Lilongwe

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Lilongwe
Parliament Building of Malawi.jpg
K.a.r-.clocktower-in-lilongwe.jpg
Lilongwe Area 2.jpg
Parliament of Malawi, King's African Rifles War Memorial, Old Town
Lilongwe is located in Malawi
Lilongwe
Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe
Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783
Country  Malawi
Region Central Region
District Lilongwe
Government
 • Mayor Willie Chipondera[1]
Elevation 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population (2015)National Statistical Office of Malawi
 • Total 1,077,116
 • Density 1,479/km2 (3,830/sq mi)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Website www.llcitycouncil.org/

Lilongwe is the largest and capital city of Malawi with an estimated population of 1,077,116 for 2015. The city is located in the central region of Malawi, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia and is an important economic site and transportation hub for the central Malawi.[2] It is named after the Lilongwe River.

History[edit]

Lilongwe had existed for centuries as a small fishing village on the banks of the Lilongwe River. During British Colonial Rule, the settlement became an administrative center due to its strategic location. Formally founded in 1906[3] as a trading post, Lilongwe was officially recognized as a town in 1947.[4] After gaining independence, it increasingly developed into an important trading center in Malawi's central region. Its growth was encouraged when the country's former head of state, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975.[5] The last government offices have been relocated to Lilongwe in 2005.[6] The city's population is increasing rapidly, with an annual growth rate of 4.3%.[7]

Politics[edit]

Local Government[edit]

Lilongwe is governed by Lilongwe City Council, which is dominated by governing DPP.[8] Members of the national parliament and the council's wards vote the Mayor, currently Willie Chipondera.

National Government[edit]

Lilongwe is the seat of Malawi's Government and the parliament.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Lilongwe is located on a plateau in Central Malawi, forming part of the East African Rift Valley situated at an altitude of 1,050 m (3,440 ft) above sea level, along Lilongwe River. The region is dominated by Monadnock mountains.

Climate[edit]

Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwa), with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year, particularly June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain in a month during the wettest months.

Climate data for Lilongwe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36
(97)
33
(91)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
27
(81)
30
(86)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
15
(59)
14
(57)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
19
(66)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(61)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
6
(43)
7
(45)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
17
(63)
12
(54)
Record low °C (°F) 12
(54)
11
(52)
10
(50)
4
(39)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
8
(46)
11
(52)
10
(50)
−3
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
210
(8.27)
130
(5.12)
30
(1.18)
n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 70
(2.76)
170
(6.69)
850
(33.46)
Source: Weatherbase[9]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[10]
1966 19,425
1977 98,718
1987 223,318
1998 440,471
2008 674,448
2015 1,077,116
2020 1,324,314

Divisions[edit]

The City Centre of Lilongwe

Lilongwe is divided into a New and Old City. The former hosts hotels, embassies, governmental institutions and offices while the latter has markets, bus stations, cafes and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by the street and walled markets of Old Town.[11] Residential areas are numbered form 1 to 50, instead of having names. Lower numbers are located around the Old Ton, higher numbers are usually found near the City Center.

Economy[edit]

See also: Economy of Malawi

While Blantyre is the commercial Capital of Malawi, Lilongwe's economy is dominated by the government and public institutions. Kanengo District in the north of the city is the main industrial area, where food processing, tobacco storage and sales, maize storage and other light industries take place. Finance, banking, retail trade, construction, transport, public administration, tourism, and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in the city. 76 percent of Lilongwe's population live in informal settlements, while poverty stands at 25 percent and unemployment at 16 percent.[6] The civil service employs about 27 percent of all formal workers, while 40 percent work in the private sector and 2 percent are self-employed.[7]

Society and culture[edit]

A craft market in Lilongwe

Leisure and Entertainment[edit]

Lilongwe Golf Club is situated in Old Town, being the only 18 hole golf course in the country. The club also hosts an Olympic size swimming-pool. [12]

Lilongwe Wildlife Center is situated between Old Town and City Center, and serves as a wildlife sanctuary and popular place of excursion for the city's residents.[13]

Umunthu Theatre regularly hosts plays, comedy, bands, film and club nights.[14] A variety of bars and night clubs offer opportunities for live music and parties.[15]

Food[edit]

See also: Malawian cuisine

Due in part to the growth of the expatriate community and the increasing importance of tourism, the number of international restaurants has risen very rapidly over recent years. The city now offers a rich and internationalized diversity of cuisine, such as Chinese, Korean, Italian, and Indian food.[16] Fast-food is also popular, Steers having several branches in the city.

Youth centres[edit]

There are several youth centres in this town. The city assembly runs the Lilongwe community ground located close to police unit south east of the main bus terminal. The youth centre is surrounded by a wall 10 metres high. Local teams and youth use the facilities to play basketball, football, karate, boxing, volleyball, and many other games.[citation needed]

Another major youth centre is Don Bosco Youth Centre located at Area 23, on the outskirts of the town. It is run by the Salesians of Don Bosco. Young people come to this place to play and pray. In addition to the good grounds and courts that it has, there is a technical school that holds over 600 young people who train in different trades.[17]

Transportation[edit]

Lilongwe to Johannesburg bus

Airport[edit]

Lilongwe's Kamuzu International Airport (LLW) fields regular flights to Johannesburg, Addis Ababa, Nairobi, Lusaka and domestic services to Blantyre. The airport is located to the north of Lilongwe, approximately 20 kilometers from the City Centre. [18] The Airport serves as a hub for Malawian Airlines. Kamuzu International Airport replaced Lilongwe's old airport, 6 kilometers west of the City, in 1977. The old airport is occasionally used by Malawi Defense Forces.

Buses[edit]

There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba, Kasungu and Mzuzu.[19] Regular services connect Lilongwe with cities in neighboring countries, such as Johannesburg, Harare and Dar-es-salaam.

Rail[edit]

There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, and to the east to Salima.[20]

Education[edit]

There are 38 private and 66 public primary schools with a total of 103,602 pupils as well as 29 secondary schools with 30,795 students in Lilongwe.[7] Lilongwe is also an educational centre of Malawi. The city is home to many Educational Institutions, including:

Sports[edit]

See also: Sports in Malawi

A new national stadium with a capacity of 40,000 is currently being constructed with the help of a $70 million loan form the Government of the People's Republic of China.[25]

Silver Strikers F.C., Blue Eagles, CIVO United, EPAC United, and Kamuzu Barracks are all playing in the Malawi Premier Division.

Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nyasatimes.com/2014/07/08/dpp-councillor-elected-mayor-of-lilongwe-willie-chipondera/
  2. ^ http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.wawamalawi.com/central-lilongwe.html
  4. ^ http://www.expertafrica.com/malawi/lilongwe
  5. ^ http://www.malawitourism.com/pages/attractions/the_attraction.asp?AttractionsID=13
  6. ^ a b http://www.urbanafrica.net/resources/malawi-reports-urban-profiles-blantyre-lilongwe-mzuzu-zomba/
  7. ^ a b c http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.nyasatimes.com/2014/07/08/dpp-councillor-elected-mayor-of-lilongwe-willie-chipondera/
  9. ^ Lilongwe Climate Normals, accessed 2 December 2012
  10. ^ http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.malawitourism.com/pages/attractions/the_attraction.asp?AttractionsID=13
  12. ^ http://www.lilongwegolfclub.com/
  13. ^ http://www.lilongwewildlife.org/
  14. ^ "Umunthu Theatre". Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Entertainment in Lilongwe". Lonely Planet. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  16. ^ Lonely Planet http://www.lonelyplanet.com/malawi/lilongwe/restaurants. Retrieved February 17, 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ "Don Bosco Youth Technical Institute - Lilongwe". dbc-malawi.org. 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  18. ^ http://www.flightstats.com/go/Airport/airportDetails.do?airportCode=LLW
  19. ^ "Getting there & away". Lilongwe. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "(Malawi Rail Map)". Railroad Development Corporation. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  21. ^ http://www.bunda.luanar.mw/
  22. ^ http://www.mim.co.mw/contact.php
  23. ^ http://www.kcn.unima.mw/index.php/submit-an-article/programmes/70-welcome-to-kamuzu-college-of-nursing
  24. ^ http://locator.unicon.net/node/86331
  25. ^ http://www.nyasatimes.com/2012/10/31/malawi-china-sign-loan-agreement-to-construct-new-stadium/
  26. ^ http://www.tcc.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=81569D74DD82C7DB
  27. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/200408200493.html
  • Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)

External links[edit]

Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage