, she moved her expanded string of twenty horses to Fred Webb at Exning. She was made aware of a horse for sale in Australia called Merman that she purchased and shipped to England; this was at some risk as she had already had a bad experience of a horse being transported in this way (Maluma). Merman was regarded as one of the best “stayers” and eventually went on to win the Lewes Handicap, the Cesarewitch, Jockey Club Cup, Goodwood Stakes, Goodwood Cup and Ascot Gold Cup (with Tod Sloan up). She later had a second Cesarewitch winner with Yentoi and a third place with Raytoi. An imported horse, this time from New Zealand called Uniform won the Lewes Handicap for her.
Langtry owned a stud at Gazely, Newmarket, however, this venture was not a success and after a few years she gave up attempts to breed blood-stock.
Before moving to Monaco, Langtry sold Regal Lodge and all her horse racing interests. Regal Lodge had received many celebrated guests, not least the Prince of Wales.
American citizenship 
Langtry became an American citizen in 1897. She divorced her husband Edward Langtry the same year in Lakeport, California, and he died a few months later following an accident. A letter of condolence later written by Langtry to another widow reads in part, "I too have lost a husband, but alas! it was no great loss."
In 1888 Langtry purchased a winery with an area of 4,200 acres (17 km2) in Lake County, California, which produced red wine. She sold it in 1906. Bearing the Langtry Farms name, the winery and vineyard are still in operation in Middletown, California.
In 1899, she married the much younger Hugo Gerald de Bathe. He inherited a baronetcy and became a leading owner in the horse-racing world, before retiring to Monte Carlo. During her final years, Langtry resided in Monaco, with her husband living a short distance away. The two saw one another only when she called on him for social gatherings or in brief private encounters.
Final Days 
Her companion during this time in Monaco was her close friend, Mathilde Marie Peate, the widow of her butler. Peate was at Langtry's side during the final days of her life as she died of pneumonia in Monte Carlo. She would also be one of the beneficiaries in Langtry's will, being left £10,000, the villa - known as Le Lys Monaco - clothes and even her motor car.
Langtry died in Monaco at dawn Tuesday 12 February 1929. She had asked to be buried in her parents' tomb at St. Saviour's Church in Jersey. Due to blizzards it was not possible to move her body immediately, but finally she was taken to St Malo and across to Jersey on 22 February on the steamer Saint Brieuc. Her coffin laid in St Saviour's overnight surrounded by flowers and she was buried on the afternoon of 23 February. Pictures of the funeral may be viewed at http://www.theislandwiki.org/index.php/Lillie_Langtry
Cultural influence and portrayals 
Langtry used her high public profile to endorse commercial products such as cosmetics and soap, an early example of celebrity endorsement. Her famous ivory complexion brought her income as the first woman to endorse a commercial product, advertising Pears Soap. Her fee was allied to her weight, so she was paid 'pound for pound'.
Scholars believe the fictitious Irene Adler in "A Scandal in Bohemia" (1891), the first Sherlock Holmes short story, who outwitted the private investigator when he sought an incriminating photograph of her and a European monarch, is based upon Langtry.
In the 1944 Universal film The Scarlet Claw, Lillian Gentry, the initial murder victim, wife of Lord William Penrose and former actress, is an oblique reference to Langtry.
Langtry's life story has been portrayed in film numerous times. Lillian Bond played her in The Westerner (1940), and Ava Gardner in The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972). Judge Roy Bean, a famous American frontier admirer, was played by Walter Brennan in the former and Paul Newman in the latter film, both times as a man with a lifelong obsession with the beauty.
In 1978 Langtry's story was dramatised by London Weekend Television and produced as Lillie, starring Francesca Annis in the title role. Annis had previously played Langtry in two episodes of ATV's Edward the Seventh. Jenny Seagrove played her in the 1991 made-for-television film Incident at Victoria Falls.
A drastically fictional version of Langtry was performed by Stacy Haiduk in the 1996 television series Kindred: The Embraced. In the series, Langtry was portrayed as the immortal leader of a sect of vampires living in the present day.
Langtry is a featured character in the "tongue-in-cheek" western novel, Slocum and the Jersey Lily by Jake Logan. She figures prominently in Death at Epsom Downs by Robin Paige, the pseudonym of Bill and Susan Wittig Albert, who wrote a series of Victorian novels based on historic people.
Langtry is a featured character in the fictional Flashman novels of acclaimed writer George Macdonald Fraser mentioned as a former lover of arch cad Harry Flashman. Flashman describes her as one of his few true loves.
Langtry is used as a touchstone for old-fashioned manners in Preston Sturges's comedy The Lady Eve (1941), in a scene where a corpulent woman drops a handkerchief on the floor and the hero ignores it. Jean Barbara Stanwyck begins to describe, comment, and even anticipate the events that we see reflected in her hand mirror. Jean says: "The dropped kerchief! That hasn't been used since Lily Langtry ... you'll have to pick it up yourself, madam ... it's a shame, but he doesn't care for the flesh, he'll never see it" (Pirolini 2010).
The song "Lily Langtry" appears in a few albums by the folk group New Christy Minstrels.Langtry was possibly the subject of The Who's 1967 song, "Pictures of Lily", about a young man infatuated by the image of a woman named Lily; the fact that her death occurred in 1929 (as mentioned in the song) gives credence to this theory. A British feature film used the song title Pictures of Lily in 2011.
In The Simpsons episode in which Montgomery Burns auditions children to be his new heir, the theatre in which the auditions are held on Burns' estate is called the Lillie Langtry Theater.
Places connected with Lillie Langtry 
When first married (1874) Edward and Lillie Langtry had a property called Cliffe Lodge in Southampton. .
Lillie Langtry lived at 21 Pont Street, London from 1892 to 1897. Although from 1895 the building was actually the Cadogan Hotel, she would stay in her old bedroom there. A blue plaque (which erroneously states that she was born in 1852) on the hotel commemorates this, and the hotel's restaurant is named Langtry's in her honour.
While she was Edward VII's mistress, Lillie Langtry frequently performed at the in-house theatre of a hotel on 1–9 Inverness Terrace, in Bayswater, on the north side of Hyde Park, London W2. The in-house theatre is known as 'Lillie's theatre'. A grade II listed building, the hotel was originally built by Ritz architects Charles Mewès and Arthur Davis and continues to function as a hotel today – renamed 'The Jones Hotel', its in-house theatre continues as the venue for nightly cabaret-style performances. The hotel is now named the Grand Royale London Hyde Park – part of The Shaftesbury Hotels company.
The Langtry Manor Hotel (now a boutique hotel) is located at Derby Road in Bournemouth, now in Dorset. The Manor House was built in 1877 by the future Edward VII and was used as a love nest for them. It is now a hotel/restaurant and run by Tara Howard, it is one of Lorraine Kelly's top 20 Wedding venues. Also according to Paranormal Dorset by Roger Guttridge a female presence has been felt in the Manor House at 4pm in the kitchen, which is the time when Langtry would make her afternoon tea.
Lillie had a dwelling in Alexandra Road called Leighton House, possibly demolished in the 1970s to make way for the Alexandra Road Estate. She is remembered in the area in the name of Langtry Walk and a local pub. Lillie was a cousin of the local politician Philip Le Breton, pioneer for the preservation of Hampstead Heath.
Steam yacht White Ladye 
Langtry owned a luxury steam auxiliary yacht called White Ladye from 1891 to 1897. The yacht was built in 1891 for Lord Asburton by Ramage & Ferguson of Leith from a design by W C Storey. She had 3 masts, was 204 feet in length and 27 in breadth and was powered by a 142 hp steam engine. She had originally been named Ladye Mabel.
In 1893 Ogden Geolet leased the vessel from Langtry and used it until his death in 1897. It was then sold at auction to John Lawson Johnston the 'inventor' of Bovril and remained in his ownership until his death on board in Cannes France in 1900. In 1902/3 she was recorded in the Lloyd's Yacht Register as being owned by shipbuilder William Cresswell Gray, Tunstall Manor, West Hartlepool and remained so until 1915. Following this the Lloyd's Register records that she became French trawler La Champagne based in Fécamp and was broken up in 1935.
- Langtry, Lillie, The Days I Knew, 1925. (autobiography)
See also 
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Oldhams Press. p. 73.
- Anthony Camp, Royal Mistresses and Bastards: Fact and Fiction 1714–1936 (London, 2007) 365.
- Camp, op.cit. 366.
- Lillie Langtry
- "The life of lillie langtry". langtryfarms.
- Langtry, Lillie (1989). The Days I Knew - An Autobiography. St. John: Redberry Press. p. Chapter 1 - Call Me Lillie.
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Odhams Press Limited. pp. 34–35.
- Aronson, Theo (1989). The King in Love. London: Corgi Books. p. 74.
- "Frank Miles Drawing". lillielangtry.com. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Leslie, Anita (1973). The Marlborough House Set. New York: Doubleday & Company. p. 68 to 70.
- New International Encyclopedia
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Guilded Lily. London: Odhams Press Limited. p. Chapters 6/7/8.
- Beatty, Laura (1999). Lillie Langtry - Manners, Masks and Morals. London: Vintage. p. Chapter XXVII Down the Primrose Path.
- Beatty, Laura (1999). Lillie Langtry - Manners, Masks and Morals. London: Vintage. p. Chapter XXVIII Venus in Harness.
- "Mrs Langtry sold the theatre to Wesleyan Methodists who in turn sold [the interior] to the company owning the Royal Albert Music Hall, Canning Town, who re-erected it stone by stone as the Music Hall of Dockland" (Source: Templeman Library, University of Kent at Canterbury). On the site of the theatre is now the Westminster Central Hall.
- Camp, op.cit., p.364.
- "The Girl from Jersey". lillielangtry.com. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Camp, op.cit., 364.
- "History of the Langtry Manor". Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- Twilight of splendor: the court of Queen Victoria during her diamond jubilee year, Greg King, John Wiley & Sons, 2007 p.138
- "Fall from Grace". lillielangtry.com. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Laura Beatty, Lillie Langtry: manners, masks and morals (London, 1999), pp. 164–65.
- "Changing fortunes". jaynesjersey.com. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Camp, op.cit., pp.364–67
- Beatty, op. cit.
- Daily Telegraph, September 27, 1978; Evening News, October 23, 1978.
- "Mary Malcolm obituary". The Guardian.
- "Mrs Langtry's Private Car". The Decorator and Furnisher. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- The New York Times, August 14, 1888, p.33
- The New York Times, August 15, 1888, p. 20
- "Baird, George Alexander (1861 - 1893)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Bulloch, John Malcolm (1934). The Last Baird of Auchmedden and Strichen. Aberdeen: Privately Printed. p. 2.
- "Lillie Langtry and George Baird of Stichill". Thanks to Stichill Millennium Project. Bairdnet. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Camp, op.cit., p.366.
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Oldhams Press. p. 128 to 134.
- "Baird's of Stichill". thank to Stitchill Millennium Project. Bairnet. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Pickering, Samuel George (1865 - 1927)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Oldhams Press. p. Chapter 14 and Postscript.
- "Machell, James Octavius (Captain) (1837 - 1902)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- "Webb, Frederic E (1853 - 1917)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Allison, William (1917?). My Kingdom for a Horse. New York: E P Dutton & Company. p. 346.
- The New York Times, June 15, 1900, pg.16
- "Robinson, William Thomas (1868 - 1918)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- "Darling, Frederick (1884 - 1953)". Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved worldwide The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Langtry, Lillie (2000). The Days I Knew. Panoply Publications. p. Chapter 18 The Races.
- "Kentford Village History". A Forest Heath District Council (Suffolk) Project. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- Beatty, op.cit., p.302.
- New York Times, October 17, 1897
- Letter in the Curtis Theatre Collection, University of Pittsburgh.
- "Langtry Farms History". Langtry Farms.
- Beatty, Laura (1999). Lillie Langtry - Manners, Masks and Morals. London: Vintage. p. Chapter XXXIV Fnal Act.
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Oldhams Press. p. 219 to 220.
- Wolfe, Julian, "The Adventuress of Sherlock Holmes", cited by Baring-Gould, William S.(ed.), The Annotated Sherlock Holmes, vol.1 p.354.
- Pirolini, Alessandro. The Cinema of Preston Sturges: A Critical Study, McFarland & Co., 2010. ISBN 978-0-7864-4358-1
- Dudley, Ernest (1958). The Gilded Lily. London: Odhams Press Limited. p. 35.
- "The Grand Royale London Hyde Park". OUR HISTORY. grandroyalelondon.co.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Leslie, Anita (1973). The Marlborough House Set. New York: Doubleday & Co. p. 69.
- "Alexandra Road Park Conservation Management Plan". See page 13. © Sarah Couch Historic Landscapes. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Hampstead Heath - History". See timeline 1870. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "British History on Line". See paragraph 6. 'Hampstead: St. John’s Wood', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington (1989), pp. 60-63. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22639 Date accessed: 27 February 2013.
- "Mr Goelet Charters White Ladye". The New York Times. 14 July 1893. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Mrs Lantry's Yacht Sold". The New York Times. 25 November 1897. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Inventor of "Bovril" Dead". The New York Times. 25 November 1900. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Daussy, Jack (1991). The cod fishing trawlers Fécampois. Fécamp: Imp. L. Durand & Fils. pp. 37 to 40.
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