|Founded||January 18, 1535|
|• Total||2,672.28 km2 (1,031.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PET (UTC-5)|
The province was created in 1821 as Peru's territory was divided into departments, provinces, districts and parishes. The province was part of the Lima Department, which was formed by the territories of present day Lima, Callao and Ica regions, and the provinces of Casma, Huarmey and Santa, which later would be part of the La Costa Department.
The department was further subdivided as time passed but the Lima Province kept being part of it. Due to the massive migration from other areas of the country, the need to separate the province from the rest of the department was forecast by experts.
- Main article: Districts of Lima
The province is divided into 43 districts. Each of them is headed by a mayor, although the Metropolitan Lima Municipal Council (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), led by the mayor of Lima, also exercises its authority in these districts.
All the districts of Lima province are fused together in a continuous urban area, with the exception of the beach resorts of Ancon and Santa Rosa in the north and Pachacamac, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, San Bartolo, Santa Maria del Mar and Pucusana in the south.
- North: Huaral Province
- Northeast: Canta Province
- East: Huarochirí Province
- South: Cañete Province (all of these four provinces are in the Lima Region)
- West: Callao Region and the Pacific Ocean
Lima Province is administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), which also administers the city of Lima. Its current mayor is Susana Villarán de La Puente.
From April to December, Lima is often covered in coastal fog and mist, while in January to late March, the weather is generally sunny.
Lima has various tourist destinations and activities, including pre-Inca period pyramids, museums and modern shopping malls. There are many restaurants, some of which specialize in fresh seafood, bars and nightclubs. There are many beaches for sunbathing, swimming and fishing.
- INEI. Censos Nacionales 2007: XI de Población y VI de Vivienda. Primeros Resultados. (pdf-file, 1453 kB) 2007 Population Census, first results. Retrieved on 2008-11-09.
- Lima Travel Information from Lonely Planet Travel Guides and Travel Information. Retrieved August 2009.
- (Spanish) Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima Metropolitan Lima Municipal Council official website