Liluah

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Liluah
Lillooah Lilooah
Sub city
Liluah is located in West Bengal
Liluah
Liluah
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°35′0″N 88°23′0″E / 22.58333°N 88.38333°E / 22.58333; 88.38333Coordinates: 22°35′0″N 88°23′0″E / 22.58333°N 88.38333°E / 22.58333; 88.38333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Howrah
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Languages
 • Official BengaliEnglish
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 711204
Nearest city Howrah, HowrahKolkata
Lok Sabha constituency Howrah
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bally
Climate humid (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 42 °C (108 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 09 °C (48 °F)

Liluah(also spelled Lillooah) is a town near Bally municipality in Howrah district, West Bengal, India. It has a railway junction, which is the first station after Howrah station under the Eastern Railway (India).[1] and is an educational hub with a number of schools dotting the town.

Geography[edit]

It is located at 22°35′0″N 88°23′0″E / 22.58333°N 88.38333°E / 22.58333; 88.38333 at an elevation of 13 m from MSL.[2]

Location[edit]

Liluah is 2 km north of Kolkata and 5 km north of Howrah.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Nearest airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Kolkata.

Road[edit]

Liluah is well connected with round the clock buses and auto-rickshaws.

Railway[edit]

Liluah railway station is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. It also has a Railway Carriage and Wagons Workshop: one of the three in the Eastern Railways. The other two being at Kanchrapara and Jamalpur. The Liluah Railway station has 5 platforms with 3 mainly being used for the Howrah-Bardhaman Main Line and the other two for the Howrah-Bardhaman Chord Line. The Belur Math Line branches off between Liluah and Belur, There is also a line connecting Liluah and Andul in the South Eastern Railways. It is used by goods trains. Its takes 8 minutes to travel from Howrah to Liluah (a distance of 5 km) by a suburban local train.cost of ticket is Rs.5 one-way. But the same journey takes 15 minutes when going from Liluah To Howrah due to bulk railway traffic coming in and out of the Howrah station which is the biggest railway junction in India.

Governance[edit]

Most parts of Liluah fall within the Howrah Municipal Corporation while the remaining parts come under the Bally Municipality.

The Town[edit]

The railway line divides Liluah into 2 parts.Since 2008 both these parts were joined by a flyover constructed over the Liluah railway station.

History[edit]

Liluah, or Lillooah as it was then written, was the depot of the former East Indian Railway [EIR]. The case of unfortunate shipwreck bringing EIR's first loco and mis-despatch of ship carrying EIR's first coaches for inauguration of first railroad in Eastern India led the E.I.R. authorities to consider manufacture of rolling stock in India.(read the history of ER).

Initially EIR had set up in 1853 a Locomotive and Carriage Workshop near the Howrah Station (somewhere near the salt gola) with the idea of maintenance of assets after inauguration in 1854 and was later shifted to its present site in the year 1900 as the site did not meet the requirement in terms of magnitude of work. The Locomotive portion was shifted to a new and much bigger workshop at Jamalpur in 1862 and the Howrah works was upgraded to a Carriage and Wagon Workshop in 1863. As the Howrah location was found unsuitable for further expansion, the facility was finally shifted to its present site. The Liluah Carriage and Wagon Workshop is located in the suburbs of Howrah about 7 km. from Howrah. It is the largest combined Carriage & Wagon Workshop of Indian Railways.

The prime responsibility of this workshop was to manufacture rolling stock. This excluded locomotives . Only Carriages and Wagons were initially manufactured. During the last century Liluah had efficiently discharged the duties. Manufacturing of coaches were done till 1972 and Liluah has 3000 coaches to its credit. Wagon manufacturing was however discontinued in the post independence era and Coach manufacturing was also stopped when sufficient infrastructure was built throughout the country to cater for the ever-growing demand.

Another interesting fact which is less known is that apart from rolling stock manufacture Liluah made immense contribution to the war machinery of Allied Forces during the Second World War. Apart from rolling stock required for transport of military equipment Liluah also produced hundreds of Ambulances, Water Cars, tanks, armoured vehicles and lorries. Ammunitions were also produced for the British Army, the Indian Army and Royal Air force. Minor items like tent pegs etc. were also in thousands.All the above illustrates the technical expertise and skill developed within the work shop. An essay published in 1945 in East Indian Railway Magazine by D.K.Whitworth[3] describes how great a job was done by railwaymen at Liluah between 1938 and 1942.

Like other leading Indian railways, the EIR provided a full regiment for the Railway Units of the Auxiliary Force (India). Liluah, or Lillooah as it was written then, was the home of the 1st Bn., the East Indian Railway Regiment.

Education[edit]

  • Don Bosco High and Technical School Liluah. Commonly abbreviated as DBL, this school was set up in 1937 by the salesians of Don Bosco mainly to train the local Christian population so that they could get jobs at the Liluah Railway Carriage and Wagon Workshop. The school has won the Telegraph School of the Year awards for three times and is only the fourth school ever in Kolkata to enter the Hall of Fame. DBL celebrated its Platinum Jubilee on 8 December 2012.
    • Rose Bud School
  • M.C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth
  • Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan
  • Agrasain Boys School
  • St. Denis School
  • Sudhir Memorial Institute
  • Sunrise (English Medium) School
  • I.P. Memorial School
  • Gurukul School
  • MCKV institute of Engineering
  • Mirpara Don Bosco Self Employment Research Institute(D.B.S.E.R.I)
  • Sohanlal Devralia Balika Siksha Sadan
  • Belur Janta High School
  • swaika girls high school
  • liluah T.R.G.R. Khemka high school
  • Bhattanagar Kulokamini Vidyamandir

Recreation[edit]

The recently opened RD mall houses Inox Multiplex, Domino's Pizza Parlour, Cafe Coffee Day, Subway, a gaming arena, and Big Bazaar among many other retail stores.

Nearby[edit]

Belur_Math is 2 km north-east of Liluah Railway Station.

References[edit]

External links[edit]